|47th Mayor of Indianapolis|
January 1, 2000 – January 1, 2008
|Preceded by||Stephen Goldsmith|
|Succeeded by||Greg Ballard|
|Born||June 15, 1958|
Indianapolis, Indiana, U.S.
|Alma mater||Purdue University|
University of Michigan Law School
Barton "Bart" R. Peterson (born June 15, 1958) is an American lawyer and politician who served as mayor of the U.S city of Indianapolis, Indiana. He is a past president of the National League of Cities. A Democrat first elected in 1999, he was defeated in 2007 in a bid for a third term in what was widely viewed as a huge upset.
A lifelong Indianapolis resident, Peterson graduated from North Central High School before attending Purdue University. After graduating from the University of Michigan Law School, he practiced law in Indianapolis for several years before joining the staff of Governor Evan Bayh, eventually serving as the Governor's Chief of Staff.
Peterson announced his candidacy for mayor of Indianapolis in 1999 and defeated the Republican candidate, Indiana Secretary of State Sue Anne Gilroy, 52 percent to 41 percent. When Peterson took office in 2000, he became Indianapolis's first Democratic mayor since 1967. Among his accomplishments during his first term were the establishment of charter schools in the city and development of several arts and culture initiatives.
Peterson was re-elected in 2003 with 63 percent of the vote, handily defeating Republican Marion County Treasurer Greg Jordan. During his second term, he led the efforts to consolidate city and county government, merging the Indianapolis Police Department with the Marion County Sheriff's Department to form the Indianapolis Metropolitan Police Department under the leadership of Marion County Sheriff Frank J. Anderson, and merging several township fire departments with the Indianapolis Fire Department. He also oversaw plans to construct a new home for the Indianapolis Colts while also expanding the Indiana Convention Center. Peterson is also credited for attracting additional downtown development including the construction of a downtown Simon Property Group headquarters and Conrad Hotel tower.
Peterson was expected to easily cruise to re-election in 2007 as no well-known Republican candidates entered the race, leaving relatively unknown political newcomer Greg Ballard as his opposition. Indeed, many thought that the once-dominant Republican Party was all but dead in the city. However, largely due to high property taxes and a rising crime rate, several polls rated the race about even as election day approached. When voters went to the polls, Peterson lost to Ballard by a margin of 51 percent to 47 percent.
Prior to the election, both Democrats and Republicans considered Peterson a political star, and he had been mentioned as a candidate for governor or the United States Senate. Now a "fallen star", the loss prompted many pundits to declare it the biggest political upset in Indiana history.
In December 2007, Peterson was mentioned as a possible candidate in the special election to fill the seat of recently deceased Congresswoman Julia Carson. A few days later, Peterson ruled out a run for this office.
Harvard University's Institute of Politics hired Peterson as a resident fellow in January 2008. At Harvard he led study groups on urban politics that he confronted in his time as mayor, including building arts communities, education reform, sports facilities, and homelessness. Living Cities, a national philanthropic organization that conducts research and advocates on behalf of cities, selected Peterson as one of its first two Distinguished Urban Fellows in March 2008. Peterson remains involved in community activities in Indianapolis, particularly as the Chair of the Board of Directors for The Mind Trust, a nonprofit organization he founded in 2006 with his former charter schools director David Harris to promote entrepreneurship in education.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-02-27. Retrieved 2007-11-11.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- https://web.archive.org/web/20071109084652/http://www.indystar.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=%2F20071107%2FLOCAL190501%2F311070006. Archived from the original on November 9, 2007. Retrieved November 8, 2007. Missing or empty
- Race for seat could divide Dems Brendan O'Shaughnessy. December 16, 2007. The Indianapolis Star.
- Peterson won't seek Carson's House seat Brendan O'Shaughnessy. December 20, 2007. The Indianapolis Star.
- IOP Names Spring Fellows Athena Y. Jiang. The Harvard Crimson. January 17, 2008.
- Spring 2008 Study Groups Archived 2008-04-21 at the Wayback Machine Institute of Politics. Accessed April 18, 2008.
- PRESS RELEASE: Living Cities Welcomes Peterson and Sten as Inaugural Distinguished Urban Fellows Archived 2009-02-10 at the Wayback Machine 'Alisa Kesten' March 27, 2008. Peterson is also a visiting professor of public policy at Ball State University where is teaching courses related to metropolitan problems and planning.
- Indianapolis Mayor Bart Peterson: The Peyton Manning of Charter Schools Archived 2008-02-22 at the Wayback Machine David Skinner. Education Next. Summer 2007.
- About Us Archived 2008-05-01 at the Wayback Machine The Mind Trust. Accessed April 18, 2008.
- "Peterson Joining Eli Lilly As Senior VP". TheIndyChannel.com. June 5, 2009. Retrieved 2009-06-06.
| Mayor of Indianapolis