Bartlane cable picture transmission system

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Bartlane cable picture transmission system was a technique invented in 1920 to transmit digitized newspaper images over submarine cable lines between London and New York. It was named after its inventors Harry G. Bartholomew and Maynard D. McFarlane[1] and was first used to transmit a picture across the Atlantic in 1921.[2] Using the Bartlane system, images could be transmitted across the Atlantic in less than three hours.[clarification needed] The images were initially coded with 5 gray levels, but this number was increased to 15 in 1929.[1] At the transmitter, the pattern on the telegraph tapes were made using special printing devices and decoded into the image at the receiver using telegraph printers equipped with appropriate typefaces.[3]

This system was also adapted with a photographic process in order to get more precise images in 1929, so that at the receiver the images were converted to a chemical medium.


  1. ^ a b "The Bartlane Transmission System". Archived from the original on 10 February 2010. Retrieved 7 January 2010.
  2. ^ Rensen, Marius. "The Bartlane System". Retrieved 7 January 2010.
  3. ^ González, Rafael; Woods, Richard Eugene (2008). Digital image processing (3 ed.). Prentice Hall. ISBN 978-0-13-168728-8.