County Galway, Ireland
|Died||March 22, 1901 (aged 59–60)|
|Allegiance||United States of America|
|Service/||United States Navy|
|Battles/wars||American Civil War|
|Awards||Medal of Honor|
Bartlett Laffey (1841 – March 22, 1901) was an Irish-born United States Navy sailor and Medal of Honor recipient.
Born in County Galway, Ireland, he enlisted in the United States Navy from Massachusetts on March 17, 1862, and was assigned to stern wheel gunboat USS Marmora.
On March 5, 1864, the Confederates launched a heavy attack on Union positions at Yazoo City, Mississippi. In the midst of heated battle Laffey landed a 12-pound howitzer and her crew. Despite enemy rifle fire which cut up the gun carriage and severed the rammer, Laffey bravely stood by his gun and contributed greatly to turning back the fierce Confederate assault. Seaman Laffey received the Medal of Honor for his actions. Two of his shipmates, Seaman James Stoddard and Seaman William J. Franks, were also awarded the medal for being on the gun crew.
He died at Chelsea, Massachusetts, on March 22, 1901.
Two ships in the United States Navy have been given their name in honor of Bartlett Laffey. His granddaughter, Miss Eleanor Fogerty, christened the first USS Laffey (DD-459), a Benson class destroyer, in 1941. This ship was lost during the Naval Battle of Guadalcanal in 1942. The second ship was USS Laffey (DD-724), an Allen M. Sumner class destroyer which was built in 1943 and served until 1975. She was laid down less than a year after the loss of the first Laffey and named for that ship as much as for Seaman Laffey. The second USS Laffey is now preserved as a museum ship and is registered as a National Historic Landmark.
Medal of Honor citation
Rank and organization: Seaman, U.S. Navy. Born: 1841, Ireland. Accredited to: Massachusetts. G.O. No.: 32, April 16, 1864.
Off Yazoo City, Miss., March 5, 1864, embarking from the Marmora with a 12-pound howitzer mounted on a field carriage, Laffey landed with the gun and crew in the midst of heated battle and, bravely standing by his gun despite enemy rifle fire which cut the gun carriage and rammer, contributed to the turning back of the enemy during the fierce engagement.
- ^ "Civil War Medal of Honor Recipients (A–L)". Medal of Honor Citations. United States Army Center of Military History. December 3, 2010. Archived from the original on 21 May 2011. Retrieved May 13, 2011.
- ^ "Civil War Medal of Honor Recipients (M–Z)". Medal of Honor Citations. United States Army Center of Military History. December 3, 2010. Archived from the original on 11 May 2011. Retrieved May 13, 2011.
- ^ "Bartlett Laffey, Medal of Honor recipient". American Civil War (A-L). United States Army Center of Military History. June 8, 2009. Archived from the original on 14 December 2007. Retrieved December 6, 2007.
- This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships.
- "Bartlett Laffey". Claim to Fame: Medal of Honor recipients. Find a Grave. Retrieved December 6, 2007.
- "Bartlett Laffey, Medal of Honor recipient". American Civil War (A-L). United States Army Center of Military History. June 8, 2009. Archived from the original on 14 December 2007. Retrieved December 6, 2007.
- C. Douglas Sterner (ed.). "Medal of Honor citation for Bartlett Laffey". HomeofHeroes.com. Retrieved December 6, 2007.
- "history.navy.mil: USS Laffey". Archived from the original on December 8, 2010. Retrieved September 24, 2010.
- People from County Galway
- Irish-born Medal of Honor recipients
- 1841 births
- 1901 deaths
- 19th-century Irish people
- Irish emigrants to the United States (before 1923)
- Union Navy sailors
- United States Navy Medal of Honor recipients
- United States Navy sailors
- Irish sailors in the United States Navy
- American Civil War recipients of the Medal of Honor