Market Place, Barton-upon-Humber
|Population||11,066 (2011 Census)|
|OS grid reference|
|• London||150 mi (240 km) S|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||Yorkshire and the Humber|
Barton-upon-Humber or Barton is a town and civil parish in North Lincolnshire, England. The population at the 2011 census was 11,066. It is situated on the south bank of the Humber Estuary at the southern end of the Humber Bridge. It is 46 miles (74 km) east of Leeds, 6 miles (10 km) south-west of Hull and 31 miles (50 km) north north-east of the county town of Lincoln. Other nearby towns include Scunthorpe to the south-west and Grimsby to the south-east.
The Barton – Cleethorpes Branch Line (opened 1849) via Grimsby terminates at Barton-on-Humber railway station. The A15 passes to the west of the town cutting through Beacon Hill, and has a junction with the A1077 Ferriby Road to South Ferriby. The B1218 passes north-south through the town, and leads to Barton Waterside. Kimberly-Clark had a factory on Falkland Way close to the railway, known the Barton Plant; this area is known as the Humber Bridge Industrial Estate. The factory is now operating as part of Wren Kitchens
Cropmarks and the discovery of polished handaxes in the area surrounding Barton-upon-Humber suggest that the area was inhabited at least as far back as the Neolithic (circa 4000 to circa 2,500 BCE).
No Roman settlement has been found in Barton-upon-Humber, though individual discoveries dating to the Roman period have been made: in 1828 a Roman cremation and an inhumation were discovered, in 1967 part of a Roman road was excavated near Bereton school (now Baysgarth school), and other finds of coins, potteries, querns, and other Roman objects have been made.
St Peter's Church has a Saxon tower. An Anglo-Saxon inhumation cemetery at Castledyke South, in use from the late 5th or early 6th century until the late 7th century, was investigated and partially excavated 1975–90: the skeletal remains of 227 individuals were identified, including one who had undergone (and survived) trepanning. The church was reopened in May 2007 as a resource for medical research into the development of diseases, and ossuary, containing the bones and skeletons of some 2,750 people whose remains were removed between 1978 and 1984 from the 1,000-year-old burial site, after the Church of England made the church redundant in 1972. The significance of the human remains lies in their representing the pathology of an isolated community over the period ca. 950-ca. 1850. An excavation report on one of England's most extensively investigated parish church, including a volume on the human remains, was published in 2007.
Barton is mentioned as a Medieval borough in documents dating from 1086, 1216–1272 and 1298. A ferry to Hull was first recorded in 1086, and remained in operation until 1851, but this was superseded by a ferry at New Holland which began in 1820. The oldest residential building in Barton is 51 Fleetgate: it dates back to 1325 with the majority of the front of the building dating to 1425. The Medieval manor in Barton was Tyrwhitt Hall which dates to at least the 15th century.
There are two Medieval churches extant in Barton-upon-Humber, St Peter's and St Mary's, located only about 170 yards apart. St Peter's is a large, mostly Anglo-Saxon church and predates St Mary's — which may have originated as a chapel on the original market place, enlarged and increasing in importance as the town's trade thrived in the 12th and 13th centuries.
- William Hall's Barton Ropery opens in 1767.
- A Temperance Hall was opened in 1843 and latterly converted into the Assembly Rooms in 1906.
- The Wilderspin National School opened in 1844.
- The first public train arrived in Barton-upon-Humber on 1 March 1849; this fact is commemorated by a blue plaque at the modern train station.
- The Oddfellow's Hall was constructed in 1864. It latters served as Barton's first cinema, a roller skating rink, a dance hall during the Second World War, and as offices and private accommodations.
- In 1880 Frank Hopper started a bicycle repair business in a former blacksmith's shop in the town. He soon began manufacturing bicycles, and after buying the Elswick Cycle Company of Elswick, Northumberland in 1910, developed the renamed Elswick Hopper into a major manufacturer.
Baysgarth School, is a comprehensive school for ages 11–18 on Barrow Road. There are also three primary schools, St Peter's Church of England, on Marsh Lane; the Castledyke Primary School,(formerly Barton County School) on the B1218, and Bowmandale Primary School, in the south of the town.
Not long after the closure of the Kimberly Clark plant Wren Kitchens bought the site and moved to a new head office, 'The Nest', on the site. Wren Kitchens is one of the largest employers in the area.
An annual arts festival has been held in Barton-upon-Humber since 1998.
|Frank Barton||Footballer||b.1947||Born in Barton-upon-Humber|||
|Nancy Birtwhistle||Chef||Resident of Barton-upon-Humber||Winner of BBC TV show The Great British Bake Off|||
|Sean Bonney||Poet||Grew up in Barton-upon-Humber|||
|Jamie Cann||Politician||1946-2001||Born in Barton-upon-Humber||MP for Ipswich|||
|Ken H. Harrison||Comic book artist||b.1940||Drew Desperate Dan for the Dandy|||
|David George Hogarth||Archaeologist||1862-1927||Born in Barton-upon-Humber||Keeper of the Ashmolean Museum, Oxford from 1909 to 1927|||
|Thomas Johnson||Botanist and teacher||1863-1954||Born in Barton-upon-Humber|||
|Robert Elmer Kleason||Criminal||1934-2003||Resident of Barton-upon-Humber from 1990||American citizen who was convicted and sentenced to death in 1975 for the murder of two Mormon missionaries near Austin, Texas|||
|Ted Lewis||Author||1940-1982||Resident of Barton-upon-Humber after c.1945||Lewis's best known work was adapted as the film Get Carter|||
|Paddy Mills||Footballer||1900-1994||Grew up in Barton-upon-Humber|||
|Bob Oldridge||Footballer||b.1957||Born in Barton-upon-Humber|||
|Isaac Pitman||Teacher||1813-1897||Resident and teacher in Barton-upon-Humber from c.1831-1835||Inventor of the Pitman shorthand method|||
|Peter D. Robinson||Bishop||b.1969||Grew up in Barton-upon-Humber||Presiding Bishop of the United Episcopal Church of North America|||
|Gilbert Sissons||Priest||1870-1940||Born in Barton-upon-Humber||Archdeacon of Gibraltar from 1916 to 1929 and of Italy and the French Riviera from 1929 to 1934|||
|Henry Treece||Poet and writer||1911-1966||Resident of Barton-upon-Humber|||
|Chad Varah||Priest||1911-2007||Born in Barton-upon-Humber||Founder of the Samaritans and named after St Chad's Church on Waterside Road|||
|Samuel Wilderspin||Educator||1791-1866||Teacher in Barton-upon-Humber||Pioneer of infant education.|||
- Barton, Maryland, United States. The Reverend William Shaw of Barton-upon-Humber, a Methodist minister settled on the site of Barton, Maryland in 1794. His son, William Shaw Jr. laid out the town in 1853, naming it for his father's hometown.
- Humber Ferry
- UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Barton-upon-Humber Parish (1170211327)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 2 March 2018.
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- Drinkall, G.; Foreman, Martin & Welch, Martin G. (1998). The Anglo-Saxon cemetery at Castledyke South, Barton-on-Humber. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press. ISBN 9781850756439.
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- "51 Fleetgate". Barton Civic Society. Retrieved 3 December 2018.
- Varah, Hugh. "Visitors' Guide and History of Saint Mary's Church". The Parish Church of Saint Mary the Virgin. Retrieved 4 December 2013.
- "St Peter's Church, Barton-upon-Humber". English Heritage. Retrieved 4 December 2013.
- Historic England. "St Peter's Church (Grade I) (1083103)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 4 December 2013.
- Historic England. "St Mary's Church (Grade I) (1346773)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 4 December 2013.
- "History of the Assembly Rooms". Community Heritage Arts and Media Project. Retrieved 21 December 2018.
- Historic England. "FORMER NATIONAL SCHOOL (1252199)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 December 2018.
- "Barton Civic Society Plaques". Barton Civic Society. Retrieved 3 December 2018.
- Historic England, "Oddfellows Hall, Barton upon Humber (1083013)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 28 December 2018
- "Elswick Hopper". NorthLincs.com. Retrieved 4 August 2012.
- "Home". Baysgarth School. 2015. Retrieved 31 July 2015.
- "Home". Barton St Peter's Church of England Primary School. 2015. Retrieved 31 July 2015.
- "Home". Castledyke Primary School. 2015. Retrieved 31 July 2015.
- "Home". Bowmandale Primary School. Retrieved 18 February 2015.
- "Old Barton Grammar School". Barton Grammar School. Archived from the original on 16 July 2007. Retrieved 18 February 2015.
- "200-plus jobs go with Barton closure of Kimberly-Clark factory this Sunday". Scunthorpe Telegraph. Scunthorpe. 28 March 2013. Archived from the original on 3 June 2013. Retrieved 28 June 2013.
- "Baysgarth House Museum". Culture 24. Retrieved 16 November 2018.
- "Barton Arts: About". Retrieved 16 November 2018.
- "Last Surviving 'Wilderspin School' Saved And Restored". Culture24. 26 January 2009. Retrieved 21 December 2018.
- "Frank Barton". NASL-Jerseys. Retrieved 2 February 2019.
- "Frank Barton". Barry Hugman's Footballers, English Premier & Football League Players: Births & Deaths. Retrieved 2 February 2019.
- "Rise of a star baker leaves Nancy in demand". yorkshirepost. 10 December 2014. Retrieved 3 December 2018.
- "Jamie Cann". The Daily Telegraph. London: TMG. 16 October 2001. ISSN 0307-1235. OCLC 49632006. Retrieved 31 July 2015.
- Stokes, Paul (10 June 2000). "Former Death Row inmate lied to build up an arsenal". The Telegraph. Retrieved 2 February 2019.
- Chibnall, Steve; Murphy, Robert (1999). British crime cinema ([Online-Ausg.]. ed.). London: Routledge. p. 130. ISBN 0415168708.
- Russell, Rex C. (2002). The Later History of Barton-upon-Humber: Great changes in Barton 1793-1900 : enclosure, population, schools and Methodism. 3. Workers' Educational Association. p. 45f. ISBN 9780900959196.
- "The Most Rev. Peter D. Robinson". St. Paul's Anglican Church, Prescott, Arizona. 20 May 2011. Retrieved 31 July 2015.
- "Barton Civic Society Plaques - East Acridge House". Barton Civic Society. Retrieved 2 January 2019.
- "Obituary: The Reverend Chad Varah". BBC News. 8 November 2007. Retrieved 30 July 2011.
- Rusk, R. R. (1933). A History of Infant Education. University of London Press. pp. 172 ff.
- "Barton-upon-Humber conservation area appraisal" (PDF). North Lincolnshire Council. December 2004. Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 August 2014.
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|Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Barton-upon-Humber.|