Barton (village), Vermont

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Barton, Vermont
Village
Barton, Vermont is located in Vermont
Barton, Vermont
Barton, Vermont
Location within the state of Vermont
Coordinates: 44°44′52″N 72°10′33″W / 44.74778°N 72.17583°W / 44.74778; -72.17583Coordinates: 44°44′52″N 72°10′33″W / 44.74778°N 72.17583°W / 44.74778; -72.17583
Country United States
State Vermont
County Orleans
Area
 • Total 1.4 sq mi (3.7 km2)
 • Land 1.2 sq mi (3.2 km2)
 • Water 0.2 sq mi (0.5 km2)
Elevation 958 ft (292 m)
Population (2000)
 • Total 742
 • Density 594.8/sq mi (229.6/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 05822
Area code(s) 802
FIPS code 50-03475[1]
GNIS feature ID 1456281[2]

Barton is a village located near the center of the town of Barton, in Orleans County, Vermont, United States. The population was 742 at the 2000 census.

History[edit]

In the 19th century, the village was the economic center of the county.[3] Prior to incorporation, the village had been known as "Barton Mills."[4]

Tourists from Boston and New York arrived by train and could register in one of three major hotels.[3]

The village was incorporated on November 21, 1874.[5]

Fire permanently reshaped the village, starting with the 1883 destruction of the building on the site now occupied by the Pierce Building. The hotels were destroyed, mostly by fire, in 1967 and 1971.[3]

The Pierce Block was built in 1885 and is still being used for commercial purposes, one of the few business buildings to survive the multitude of fires that the village has experienced.[6]

In 1889, a waterworks was constructed using May Pond. Presumably sewage disposal was constructed concurrently.[7]

In 1895, the village constructed a hydroelectric plant on the Clyde River in West Charleston.[7]

An Indian burial ground was discovered during the excavation for the new Barton Academy in 1907. There is no record of what happened to those artifacts.[8]

In 1907, a ballpark with 200 seats in the grandstand was constructed at the corner of Park and Elm Streets. A professional village team played there and won the professional state championship over rival Orleans in 1908.[9]

There was heavy flooding in 1927 which severely damaged the village.[4]

A fire on August 11, 1938, destroyed three business blocks. The fire ruined any hope of an industrial revival. The Orleans County Monitor commented that it dealt an "irreparable injury to a community struggling to maintain its position as a secondary business and trade center in Vermont."[10]

Fires consumed buildings housing a butter tub factory (2 fires prior to 1916), the Opera House (1929), a cheese factory (1954), and the Monitor building (1968).[3]

In the late 1970s, the federal and state governments stopped the village from dumping raw sewage into the Barton River. Barton's new treatment plant cost $3.6 million, 90% of which was paid for by state and federal governments. The village was not able to separate out its old storm sewers from the sewage system. This has caused subsequent problems during rainstorms.[11]

The village contains three places on the National Register of Historic Places:

  1. Crystal Lake Falls Historic District (August 7, 1994)
  2. Crystal Lake State Park listed August 30, 2005
  3. King Block — 117 High Street (added 20 July 2002)

An article in the local paper inventoried businesses that had been closed with no expectation of reopening, these included 7 gas stations, an automobile franchise, and two restaurants. One of the problems it cited was the highest water and sewage rates in the county.[12]

Government[edit]

In 2009, the village spent $474,557 on village operations alone, not including solely owned utilities.[13]

  • Chairman, Board of Trustees - Nathan Sicard
  • Trustee - Justin Barton-Caplin
  • Trustee - Cathy Swain
  • Electric Manager/Engineer - Evan Riordan
  • DPW Foreman - Andrew Sicard

In 2008, the village voted to eliminate the position of auditor since this was performed by an outside auditor.

Barton Fire Department (all officers are elected by the village voters):

  • Chief Engineer (Fire Chief) - David Claeys
  • First Assistant Engineer - Mike Pion
  • Second Assistant Engineer - Richard Secard

Water system[edit]

The village maintains its own water system, obtaining water from Pensioner Pond (in Charleston), with 170 acres (0.69 km2), May Pond with 116 acres (0.47 km2), and the Barton Reservoir.[14] The system serves 370 customers.[15] Water rates are $10.61/1,000 US gallons (3,785 l); sewer rates are $16.90/1,000 US gallons (3,785 l).[16] The rates are higher than surrounding towns because of the use of ground water rather than a well.[17]

In 2013, a user consuming 2,000 US gallons (7,600 l; 1,700 imp gal) of water monthly would pay about 3 cents per gallon.[18]

In 2010, the village received two grants totaling over $3.3 million, and two loans totaling over $1 million to upgrade its sewer and storm drainage system.[19]

The 2010 budget for the water department was $214,348. The budget for the waste water department was $318,657.[20]

Estimated annual consumption of water for 2015 ranged from 15,500 to 17,700 cubic feet (440 to 500 m3) for 284 current users.[21]

Education[edit]

The village and surrounding area supports a graded school. In 2005, there were 171 students. 57.9% get free or reduced lunch.[22] The effective spending per pupil was $11,197 in 2008. The average in Vermont was $11,548.[23]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 1.4 square miles (3.7 km2), of which 1.2 square miles (3.2 km2) is land and 0.2 square mile (0.5 km2) (12.59%) is water.

Barton owns Pageant Park on Crystal Lake. This was briefly closed in May 2007 until late June 2007.[24]

Demographics[edit]

Report looks at wells for Barton
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1880 742 —    
1890 778 +0.47%
1900 1,050 +3.04%
1910 1,330 +2.39%
1920 1,187 −1.13%
1930 1,363 +1.39%
1940 1,262 −0.77%
1950 1,267 +0.04%
1960 1,169 −0.80%
1970 1,057 −1.00%
1980 1,062 +0.05%
1990 908 −1.55%
2000 742 −2.00%
2005 756 +0.37%
2010 737 −0.51%
2014 708 −1.00%
Source:
U.S. Decennial Census[25]

Barton has lost 45% of its population since 1940, dropping from the largest village in Orleans County, to third.

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were residing in the village:

  • 742 people
  • 347 households, and
  • 193 families .

The population density was 594.8/sq mi (229.2/km2).

There were 465 housing units at an average density of 372.7/sq mi (143.6/km2).

The racial makeup of the village was:

There were 347 households out of which

  • 44.1% were non-families
  • 39.5% were married couples living together
  • 38.3% of all households were made up of individuals
  • 27.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them,
  • 23.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older
  • 12.1% had a female householder with no husband present

The average household size was 2.14 and the average family size was 2.81.

In the village, the population was evenly spread out with

  • 23.5% under the age of 18 (18 year spread)
  • 8.0% from 18 to 24 (7 year spread)
  • 25.6% from 25 to 44 (20 year spread)
  • 22.4% from 45 to 64 (20 year spread)
  • 20.6% who were 65 years of age or older

The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 82.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.1 males.

Economy[edit]

Personal Income[edit]

The median income:

  • per family - $32,625
  • Males - $27,115
  • per household - $21,607
  • Females - $18,750

The per capita income for the village was $13,670.

Income below the poverty line:

  • Under age 18 - 39.0%
  • Older than 64 - 23.7%
  • Total Population - 23.2%
  • Families - 17.8%

Tourism[edit]

A golf course near the village has been rated by a golfing magazine as one of the "30 best deals" in the country. The 18-hole 5,697 yards (5,209 m) course costs $349/year to join.[26]

Utilities and Communication[edit]

Cellphone[edit]

Barton Village receives Verizon, and AT&T Mobility (TDMA and GSM)

Electricity[edit]

Barton Village owns Barton Electric which generates some of its power hydroelectrically and serves not only the village but a large portion of the village side of Barton town, plus West Charleston, North Sutton and much of Westmore. It services 2100 customers.[27][28][29] It owns two turbines on the Clyde River in West Charleston.[30]

Projected expenses for 2010 were $2,741,582.[13]

Culture[edit]

A sugar on snow party is held each year on the Village Green, the fourth Saturday in July.[6]

Library[edit]

Barton has a library which is open 19 hours a week over four days. It is a non-profit corporation. While the library is self-supporting with separate trustees, it does receive a grant from the town. Its operating income is $42,242. It contains 18,000 books and 35 serial subscriptions.[31] One librarians is a paid professional. The assistants are all volunteers.

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ a b c d Trail, Elizabeth (August 17, 2016). "Barton shaped by historic fires". The Chronicle. Barton, Vermont. pp. 1B. 
  4. ^ a b [1]
  5. ^ "Northeast Kingdom". Barton, Vermont Town History. Archived from the original on 31 December 2006. Retrieved 2006-12-07. 
  6. ^ a b Discover the Barton Area. Barton Area Chamber of Commerce,undated, referenced February 2007
  7. ^ a b Young, Darlene (1998). A history of Barton Vermont. Crystal Lake Falls Historical Association. 
  8. ^ Taylor, Dan (December 2009). "Barton Academy and Graded School - A Village Icon Enters Its Second Century". Vermont's Northland Journal. 8 (9): 15–19. 
  9. ^ Taylor, Dan (May 2009). "Barton Believables". Vermont's Northland Journal. 8 (2): 4–9. 
  10. ^ Taylor, Dan (September 2008). "70th Anniversary of the Fire of 1938". Derby, Vermont: Northland Journal. pp. 8–11. 
  11. ^ Chris Braithwaite (August 27, 2008). Editorial:The grim arithmetic of village utilities - Part 2. the Chronicle. 
  12. ^ Starr, Tena (January 8, 2014). "Commercial vacancies blight Barton Village". The Chronicle. Barton, Vermont. pp. 1A. 
  13. ^ a b Braithwait, Chris (10 February 2010). "Electric department budget shows $78,776 deficit". Barton, Vermont: the Chronicle. p. 11. 
  14. ^ [2] retrieved June 23, 2008
  15. ^ Braithwaite, Chris, ed. (July 30, 2008). The grim arithmetic of village utilities. the Chronicle. 
  16. ^ Braithwaite, Chris (July 30, 2008). Midyear rate hike particularly hard on businesses. the Chronicle. 
  17. ^ Trail, Elizabeth (December 16, 2015). "Barton trustees set water rate meeting for Dec. 28". The Chronicle. Barton, Vermont. pp. 1A. 
  18. ^ Braithwaite, Chris (April 24, 2013). "Water woes come to the surface". The Chronicle. Barton, Vermont. pp. 1A. 
  19. ^ "Barton Village, Troy receive funding for water projects". Barton, Vermont: the Chronicle. 3 February 2010. p. 29. 
  20. ^ Gresser, Richard (March 17, 2010). "David White elected, budgets approved". Barton, Vermont: the Chronicle. p. 21. 
  21. ^ Braithwaite, Chris (May 15, 2013). "After thorough discussion, water rates will rise". Barton, Vermont: the Chronicle. p. 3. 
  22. ^ [3]
  23. ^ About Your 2008 School Taxes flyer sent with real estate bills
  24. ^ Creaser, Richard (May 30, 2007). Pageant Park locks its gates. the Chronicle. 
  25. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  26. ^ Barton golf course cited as "best deal". the Chronicle. September 24, 2008. 
  27. ^ Electric Utilities List : Electric : Vermont Department of Public Service
  28. ^ "Customers" refers to number of hookups, not individuals
  29. ^ http://www3.digitalfrontier.com/essential_wc5/vppsa/uploads/PubPowPres.pdf
  30. ^ "Offer to buy power plant gets cool reception". the chronicle. Barton, Vermont. January 23, 2013. pp. 12A. 
  31. ^ Barton, Vermont (VT) Detailed Profile