Barton Hall (Alabama)
HABS photo of Barton Hall, taken in 1935.
|Location||west of Cherokee, Alabama|
|Area||4 acres (1.6 ha)|
|Architectural style||Greek Revival|
|NRHP reference #||73000337|
|Added to NRHP||November 7, 1973|
|Designated NHL||November 7, 1973|
Barton Hall, also known as the Cunningham Plantation, is an antebellum plantation house near present-day Cherokee, Alabama. Built in 1840, it is a stylistically rare example of Greek Revival architecture in Alabama, with elements of late Federal period elements. The house was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1973 for its architecture.
Description and history
Barton Hall is located in a rural setting about 4.0 miles (6.4 km) west of the town of Cherokee and 0.5 miles (0.80 km) south of United States Route 72. It is set on 4 acres (1.6 ha) of land, accessed via an elliptical drive from Cedar Lane. The house is a 2-1/2 story wood frame structure, with a clapboarded exterior, and a truncated hip roof topped by a belvedere. Single-story gable-roofed wings extend to the rear. The main facade is five bays wide, with a symmetrical arrangement of windows around the central entrance. The central bay is set off from the others by fluted pilasters, which also appear at the building corners. The entrance is sheltered by a deep porch supported by fluted Doric columns, and featuring Doric triglyphs in its cornce. The porch is topped by a balcony accessed via second-story entrance stylistically similar to the main entrance below. The entrance is flanked by sidelight windows and topped by a transom window and eared architrave.
Period interior features include a unique stairway, which ascends in a series of double flights and bridge-like landings to an observatory on the rooftop that offers views of the plantation.
In 1840, Armstead Barton, a native of Tennessee, moved to the area, and purchased 40,000 acres (16,000 ha), on which he began construction of this house. The house remained unfinished at the time of his death in 1847, and it was completed two years later under his widow's supervision. The property was sold out of the Barton family in 1908; in 1967 a Barton descendant repurchased the house.
In November 2008, the noted photographer Charles Moore took his final documented images on this property. The home continues to be privately owned and occupied, and it is not open to the public.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Barton Hall.|
- List of National Historic Landmarks in Alabama
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Colbert County, Alabama
- "Barton Hall". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. 2007-09-27. Archived from the original on 2008-04-03.
- W. Warner Floyd (1973-05-02). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: Barton Hall / Cunningham Plantation" (pdf). National Park Service. Cite journal requires
|journal=(help) and Accompanying 3 photos, exterior, undated (1.24 MB)
- Historic American Buildings Survey (HABS) No. AL-337, "Cunningham Plantation, Old Memphis Road (Gaines Trace Road), Cherokee, Colbert County, AL", 31 photos, 14 measured drawings, 3 photo caption pages