Market Place, Barton-upon-Humber
|Barton-upon-Humber shown within Lincolnshire|
|OS grid reference|
|• London||150 mi (240 km) S|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||Yorkshire and the Humber|
Barton-upon-Humber or Barton is a town and civil parish in North Lincolnshire, England. The population at the 2011 census was 11,066. It is situated on the south bank of the Humber Estuary at the southern end of the Humber Bridge. It is 46 miles (74 km) east of Leeds, 6 miles (10 km) south-west of Hull and 31 miles (50 km) north north-east of the county town of Lincoln. Other nearby towns include Scunthorpe to the south-west and Grimsby to the south-east.
The Barton – Cleethorpes Branch Line (opened 1849) via Grimsby terminates at Barton-on-Humber railway station. The A15 passes to the west of the town cutting through Beacon Hill, and has a junction with the A1077 Ferriby Road to South Ferriby. The B1218 passes north-south through the town, and leads to Barton Waterside. Kimberly-Clark had a factory on Falkland Way close to the railway, known the Barton Plant; this area is known as the Humber Bridge Industrial Estate.
St Peter's Church has a Saxon tower. An Anglo-Saxon inhumation cemetery at Castledyke South, in use from the late 5th or early 6th century until the late 7th century, was investigated and partially excavated 1975–90: the skeletal remains of 227 individuals were identified, including one who had undergone (and survived) trepanning. The church was reopened in May 2007 as a resource for medical research into the development of diseases, and ossuary, containing the bones and skeletons of some 2,750 people whose remains were removed between 1978 and 1984 from the 1,000-year-old burial site, after the Church of England made the church redundant in 1972. The significance of the human remains lies in their representing the pathology of an isolated community over the period ca. 950-ca. 1850. An excavation report on one of England's most extensively investigated parish church, including a volume on the human remains, was published in 2007.
In 1880 Frank Hopper started a bicycle repair business in a former blacksmith's shop in the town. He soon began manufacturing bicycles, and after buying the Elswick Cycle Company of Elswick, Northumberland in 1910, and developed the renamed Elswick Hopper into a major manufacturer. Listed on the London Stock Exchange from 1930, the company had expanded into a diverse engineering, manufacturing and distribution conglomerate by the late 1970s. After moving residual UK bicycle manufacture to Brigg in the late 1980s, the now renamed Falcon Cycles division was sold to investors in the early 1990s. Elswick plc itself was sold in 1994, at which point it closed its offices in the town. The former head office at the junction of Brigg Road and Holydyke was converted into flats in 2006.
Barton Racing Pigeon Club was formed around 1971.
There are two churches in Barton-upon-Humber, St Peter's and St Mary's, located only about 170 yards apart. St Peter's is a large, mostly Anglo-Saxon church and predates St Mary's — which may have originated as a chapel on the original market place, enlarged and increasing in importance as the town's trade thrived in the 12th and 13th centuries.
Baysgarth School, is a comprehensive school for ages 11–18 on Barrow Road. There are also three primary schools, St Peter's Church of England, on Marsh Lane; the Castledyke Primary School,(formerly Barton County School) on the B1218, and Bowmandale Primary School, in the south of the town.
Not long after the closure of the Kimberly Clark plant Wren Kitchens bought the site and moved to a new head office, 'The Nest', on the site. Wren Kitchens are one of the biggest employers in the area.
- Frank Barton, footballer, born in Barton-upon-Humber
- Nancy Birtwhistle, winner of BBC TV show The Great British Bake Off
- Sean Bonney, poet, grew up in Barton-upon-Humber
- Jamie Cann (1992–2001), MP for Ipswich, born in Barton-upon-Humber
- Ken H. Harrison, cartoon artist who drew Desperate Dan
- Paul Hayes, footballer
- David George Hogarth, archaeologist and scholar
- Robert Elmer Kleason, convicted murderer from Austin, Texas. The book Evil Among Us: The Texas Mormon Missionary Murders is written about him. Resided in Barton in 1990.
- Ted Lewis, crime author whose best known work was adapted as the film Get Carter
- Isaac Pitman, inventor of the Pitman shorthand method.
- Peter D. Robinson (b. 1969), Presiding Bishop of the United Episcopal Church of North America grew up in Barton-upon-Humber and was educated at Baysgarth School
- Chad Varah, founder of the Samaritans was born in Barton-upon-Humber and named after St Chad's Church on Waterside Road. His father, William Edward Varah, was the vicar of St. Chad's Church.
- Samuel Wilderspin, pioneer of infant education.
- Vanessa Winship, photographer
- Barton, Maryland, United States. The Reverend William Shaw of Barton-upon-Humber, a Methodist minister settled on the site of Barton, Maryland in 1794. His son, William Shaw Jr. laid out the town in 1853, naming it for his father's hometown.
- Humber Ferry
- "Town population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 19 April 2016.
- "Recreational Route: East Midlands — Viking Way". Ramblers.org. Retrieved 30 July 2007.
- Drinkall, G.; Foreman, Martin & Welch, Martin G. (1998). The Anglo-Saxon cemetery at Castledyke South, Barton-on-Humber. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press. ISBN 9781850756439.
- "Church finds there's life in the old bones yet". Ekklesia and Ecumenical News International. Retrieved 18 August 2007.
- "Skeleton collection goes on show". BBC News. London: BBC. 24 May 2007. Retrieved 31 July 2015.
- "Reburial for Anglo Saxon remains". BBC News. London: BBC. 7 March 2008. Retrieved 31 July 2015.
- Rodwell, Warwick (2007). St Peter's, Barton-upon-Humber, Lincolnshire : A Parish Church and its Community. Volume 1, History, archaeology and architecture. Oxford: Oxbow. ISBN 9781842173251.
- Waldron, Tony; Rodwell, Warwick (2007). St Peter's Barton-upon-Humber, Lincolnshire Volume 2, The human remains. Oxford: Oxbow. ISBN 9781842173251.
- Varah, Hugh. "Visitors' Guide and History of Saint Mary's Church". The Parish Church of Saint Mary the Virgin. Retrieved 4 December 2013.
- "St Peter's Church, Barton-upon-Humber". English Heritage. Retrieved 4 December 2013.
- Historic England. "St Peter's Church (Grade I) (1083103)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 4 December 2013.
- Historic England. "St Mary's Church (Grade I) (1346773)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 4 December 2013.
- "Home". Baysgarth School. 2015. Retrieved 31 July 2015.
- "Home". Barton St Peter's Church of England Primary School. 2015. Retrieved 31 July 2015.
- "Home". Castledyke Primary School. 2015. Retrieved 31 July 2015.
- "Home". Bowmandale Primary School. Retrieved 18 February 2015.
- "Old Barton Grammar School". Barton Grammar School. Archived from the original on 16 July 2007. Retrieved 18 February 2015.
- "200-plus jobs go with Barton closure of Kimberly-Clark factory this Sunday". Scunthorpe Telegraph. Scunthorpe. 28 March 2013. Retrieved 28 June 2013.
- "Jamie Cann". The Daily Telegraph. London: TMG. 16 October 2001. ISSN 0307-1235. OCLC 49632006. Retrieved 31 July 2015.
- Chibnall, Steve; Murphy, Robert (1999). British crime cinema ([Online-Ausg.]. ed.). London: Routledge. p. 130. ISBN 0415168708.
- Russell, Rex C. (2002). The Later History of Barton-upon-Humber: Great changes in Barton 1793-1900 : enclosure, population, schools and Methodism. 3. Workers' Educational Association. p. 45f. ISBN 9780900959196.
- "The Most Rev. Peter D. Robinson". St. Paul's Anglican Church, Prescott, Arizona. 20 May 2011. Retrieved 31 July 2015.
- "Obituary: The Reverend Chad Varah". BBC News. 8 November 2007. Retrieved 30 July 2011.
- Rusk, R. R. (1933). A History of Infant Education. University of London Press. pp. 172 ff.
- "A world-renowned photographer has returned to North Lincolnshire to capture a picture-perfect portrait". Scunthorpe Telegraph. 2 February 2011. Retrieved 31 July 2015.
- Jobey, Liz (10 May 2013). "Looking for America". The Financial Times. Retrieved 31 July 2015.
- "Barton-upon-Humber conservation area appraisal" (PDF). North Lincolnshire Council. December 2004. Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 August 2014.
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|Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Barton-upon-Humber.|