Barton-upon-Humber

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Barton-upon-Humber
Marketplace - Barton Upon Humber.jpg
Market Place, Barton-upon-Humber
Barton-upon-Humber is located in Lincolnshire
Barton-upon-Humber
Barton-upon-Humber
Location within Lincolnshire
Population11,066 (2011 Census)[1]
OS grid referenceTA030221
• London150 mi (240 km) S
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townBARTON-UPON-HUMBER
Postcode districtDN18
Dialling code01652
PoliceHumberside
FireHumberside
AmbulanceEast Midlands
EU ParliamentYorkshire and the Humber
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Lincolnshire
53°41′00″N 0°27′00″W / 53.6833°N 0.4500°W / 53.6833; -0.4500Coordinates: 53°41′00″N 0°27′00″W / 53.6833°N 0.4500°W / 53.6833; -0.4500

Barton-upon-Humber or Barton is a town and civil parish in North Lincolnshire, England. The population at the 2011 census was 11,066.[1] It is situated on the south bank of the Humber Estuary at the southern end of the Humber Bridge. It is 46 miles (74 km) east of Leeds, 6 miles (10 km) south-west of Hull and 31 miles (50 km) north north-east of the county town of Lincoln. Other nearby towns include Scunthorpe to the south-west and Grimsby to the south-east.

Geography[edit]

The Barton – Cleethorpes Branch Line (opened 1849) via Grimsby terminates at Barton-on-Humber railway station. The A15 passes to the west of the town cutting through Beacon Hill, and has a junction with the A1077 Ferriby Road to South Ferriby. The B1218 passes north-south through the town, and leads to Barton Waterside. Kimberly-Clark had a factory on Falkland Way close to the railway, known the Barton Plant; this area is known as the Humber Bridge Industrial Estate. The factory is now operating as part of Wren Kitchens

Barton is on the south bank of the Humber Estuary and is at the southern end of the Humber Bridge. The Viking Way starts near the bridge.[2]

History[edit]

Prehistoric[edit]

Cropmarks and the discovery of polished handaxes in the area surrounding Barton-upon-Humber suggest that the area was inhabited at least as far back as the Neolithic (circa 4000 to circa 2,500 BCE).[3][4]

Roman[edit]

No Roman settlement has been found in Barton-upon-Humber, though individual discoveries dating to the Roman period have been made: in 1828 a Roman cremation and an inhumation were discovered,[5] in 1967 part of a Roman road was excavated near Bereton school (now Baysgarth school),[6] and other finds of coins, potteries, querns, and other Roman objects have been made.[7][8][9]

Anglo-Saxon[edit]

Church of St Peter Barton-upon-Humber.

St Peter's Church has a Saxon tower. An Anglo-Saxon inhumation cemetery at Castledyke South, in use from the late 5th or early 6th century until the late 7th century, was investigated and partially excavated 1975–90: the skeletal remains of 227 individuals were identified, including one who had undergone (and survived) trepanning.[10] The church was reopened in May 2007 as a resource for medical research into the development of diseases, and ossuary, containing the bones and skeletons of some 2,750 people whose remains were removed between 1978 and 1984 from the 1,000-year-old burial site, after the Church of England made the church redundant in 1972.[11][12][13] The significance of the human remains lies in their representing the pathology of an isolated community over the period ca. 950-ca. 1850. An excavation report on one of England's most extensively investigated parish church, including a volume on the human remains, was published in 2007.[14][15]

Medieval[edit]

Barton is mentioned as a Medieval borough in documents dating from 1086, 1216–1272 and 1298.[16] A ferry to Hull was first recorded in 1086,[17] and remained in operation until 1851, but this was superseded by a ferry at New Holland which began in 1820.[citation needed] The oldest residential building in Barton is 51 Fleetgate: it dates back to 1325 with the majority of the front of the building dating to 1425.[18] The Medieval manor in Barton was Tyrwhitt Hall which dates to at least the 15th century.

Churches[edit]

There are two Medieval churches extant in Barton-upon-Humber, St Peter's and St Mary's, located only about 170 yards apart. St Peter's is a large, mostly Anglo-Saxon church and predates St Mary's — which may have originated as a chapel on the original market place, enlarged and increasing in importance as the town's trade thrived in the 12th and 13th centuries.[19][20][21][22]

18th century[edit]

19th century[edit]

The former head office of Elswick Hopper under conversion into flats (2006)

Education[edit]

Baysgarth School,[28] is a comprehensive school for ages 11–18 on Barrow Road. There are also three primary schools, St Peter's Church of England, on Marsh Lane;[29] the Castledyke Primary School,[30](formerly Barton County School) on the B1218, and Bowmandale Primary School,[31] in the south of the town.

Barton Grammar School,[32] which opened in 1931, used to be on Caistor Road. Henry Treece, the poet and author, was a teacher at the grammar school.[citation needed]

Industry[edit]

For 20 years, Barton-upon-Humber was home to a 750,000 square foot site for Kimberly-Clark. The site closed in March 2013 and more than 200 jobs were lost.[33]

Not long after the closure of the Kimberly Clark plant Wren Kitchens bought the site and moved to a new head office, 'The Nest', on the site. Wren Kitchens is one of the largest employers in the area.

Culture[edit]

Since 1981, there has been a local history museum based in Baysgarth House, within Baysgarth Park.[34]

An annual arts festival has been held in Barton-upon-Humber since 1998.[35]

In 2009, the Wilderspin National School museum opened following a £1.9 million funding investment. The school focuses on the life and works of Samuel Wilderspin.[36]

Notable people[edit]

Notable people associated with Barton-upon-Humber
Name Image Occupation Dates Barton status Comments Reference
Frank Barton Footballer b.1947 Born in Barton-upon-Humber [37][38]
Nancy Birtwhistle Chef Resident of Barton-upon-Humber Winner of BBC TV show The Great British Bake Off [39]
Sean Bonney Sean Bonney 2016 04.jpg Poet Grew up in Barton-upon-Humber [citation needed]
Jamie Cann Politician 1946-2001 Born in Barton-upon-Humber MP for Ipswich [40]
Ken H. Harrison Comic book artist b.1940 Drew Desperate Dan for the Dandy [citation needed]
David George Hogarth T.E. Lawrence; D.G. Hogarth; Lt. Col. Dawnay (Hogarth cropped).jpg Archaeologist 1862-1927 Born in Barton-upon-Humber Keeper of the Ashmolean Museum, Oxford from 1909 to 1927 [citation needed]
Thomas Johnson Botanist and teacher 1863-1954 Born in Barton-upon-Humber [citation needed]
Robert Elmer Kleason Criminal 1934-2003 Resident of Barton-upon-Humber from 1990 American citizen who was convicted and sentenced to death in 1975 for the murder of two Mormon missionaries near Austin, Texas [41]
Ted Lewis Author 1940-1982 Resident of Barton-upon-Humber after c.1945 Lewis's best known work was adapted as the film Get Carter[42] [citation needed]
Paddy Mills Footballer 1900-1994 Grew up in Barton-upon-Humber [citation needed]
Bob Oldridge Footballer b.1957 Born in Barton-upon-Humber [citation needed]
Isaac Pitman Isaac Pitman.jpg Teacher 1813-1897 Resident and teacher in Barton-upon-Humber from c.1831-1835 Inventor of the Pitman shorthand method [43]
Peter D. Robinson Bishop b.1969 Grew up in Barton-upon-Humber Presiding Bishop of the United Episcopal Church of North America [44]
Gilbert Sissons Priest 1870-1940 Born in Barton-upon-Humber Archdeacon of Gibraltar from 1916 to 1929 and of Italy and the French Riviera from 1929 to 1934 [citation needed]
Henry Treece Poet and writer 1911-1966 Resident of Barton-upon-Humber [45]
Chad Varah Priest 1911-2007 Born in Barton-upon-Humber Founder of the Samaritans and named after St Chad's Church on Waterside Road [46]
Samuel Wilderspin Samuel Wilderspin Payne.jpg Educator 1791-1866 Teacher in Barton-upon-Humber Pioneer of infant education. [47]

See also[edit]

  • Barton, Maryland, United States. The Reverend William Shaw of Barton-upon-Humber, a Methodist minister settled on the site of Barton, Maryland in 1794. His son, William Shaw Jr. laid out the town in 1853, naming it for his father's hometown.
  • Humber Ferry

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Barton-upon-Humber Parish (1170211327)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 2 March 2018.
  2. ^ "Recreational Route: East Midlands — Viking Way". Ramblers.org. Archived from the original on 14 August 2007. Retrieved 30 July 2007.
  3. ^ Historic England. "Monument No. 1335424". PastScape. Retrieved 16 November 2018.
  4. ^ Historic England. "Monument No. 79007". PastScape. Retrieved 16 November 2018.
  5. ^ Historic England. "Monument No. 78999". PastScape. Retrieved 16 November 2018.
  6. ^ Historic England. "Monument No. 79051". PastScape. Retrieved 16 November 2018.
  7. ^ Historic England. "Monument No. 79016". PastScape. Retrieved 16 November 2018.
  8. ^ Historic England. "Monument No. 79010". PastScape. Retrieved 16 November 2018.
  9. ^ Historic England. "Monument No. 79054". PastScape. Retrieved 16 November 2018.
  10. ^ Drinkall, G.; Foreman, Martin & Welch, Martin G. (1998). The Anglo-Saxon cemetery at Castledyke South, Barton-on-Humber. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press. ISBN 9781850756439.
  11. ^ "Church finds there's life in the old bones yet". Ekklesia and Ecumenical News International. Retrieved 18 August 2007.
  12. ^ "Skeleton collection goes on show". BBC News. London: BBC. 24 May 2007. Retrieved 31 July 2015.
  13. ^ "Reburial for Anglo Saxon remains". BBC News. London: BBC. 7 March 2008. Retrieved 31 July 2015.
  14. ^ Rodwell, Warwick (2007). St Peter's, Barton-upon-Humber, Lincolnshire : A Parish Church and its Community. Volume 1, History, archaeology and architecture. Oxford: Oxbow. ISBN 9781842173251.
  15. ^ Waldron, Tony; Rodwell, Warwick (2007). St Peter's Barton-upon-Humber, Lincolnshire Volume 2, The human remains. Oxford: Oxbow. ISBN 9781842173251.
  16. ^ Historic England. "BARTON-UPON HUMBER (922063)". PastScape. Retrieved 16 November 2018.
  17. ^ Historic England. "THE BARTON FERRY (79005)". PastScape. Retrieved 16 November 2018.
  18. ^ "51 Fleetgate". Barton Civic Society. Retrieved 3 December 2018.
  19. ^ Varah, Hugh. "Visitors' Guide and History of Saint Mary's Church". The Parish Church of Saint Mary the Virgin. Retrieved 4 December 2013.
  20. ^ "St Peter's Church, Barton-upon-Humber". English Heritage. Retrieved 4 December 2013.
  21. ^ Historic England. "St Peter's Church  (Grade I) (1083103)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 4 December 2013.
  22. ^ Historic England. "St Mary's Church  (Grade I) (1346773)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 4 December 2013.
  23. ^ "History of the Assembly Rooms". Community Heritage Arts and Media Project. Retrieved 21 December 2018.
  24. ^ Historic England. "FORMER NATIONAL SCHOOL (1252199)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 December 2018.
  25. ^ "Barton Civic Society Plaques". Barton Civic Society. Retrieved 3 December 2018.
  26. ^ Historic England, "Oddfellows Hall, Barton upon Humber (1083013)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 28 December 2018
  27. ^ "Elswick Hopper". NorthLincs.com. Retrieved 4 August 2012.
  28. ^ "Home". Baysgarth School. 2015. Retrieved 31 July 2015.
  29. ^ "Home". Barton St Peter's Church of England Primary School. 2015. Retrieved 31 July 2015.
  30. ^ "Home". Castledyke Primary School. 2015. Retrieved 31 July 2015.
  31. ^ "Home". Bowmandale Primary School. Retrieved 18 February 2015.
  32. ^ "Old Barton Grammar School". Barton Grammar School. Archived from the original on 16 July 2007. Retrieved 18 February 2015.
  33. ^ "200-plus jobs go with Barton closure of Kimberly-Clark factory this Sunday". Scunthorpe Telegraph. Scunthorpe. 28 March 2013. Archived from the original on 3 June 2013. Retrieved 28 June 2013.
  34. ^ "Baysgarth House Museum". Culture 24. Retrieved 16 November 2018.
  35. ^ "Barton Arts: About". Retrieved 16 November 2018.
  36. ^ "Last Surviving 'Wilderspin School' Saved And Restored". Culture24. 26 January 2009. Retrieved 21 December 2018.
  37. ^ "Frank Barton". NASL-Jerseys. Retrieved 2 February 2019.
  38. ^ "Frank Barton". Barry Hugman's Footballers, English Premier & Football League Players: Births & Deaths. Retrieved 2 February 2019.
  39. ^ "Rise of a star baker leaves Nancy in demand". yorkshirepost. 10 December 2014. Retrieved 3 December 2018.
  40. ^ "Jamie Cann". The Daily Telegraph. London: TMG. 16 October 2001. ISSN 0307-1235. OCLC 49632006. Retrieved 31 July 2015.
  41. ^ Stokes, Paul (10 June 2000). "Former Death Row inmate lied to build up an arsenal". The Telegraph. Retrieved 2 February 2019.
  42. ^ Chibnall, Steve; Murphy, Robert (1999). British crime cinema ([Online-Ausg.]. ed.). London: Routledge. p. 130. ISBN 0415168708.
  43. ^ Russell, Rex C. (2002). The Later History of Barton-upon-Humber: Great changes in Barton 1793-1900 : enclosure, population, schools and Methodism. 3. Workers' Educational Association. p. 45f. ISBN 9780900959196.
  44. ^ "The Most Rev. Peter D. Robinson". St. Paul's Anglican Church, Prescott, Arizona. 20 May 2011. Retrieved 31 July 2015.
  45. ^ "Barton Civic Society Plaques - East Acridge House". Barton Civic Society. Retrieved 2 January 2019.
  46. ^ "Obituary: The Reverend Chad Varah". BBC News. 8 November 2007. Retrieved 30 July 2011.
  47. ^ Rusk, R. R. (1933). A History of Infant Education. University of London Press. pp. 172 ff.

Further information[edit]

External links[edit]