Bartsia

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Bartsia
Bartsia alpina a3.jpg
Bartsia alpina
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Lamiales
Family: Orobanchaceae
Tribe: Rhinantheae
Genus: Bartsia
L.

Bartsia is a genus of flowering plants in the broomrape family, Orobanchaceae.

Bartsia grows in damp places, such as marshes and wet meadows, in several parts of the west of England and Wales and in southwest Scotland.[1]

In Manitoba, Canada, the plant known as red bartsia (Odontites vernus, previously classified as Bartsia odontites) is considered a weed.[2]

Etymology[edit]

Bartsia was named after Johann Bartsch (Latinized as Johannes Bartsius, 1709-1738), a botanist of Königsberg. The plant was named for him by his associate Carl Linnaeus.

Classification[edit]

In 1990, the genus was revised to contain 49 species; 45 of them are endemic to the Andes.[3] The most familiar species might be the well-studied Bartsia alpina, which has a circumboreal distribution, occurring throughout northern regions of the Northern Hemisphere.[4] There are also two African species. These two plants, B. alpina, and the many Andean species are three distinct lineages, making the genus polyphyletic.[5] Accepted species names include:[6]

Selected species[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pratt, Anne (1899). The Flowering Plants, Grasses, Sedges,& Ferns of Great Britain and Their Allies, the Club Mosses, Horsetails, Etc. London: F. Warne. p. 26. 
  2. ^ Manitoba. "How To Control Red Bartsia". manitoba.ca. Retrieved December 6, 2015. Red bartsia (Odontites serotina) is a weed of hayland, pastures and roadsides which appeared in the Interlake region of Manitoba in the 1950s... The weed apparently was introduced into the area in crates which were shipped from West Germany into the Canadian Armed Forces Base at Gimli. The infestation started on the base and spread into surrounding farmland by way of mowed hay from red bartsia infested areas along the edges of runways. 
  3. ^ Molau, V. (1990). The genus Bartsia (Scrophulariaceae-Rhinanthoideae). Opera Botanica 102 5-99.
  4. ^ Taylor, K. and F. J. Rumsey. (2003). Bartsia alpina L. Journal of Ecology 91(5), 908-21.
  5. ^ Uribe-Convers, S. and D. Tank. Phylogenetic analysis of the genus Bartsia L. (Orobanchaceae): a mostly South American genus wrapped in a European Clade. Presentation abstract. Botany 2010. Providence, Rhode Island. August 4, 2010.
  6. ^ Bartsia. The Plant List.