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|Traditional • Panentheistic)|
|Related ethnic groups|
(Assamese Brahmins • Ahoms • Kalitas • Sutiya)
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Barua (Assamese: বৰুৱা; Hindi: बरूवा) which is also spelled as Baruah, Barooah, Baruwa, Baroova, Barooa, Baroowa, Borooah, Boruah, Baroa; is a common Assamese surname. The surname Barua is usually associated with someone who is an Assamese or Asamiya, much like Aroras of Punjab.
In Assam Valley
The Baruas from Assam are Hindus by faith and have been a key contributors to the growth of Assamese community. Being a conferred surname, it is widely found to be used across various groups within Assamese community however, with subtle distinctions relating to a group. For instance,
- Assamese Brahmin Baruas or may even Kalitas are classified as General, as opposed to Ahoms and Sutiyas falling under Tibetan and Tai families and are OBC
- Brahmin Baruas may additionally carry middle names / prefixes such as, Bez, Bujar, Govinda, Ranjan, etc., traditionally not or less likely present among Kalitas, Ahoms and Sutiyas.
- Kanaklata Barua: Indian freedom fighter from Assam.
- Birinchi Kumar Barua (1908 – 1964): Scholar, educationist, writer, historian, linguist, folklorist.
- Padmanath Gohain Baruah (1871 – 1946): First president of Assam Rhetorical Congress, novelist, poet, dramatist, analyst, and a thought provoking writer.
- Lakshminath Bezbaroa (1868 – 1938): Assamese author, essayist, playwright, poet, and satirist.
- Hemchandra Barua (1836-1897): Prominent writer, social reformer of Assamese of the 19th century.
- Hem Barua (1915 – 1977): Prominent poet, politician from Assam.
- Hem Barua (Tyagbir) (1893 – 1945): Indian independence activist, social worker, writer from Sonitpur district of Assam.
- Jnanadabhiram Barua (1880 – 1955): Notable writer, dramatist, translator of Assam, and a participant in India's freedom struggle.
- Gunabhiram Barua (1837 – 1894): An enlightened Assamese intellectual, ushered in new ideas about social reform in the early years of colonial rule in Assam.
- Amulya Barua (1922 – 1946): Pioneered modern Assamese poetry.
- Chandradhar Barua (1874 – 1961): Eminent writer, poet, dramatist and lyricist from Assam.
- Kanaklal Barua (1872 – 1940): Prominent writer (mainly in English language), essayist, historian, and politician from Assam.
- Ananda Ram Baruah (1850 – 1889): Sanskrit scholar, sixth Indian Civil Service officer of India, and the first from Assam.
- Ananda Chandra Barua (1907 – 1983): Writer, poet, playwright, translator, journalist, an actor from Assam.
- Binanda Chandra Barua (1901 – 1994): Noted Indian writer, poet of Assamese literature
- Jahnu Barua - Internationally acclaimed film-maker.
- Siva Prasad Barooah: Pioneer tea planter, path-breaker in Assamese journalism, renowned philanthropist, politician and humanist.
- Parvati Prasad Baruva: Famous Assamese music composer, poet, lyricist, dramatist: an icon of Assamese literature.
- Pramathesh Chandra Barua (1903 – 1951): Famous actor, director, and screenwriter of Indian films in the pre-independence era.
- Pratima Barua Pandey (1935 – 2002): Famous folk singer and daughter of Pramathesh Chandra Baruah.
- Dev Kant Baruah: President of the Indian National Congress at the time of Emergency (1975–1977).
- Rudra Baruah (1926 – 1980): Actor, composer, lyricist, singer and musician.
- Bhubanmohan Baruah (1914 – 1998): Novelist, short story writer from Assam. He wrote many novels under the pen-name of Kanchan Baruah.
- Navakanta Barua (1926 – 2002): Prominent Assamese novelist and poet.
- Joi Barua - Singer, musician, and lead vocalist from Assam.
- Radha Govinda Baruah (1900 – 1977): Founder of the Assam Tribune Group, sports enthusiast, introduced Assam to the culture of sports.
- Swargajyoti Barooah: First few Assamese/Indian Film actresses.
- Debo Prasad Barooah (1930 – 2013:) Eminent intellectual, academician, author, historian and the former Vice-Chancellor (the Chief Executive) of Gauhati University.
- Beauty Sharma Barua (1951 – ): Assamese singer.
- Paresh Baruah: Vice-chairperson and the commander-in-chief of the United Liberation Front of Assam (Independent).
Hari Narayan Dutta Baruah acclaimed writer and historian. Translated the Bhagawat Gita, the Nam Ghosa and authored Kayasto Samajor Itibriti, the genealogy of the Kayastha people of Assam, amongst other things.
- "Meet the Axomiya Sikhs". The Tribune. Chandigarh. 24 March 2013.
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