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This article is about the Barua surname of Assam Valley, India. For the Bengali Baruah caste an ethnic minority (particularly Bangladesh), see Barua (Bangladesh).

Lakhminath Bezbarua.jpg


Chandradhar Barua.jpg
Assamese Bengali letter A (red).png AssameseHindi dot.svg HindiEnglish language.svg English
Om symbol.svg Hinduism45th Infantry insignia (swastika).svg (Traditional, Panentheistic) •
Related ethnic groups
Indo-Aryans, Assamese People, Assamese Brahmins, Ahoms, Kalitas, Sutiya

Barua (Assamese: বৰুৱা; Hindi: बरूवा) which is also spelled as Baruah, Barooah, Baruwa, Baroova, Barooa, Baroowa, Borooah, Boruah, Baroa; is a common Assamese surname. The surname Barua is typically associated with someone who is an Assamese or Asamiya, much like Aroras of Punjab.

In Assam Valley[edit]

Originally the title was conferred for most of class of officers in the Ahom kingdom of medieval Assam. The Ahoms appointed officers with various titles, and Barua meant a " Leader of 3000 men".

The Baruas are Hindus by faith and have been a key contributors to the growth of Assamese community. Being a conferred surname, it is widely found to be used across various groups within Assamese community however, with subtle distinctions relating to a group. For instance, Assamese Brahmin Baruas (people having specific Gotras i.e., proper Brahmin Identity Surnames) or may even Kalitas are classified as General, as opposed to Ahoms and Sutiyas falling under Tibetan and Tai families and are OBC. Furthermore, Brahmin Baruas may additionally carry middle name/surnames such as, Ram, Prasad, Ranjan, Krishnakant, Govind, Chandra, among others, which are traditionally less likely or not present among Kalitas, Ahoms and Sutiyas.

Notable Baruas[edit]

  • Kanaklata Barua: Indian freedom fighter from Assam.
  • Birinchi Kumar Barua: (1908-1964) Scholar, educationist, writer, historian, linguist, folklorist.
  • Padmanath Gohain Baruah: (1871-1946) was the first president of Asam Sahitya Sabha and a novelist, poet, dramatist, analyst and a though provoking writer.
  • Lakshminath Bezbaroa (1868–1938), An Assamese author, essayist, playwright, poet, and satirist.
  • Hemchandra Barua (1836-1897), a prominent writer, social reformer of Assamese of the 19th century.
  • Hem Barua (1915 – 1977) was a prominent Assamese poet and politician from Assam.
  • Hem Barua (Tyagbir) (1893-1945) was an Indian independence activist, social worker and writer from Sonitpur district of Assam.
  • Jnanadabhiram Barua (1880-1955) was an notable writer, dramatist, translator of Assam. He also participated in India's freedom struggle.
  • Gunabhiram Barua (1837-1894) was an enlightened Assamese intellectual who ushered in new ideas about social reform in the early years of colonial rule in Assam.
  • Amulya Barua (1922 -1946) was a pioneer of modern Assamese poetry.
  • Chandradhar Barua (1874 - 1961) was an eminent writer, poet, dramatist & lyricist from Assam.
  • Kanaklal Barua (1872-1940) was an prominent writer, essayists, historian and politician from Assam who had write mainly in English language.
  • Ananda Ram Baruah (1850–1889) - Sanskrit scholar, Sixth Indian Civil Service officer of India, and the first from Assam.
  • Ananda Chandra Barua (1907-1983) was an writer, poet, playwright, translator, journalist and actor from Assam.
  • Binanda Chandra Barua (1901 - 1994) was a noted Indian writer and poet of Assamese literature
  • Jahnu Barua - Internationally acclaimed film-maker.
  • Siva Prasad Barooah - Pioneer planter, path-breaker in Assamese journalism, renowned philanthropist, politician and humanist.
  • Parvati Prasad Baruva: A famous Assamese music composer, poet, lyricist, dramatist: an icon of Assamese literature.
  • Pramathesh Chandra Barua (1903–1951) - a famous actor, director, and screenwriter of Indian films in the pre-independence era.
  • Pratima Barua Pandey (1935-2002) - famous folk singer and daughter of Pramathesh Chandra Baruah
  • Dev Kant Baruah - President of the Indian National Congress at the time of Indian Emergency (1975–1977)
  • Rudra Baruah (1926-1980) as an actor, composer, lyricist, singer and musician.
  • Bhubanmohan Baruah (1914 - 1998) was a novelist, short story writer from Assam. He wrote many novels under the pen-name of Kanchan Baruah
  • Navakanta Barua - Prominent Assamese novelist and poet.
  • Joi Barua - Singer, musician, and lead vocalist from Assam.
  • Radha Govinda Baruah: Founder of the Assam Tribune Group and a sports enthusiast a who later introduced Assam to the culture of sports.
  • Swargajyoti Barooah: First few Assamese/Indian Film actresses.
  • Debo Prasad Barooah: Eminent intellectual, an academician, an author, a historian and the former Vice-Chancellor (the Chief Executive) of Gauhati University.
  • Beauty Sharma Barua (1951- ) An Assamese singer.
  • Paresh Baruah: the vice-chairperson and the commander-in-chief of the United Liberation Front of Assam (Independent).

See also[edit]


External links[edit]