Barua (Assamese: বৰুৱা; Hindi: बरूवा) which is also spelled as Baruah, Barooah, Baruwa, Baroova, Barooa, Baroowa, Borooah, Boruah, Baroa; is a common Assamese surname. The surname Barua is typically associated with someone who is an Assamese or Asamiya.
In Assam Valley
The Baruas are Hindus by faith and have been a key contributors to the growth of Assamese community. Being a conferred surname, it is widely found to be used across various groups within Assamese community.
- Kanaklata Barua: Indian freedom fighter from Assam.
- Birinchi Kumar Barua: (1908-1964) Scholar, educationist, writer, historian, linguist, folklorist.
- Padmanath Gohain Baruah: (1871-1946) was the first president of Asam Sahitya Sabha and a novelist, poet, dramatist, analyst and a though provoking writer.
- Lakshminath Bezbaroa (1868–1938), An Assamese author, essayist, playwright, poet, and satirist.
- Hemchandra Barua (1836-1897), a prominent writer, social reformer of Assamese of the 19th century.
- Hem Barua (1915 – 1977) was a prominent Assamese poet and politician from Assam.
- Hem Barua (Tyagbir) (1893-1945) was an Indian independence activist, social worker and writer from Sonitpur district of Assam.
- Jnanadabhiram Barua (1880-1955) was an notable writer, dramatist, translator of Assam. He also participated in India's freedom struggle.
- Gunabhiram Barua (1837-1894) was an enlightened Assamese intellectual who ushered in new ideas about social reform in the early years of colonial rule in Assam.
- Amulya Barua (1922 -1946) was a pioneer of modern Assamese poetry.
- Chandradhar Barua (1874 - 1961) was an eminent writer, poet, dramatist & lyricist from Assam.
- Kanaklal Barua (1872-1940) was an prominent writer, essayists, historian and politician from Assam who had write mainly in English language.
- Ananda Ram Baruah (1850–1889) - Sanskrit scholar, Sixth Indian Civil Service officer of India, and the first from Assam.
- Ananda Chandra Barua (1907-1983) was an writer, poet, playwright, translator, journalist and actor from Assam.
- Binanda Chandra Barua (1901 - 1994) was a noted Indian writer and poet of Assamese literature.
- Jahnu Barua - Internationally acclaimed film-maker.
- Siva Prasad Barooah - Pioneer planter, path-breaker in Assamese journalism, renowned philanthropist, politician and humanist.
- Parvati Prasad Baruva: A famous Assamese music composer, poet, lyricist, dramatist: an icon of Assamese literature.
- Pramathesh Chandra Barua (1903–1951) - a famous actor, director, and screenwriter of Indian films in the pre-independence era.
- Pratima Barua Pandey (1935-2002) - famous folk singer and daughter of Pramathesh Chandra Baruah
- Dev Kant Baruah - President of the Indian National Congress at the time of Indian Emergency (1975–1977)
- Rudra Baruah (1926-1980) as an actor, composer, lyricist, singer and musician.
- Bhubanmohan Baruah (1914 - 1998) was a novelist, short story writer from Assam. He wrote many novels under the pen-name of Kanchan Baruah
- Navakanta Barua - Prominent Assamese novelist and poet.
- Joi Barua - Singer, musician, and lead vocalist from Assam.
- Radha Govinda Baruah: Founder of the Assam Tribune Group and a sports enthusiast a who later introduced Assam to the culture of sports.
- Swargajyoti Barooah: First few Assamese/Indian Film actresses.
- Debo Prasad Barooah: Eminent intellectual, an academician, an author, a historian and the former Vice-Chancellor (the Chief Executive) of Gauhati University.
- Beauty Sharma Barua (1951- ) An Assamese singer.
- Paresh Baruah: the vice-chairperson and the commander-in-chief of the United Liberation Front of Assam (Independent).
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