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Assamese Bengali letter A (red).png Assamese (and dialects; KamrupiGoalpariya)
Om.svg Hinduism (Patch of the 45th Infantry Division (1924-1939).svg TraditionalVishnu.jpg Panentheistic)
Related ethnic groups
Assamese people
(Assamese BrahminsAhomsKalitasSutiya)

Barua which is also spelled as Baruah, Barooah, Baruwa, Baroova, Barooa, Baroowa, Borooah, Boruah, Baroa; is a common Assamese surname. The surname Barua is usually associated with someone who is an Assamese or Asamiya.

In Assam Valley

Originally the title was conferred for most of class of officers in the Ahom kingdom of medieval Assam. The Ahoms appointed officers with various titles, and Barua meant a "Leader of 10,000men".

The Baruas from Assam are Hindus by faith and have been a key contributors to the growth of Assamese community. Being a conferred surname, it is widely found to be used across various groups within Assamese community however, with subtle distinctions relating to a group. For instance,

  • Baruas who belong to Assamese Brahmin community or Kalita community are classified as General, as opposed to Baruas from Ahom and Sutiya communities (falling under Tibetan and Tai people) who are classified as OBCs.
  • Brahmin Baruas may additionally carry middle names / prefixes such as, Bez, Bujar, Govinda, Ranjan, etc., traditionally not or less likely present among Kalitas, Ahoms and Sutiyas.

Notable Barua

Suniti Ranjan Barua: (1923-1980) Indian freedom fighter from Kalna, Burdwan, West Bengal. Led by Master Da Suriya Sen.


External links