Baruipur (community development block)

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Baruipur
বারুইপুর
Community development block
সমষ্টি উন্নয়ন ব্লক
Baruipur is located in West Bengal
Baruipur
Baruipur
Location in West Bengal
Coordinates: 22°23′45″N 88°26′42″E / 22.39583°N 88.44500°E / 22.39583; 88.44500
Country  India
State West Bengal
District South 24 Parganas
Parliamentary constituency Jadavpur
Assembly constituency Baruipur Paschim, Baruipur Purba
Area
 • Total 87.32 sq mi (226.16 km2)
Elevation 30 ft (10 m)
Population (2011)
 • Total 433,119
 • Density 5,000/sq mi (1,900/km2)
Time zone IST (UTC+5.30)
PIN 700144 (Baruipur)
743613 (South Garia)
743610 (Madarat)
Area code(s) 03218
Vehicle registration WB-19, WB-20, WB-22
Literacy Rate 76.46 per cent
Website http://s24pgs.gov.in/

Baruipur is a community development block that forms an administrative division in Baruipur subdivision of South 24 Parganas district in the Indian state of West Bengal.

History[edit]

Land reforms[edit]

During 1946-1950 the Tebhaga movement in several parts of the 24 Parganas district led to the enactment of the Bargadari Act. Although the Bargadari Act of 1950 recognised the rights of bargadars to a higher share of crops from the land that they tilled, it was not implemented. Large tracts, beyond the prescribed limit of land ceiling, remained with the rich landlords. In 1967, West Bengal witnessed peasant uprising, against non-implementation of land reforms legislation, starting from Kheyadaha gram panchayat in Sonarpur CD Block. From 1977 onwards major land reforms took place in West Bengal under the Left Front government. Land in excess of land ceiling was acquired and distributed amongst the peasants. Subsequently, “Operation Barga” was aimed at securing tenancy rights for the peasants. In Baruipur CD Block 1,512.20 acres of land was acquired and vested. Out of this 1,409.09 acres or 93.18% of the vested land was distributed. The total number of patta holders was 3,309.[1]

Geography[edit]

Location[edit]

Mallikpur, a constituent panchayat of Baruipur block, is located at 22°23′45″N 88°26′42″E / 22.3958890°N 88.4449770°E / 22.3958890; 88.4449770.

Baruipur CD Block is bounded by Sonarpur CD Block in the north, Canning I CD Block in the east, Jaynagar I CD Block in the south and Magrahat II and Bishnupur I CD Blocks in the west.[2][3]

It is located 17 km from Alipore, the district headquarters.[2]

Area and administration[edit]

Baruipur CD Block has an area of 226.16 km2. Baruipur police station serves this CD Block. Baruipur panchayat samity has 19 gram panchayats. The block has 133 inhabited villages.[4] Headquarters of this block is at Piyali Town.

Topography[edit]

South 24 Parganas district is divided into two distinct physiographic zones: the marine-riverine delta in the north and the marine delta zone in the south. As the sea receded southwards, in the sub-recent geological period, a large low lying plain got exposed. Both tidal inflows and the rivers have been depositing sediments in this plain. The periodical collapse of both the natural levees and man-made embankments speed up the process of filling up of the depressions containing brackish water wetlands. The marine delta in the south is formed of interlacing tidal channels. As non-saline water for irrigation is scarce, agriculture is monsoon dominated. Some parts of the wetlands are still preserved for raising fish.[5]

Gram panchayats[edit]

Gram panchayats of Baruipur block/panchayat samiti are: Begampur, Belegachi, Brindakhali, Champahati, Dhapdhapi I, Dhapdhapi II, Hardah, Hariharpur, Kalyanpur, Madarat, Mallickpur, Nabagram, Ramnagar I, Ramnagar II, Sankarpur I, Sankarpur II, Sikharbali I, Sikharbali II, and South Goria I.[6]

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

As per 2011 Census of India Baruipur CD Block had a total population of 433,119, of which 315,817 were rural and 117,312 were urban. There were 221,200 (51%) males and 211,919 (49%) females. Population below 6 years was 50,049. Scheduled Castes numbered 165,537 and Scheduled Tribes numbered 1,145.[7]

As per 2001 census, Baruipur block had a total population of 351,569, out of which 181,486 were males and 170,083 were females. Baruipur block registered a population growth of 28.12 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for South 24 Parganas district was 20.89 per cent. Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84 per cent. Scheduled castes at 158,882 formed around one-third the population. Scheduled tribes numbered 7,176.[4][8][9]

Census towns and large villages[edit]

Census towns in Baruipur CD Block (2011 census figures in brackets): Petua (9,596), Garia (4,805), Panchghara (6,340), Mallikpur (19,120), Hariharpur (12,027), Champahati (12,111), Solgohalia (9,373), Naridana (4,277), Baruipur (P) (22,430), Salipur (P) (5,091), Khodar Bazar (6,360) and Komarhat (5,782).[7]

Large villages in Baruipur CD Block (2011 census figures in brackets): Faridpur (4,512), Ganespur (4,530), Begampur (12,742), Indrapal (4,088), Sikhar Bali (6,205), Sasan (P) (7,123), Balbalia (4,759), Panch Gachhia (4,710), Teruhat (4,423), Ramnagar (17,053), Padmajala (4,937), Sitakundu (11,354), Uttar Bhag (6,748), Kuruli (5,755), Brinda Khali (10,762), Nabagram (8,452) and Betberia (5,125).[7]

Literacy[edit]

As per 2011 census the total number of literates in Baruipur CD Block was 292,905 (76.46% of the population over 6 years) out of which 160,710 (55%) were males and 132,195 (45%) were females.[7]

As per 2011 census, literacy in South 24 Parganas district was 77.51[10] Literacy in West Bengal was 77.08% in 2011.[11] Literacy in India in 2011 was 74.04%.[11]

As per 2001 census, Baruipur block had a total literacy of 68.86 per cent for the 6+ age group. While male literacy was 77.88 per cent female literacy was 59.17 per cent. South 24 Parganas district had a total literacy of 69.45 per cent, male literacy being 79.19 per cent and female literacy being 59.01 per cent.[4]

See also – List of West Bengal districts ranked by literacy rate


Language[edit]

Bengali is the local language in these areas.[2]

Religion[edit]

Religion in Baruipur CD Block
Hindu
  
60.86%
Muslim
  
36.96%
Others
  
2.18%

In the 2011 census Hindus numbered 263,627 and formed 60.86% of the population in Baruipur CD Block. Muslims numbered 160,073 and formed 36.96% of the population. Others numbered 9,439 and formed 2.18% of the population. Amongst the others, Christians numbered 3,852. [12]

In the 2011 census, Hindus numbered 5,155,545 and formed 63.17% of the population in South 24 Parganas district. Muslims numbered 2,903,075 and formed 35.57% of the population.[12] In West Bengal Hindus numbered 64,385,546 and formed 70.53% of the population. Muslims numbered 24,654,825 and formed 27.01% of the population.[12]

Human Development Report[edit]

According to the South 24 Parganas district Human Development Report it is an overwhelmingly rural district with 85% of the population living in rural areas. An analysis of the district’s population shows that 33 percent of the district’s population belongs to Scheduled Castes. While 65.86% of people are Hindus, 33.24% are Muslims. 86% of the population resided in the 29 CD Blocks. In 2005, more than 4 lakh households were identified as living below poverty line, pushing the poverty ratio in the district to 34.11%, way above the state and national poverty ratios.[13]

Baruipur CD Block has a poverty ratio of 26.04% of the households in 2005. In standard of living it has a rank 6 amongst all the 29 blocks. In Infrastructure development it has the 14th rank amongst all CD Blocks. In Baruipur, 84.26% households have access to electricity. The length of surfaced roads is 0.86 km per km2 area. The number of bank branches is 0.45 per 10,000 population. In Baruipur, 50.25% of rural households are engaged as daily/ agricultural/ other physical labour, 18.68% are culivators, 8.81% are self-employed rural artisans/ hawkers, 10.94% are engaged in labour oriented regular jobs in the unorganised sector, and 16.83% are engaged in the organised sector or work as professionals.[13]

As per 1991 census, while male literacy rate was 67.68% female literacy was 40.31% and there was a gender gap of 27.82% in Baruipur. The CD Blocks are gradually catching up with the municipalities in matters of literacy. In 2006, Baruipur had 30 secondary and higher secondary schools. All of them had libraries but 19 of them did not have computer facilities.[13]

In 2006, in Baruipur for 230 villages there were 48 health sub-centres and 4 rural hospital/public health centres having 90 beds with 32 medical officers, 36 nurses, 69 health assistants and 15 pharmacists and technicians. 82% of the 633 habitations in Baruipur CD Block were fully covered with safe drinking water (including tube wells and tap water), 13.3% habitations were partly covered and 4.7% habitations not covered.[13]


Health[edit]

Certain areas of South 24 Parganas district has been identified where ground water is affected by arsenic contamination.[14] High levels of arsenic in ground water were found in twelve blocks of the district. Water samples collected from tubewells in the affected places contained arsenic above the normal level (10 microgram a litre as specified by the World Health Organisation). The affected blocks are Baruipur, Bhangar I, Bhangar II, Bishnupur I, Bishnupur II, Basanti, Budge Budge, Canning I, Canning II, Sonarpur, Mograhat II and Joynagar.[15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "District Human Development Report: South 24 Parganas". (1) Chapter 1.2, South 24 Parganas in Historical Perspective, pages 7-9 (2) Chapter 3.4, Land reforms, pages 32-33. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2009. Retrieved 17 April 2016. 
  2. ^ a b c "Baruipur Block". onefivenine. Retrieved 2 April 2016. 
  3. ^ "South 24 Parganas". CD Block/Tehsil map. Maps of India. Retrieved 2 April 2016. 
  4. ^ a b c "District Statistical Handbook – 2009 – South 24 Parganas" (PDF). South 24 Parganas at a glance, Tables 2.1, 2.2, 2.4 (b), 4.5. Bureau of Applied Economics and Statistics, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 3 April 2016. 
  5. ^ "District Human Development Report: South 24 Parganas". Chapter 1 South 24 Parganas: An Overview, p 9-12. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2009. Retrieved 1 April 2016. 
  6. ^ "Blocks and Gram Panchayats in South 24 Parganas". South 24 Parganas District Administration. Retrieved 1 April 2016. 
  7. ^ a b c d "C.D. Block Wise Primary Census Abstract Data(PCA)". 2011 census: West Bengal – District-wise CD Blocks. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 2 April 2016. 
  8. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001 – South 24 Parganas. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on September 27, 2007. Retrieved 2011-01-20. 
  9. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on September 27, 2007. Retrieved 2011-01-20. 
  10. ^ "District Census 2011". Population Census 2011. Retrieved 24 January 2016. 
  11. ^ a b "Provisional population tables and annexures" (PDF). Census 2011:Table 2(3) Literates and Literacy rates by sex. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 9 February 2016. 
  12. ^ a b c "C1 Population by Religious Community". West Bengal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 18 June 2016. 
  13. ^ a b c d "District Human Development Report: South 24 Parganas". Intro: pp 16-19, 42 Block specific: pp 39-40, 73, 99, 132, 146, 192, 221. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2009. Retrieved 7 April 2016. 
  14. ^ "Groundwater Arsenic contamination in West Bengal-India (19 years study )". Groundwater arsenic contamination status of North 24-Parganas district, one of the nine arsenic affected districts of West Bengal-India. SOES. Retrieved 2011-09-28. 
  15. ^ "High arsenic levels in South". The Statesman, 24 June 2007. Archived from the original on 2007-09-29. Retrieved 2011-09-28.