Barva Volcano

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Barva Volcano
Las Tres Marías
Volcán Barva, Costa Rica.jpg
Barva Lagoon, one of the crater lakes of the volcano
Highest point
Elevation 2,906 m (9,534 ft) [1]
Coordinates 10°08′06″N 84°06′00″W / 10.13500°N 84.10000°W / 10.13500; -84.10000Coordinates: 10°08′06″N 84°06′00″W / 10.13500°N 84.10000°W / 10.13500; -84.10000
Barva Volcano is located in Costa Rica
Barva Volcano
Barva Volcano
Location in Costa Rica
Location Heredia, Costa Rica
Parent range Cordillera Central
Mountain type Complex volcano
Last eruption 6050 BCE ± 1000 years[1]
Easiest route Hike

Barva Volcano is an andesitic volcanic shield complex in central Costa Rica, 22 km north of San José, in Heredia Province. On the eastern side of the mountain it has a lake in what was the volcanic crater, called "Laguna de Barva", and in the western side it has three hills on the top which are called "Las Tres Marías".[1] It is located in the small agricultural community of Sacramento.

Barva has a dozen different eruptive spots in the summit and some parasitic cones on the flanks of the mountain. Its three principal summits visible from the Central Valley give it the common local name of Las Tres Marías (The Three Marys).

Four pyroclastic cones are present within the 2 x 3 km caldera at the central and northwestern part of the summit. The southwestern peak contains four cones, one of which has a crater lake.[1]

The last confirmed eruptive activity at Barva Volcano has been dated to 8,050 years ago. There were reports of eruptions in the 1760s and in 1867, but investigations at the summit did not find evidence to confirm the reports.[1]