Barwani district

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Coordinates: 22°01′29″N 74°55′05″E / 22.02485°N 74.91805°E / 22.02485; 74.91805

Barwani district
Location of Barwani district in Madhya Pradesh
Location of Barwani district in Madhya Pradesh
CountryIndia
StateMadhya Pradesh
DivisionIndore division
Established25 May 1998 (1998-05-25)
HeadquartersBarwani
Tehsils1. Barwani
2. Thikri
3. Rajpur
4. Sendhwa
5. Pansemal
6. Niwali
7. Anjad
8. Pati
9. Warla
Government
 • District collectorMr. Amit Tomar (IAS)
 • Lok Sabha constituencies1. Khargone (shared with Barwani district)
 • Vidhan Sabha constituencies4
Area
 • Total5,427 km2 (2,095 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total1,385,881
 • Density260/km2 (660/sq mi)
 • Urban
14.72%
Demographics
 • Literacy49.08%
 • Sex ratio982
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Vehicle registrationMP-46
Major highwaysMP SH 26
MP SH 36
Websitehttp://barwani.nic.in/

Barwani district is one of the districts of Madhya Pradesh state of India. The administrative headquarters of the district is at Barwani. Barwani district has an area of 5,427 km² and a population 1,385,881 (2011 census). The district lies in the southwestern corner of Madhya Pradesh; the Narmada River forms its northern boundary. The Satpura Range lies to its south. The district is bordered by Maharashtra state to the south, Gujarat state to the west, Dhar District to the north and Khargone District to the east.

History[edit]

After the merger of the princely state of Barwani with Union of India in 1948 CE, it became a part of Khargone District of the newly formed Madhya Bharat state. Barwani district was created on 25 May 1998, when it was separated from Khargone District (West Nimar District).

Economy[edit]

In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Barwani one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[1] It is one of the 24 districts in Madhya Pradesh currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[1]

Divisions[edit]

The district is divided into two sub-divisions, Barwani and Sendhwa, which are further divided into nine tahsils, Barwani, Sendhwa, Pansemal, Warla (Varla)[2] Niwali,[3][4] Thikri, Pati, Anjad and Rajpur, and seven developmental blocks, Barwani, Pati, Sendhawa, Pansemal, Niwali, Thikari and Rajpur. The four Vidhan Sabha constituencies in this district are Pansemal [Pansemal Tehsil+Niwali Tehsil], Barwani [Barwani+Pati], Sendhwa [Sendhwa Tehsil] and Rajpur [Rajpur+Anjad+Thikari+Balsamud]. Barwani, Sendhawa, Pansemal and Rajpur assembly constituencies are part of Khargone Lok Sabha constituency.

District has 417 panchayats and 715 villages, 646 revenue and 69 forest. Out of these villages, 560 are inhabited and 16 are un-inhabited. The two municipalities in this district are Barwani and Sendhawa.

Sendhwa Tehsil is a center for the cotton ginning industry. Other places of note include:

  • Anjad, a town that houses the Veereshwar Mahadev, Gayatri Temple and Nagari Mata temples, Balaji tempal, Bherav mandir is the famous religious place of the town along with many cotton factory which gives employee to the thousand of local people, Sanjay Cotton Fiber is the most famous and largest Cotton Factory of the region.
  • Bawangaja, an important Jain pilgrimage center lying 6 km from Barwani town. The world's tallest statue of the first Jain Tirthankara Adinatha], is the pride of the town, which also contains as many as eleven 15th-century hindu temples. Kumbhakarna and Indrajeet were said to have attained Nirvana here.[5]
  • The ancient fort of Bhawar Garh (Borgarh) is located in the Satpuras, 16 km from Sendhawa.
  • Beejasan is a temple of Goddess Beejasani (Durga), located 20 km south of Sendhawa.
  • The ancient fort of Ramgarh (Ramgad) is located in the Satpuras, 17 km from Pansemal.
  • Ancient Bandhareshwar Temple and Jharna (Waterfall) is located in Bandhara Buzurg Village, 8 km from Pansemal.
  • Jalgone Fort and Tin Taal Bawadi (Well) is located in Jagone Village, 4 km from Pansemal.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901143,627—    
1911196,098+3.16%
1921215,853+0.96%
1931255,157+1.69%
1941293,541+1.41%
1951326,990+1.08%
1961407,325+2.22%
1971517,468+2.42%
1981661,208+2.48%
1991835,625+2.37%
20011,086,366+2.66%
20111,385,881+2.46%
source:[6]

According to the 2011 census Barwani District has a population of 1,385,881,[7] roughly equal to the nation of Swaziland[8] or the US state of Hawaii.[9] This gives it a ranking of 354th in India (out of a total of 640).[7] The district has a population density of 256 inhabitants per square kilometre (660/sq mi) .[7] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 27.57%.[7] Barwani has a sex ratio of 982 females for every 1000 males,[7] and a literacy rate of 49.08%.[7]

Politician of Barwani Dist[edit]

  • Bala Bachchan ( MLA) Rajpur And Home Minister in 2018 State Government of Madhya Pradesh
  • Dhursingh Khedkar (Sarpanch) Mankui
  • Ramesh Patel (Ex-MLA) Barwani
  • Gajendra sigh Patel (MP) Khargone-Barwani
  • Latabai Gyarsilal Rawat (ZP-President)
  • Diwansing Patel (Ex-MLA) Pansemal
  • Premsingh Patel (MLA) Barwani

Languages[edit]

At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 58.54% of the population in the district spoke Bhili, 35.37% Hindi, 2.10% Khandeshi, 1.31% Gujarati, 1.26% Marathi and 0.63% Urdu as their first language.[10]

Languages spoken include three mutually unintelligible Bareli languages: Bareli Palya, a Bhil language with approximately 10 000 speakers centred in Madhya Pradesh;[11] Bareli Pauri, with approximately 175 000 speakers, written in the Devanagari script;[12] and Bareli Rathwi, with approximately 64 000 speakers.[13] Other languages include Bhilali, with 1 150 000 speakers.[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (8 September 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 April 2012. Retrieved 27 September 2011.
  2. ^ Singh, Anuraag (25 January 2015). "MP man who made pistol for D-Company to kill Varun Gandhi arrested". The Times of India (25 January 2015). The Times of India. TNN. Retrieved 16 February 2015.
  3. ^ Sharma, Kapilesh (7 December 2014). "Two accused sent to jail, absconding engineer held". The Free Press Journal. Retrieved 25 March 2015.
  4. ^ Ayub, Jamal (26 November 2012). "Now, English medium schools for tribals in Madhya Pradesh". The Times of India. TNN. Retrieved 25 March 2015.
  5. ^ http://bawangaja.com
  6. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
  7. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
  8. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 1 October 2011. Swaziland 1,370,424
  9. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 19 October 2013. Retrieved 2011-09-30. Hawaii 1,360,301
  10. ^ 2011 Census of India, Population By Mother Tongue
  11. ^ M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "Bareli, Palya: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 28 September 2011.
  12. ^ M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "Bareli, Pauri: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 28 September 2011.
  13. ^ M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "Bareli, Rathwi: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 28 September 2011.
  14. ^ M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "Bhilali: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 30 September 2011.

External links[edit]