Barygenys exsul

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Barygenys exsul
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Microhylidae
Genus: Barygenys
Species: B. exsul
Binomial name
Barygenys exsul
Zweifel, 1963
Synonyms[3]

Baragenys exsul Zweifel, 1963[2]incorrect original spelling of generic name

Barygenys exsul is a species of frog in the family Microhylidae. It is endemic to Papua New Guinea. It is known from Rossel (type locality) and Sudest Islands in the Louisiade Archipelago, east of New Guinea.[1][3][4] It is uncertain whether the specimens from Sudest really are conspecific with this species. Barygenys apodasta and Barygenys resima were mixed with this species prior to their described in 2013.[4]

Description[edit]

Adult males measure 22.4–25.5 mm (0.88–1.00 in) and females 22.8–38.9 mm (0.90–1.53 in) in snout–vent length. The eyes are small. The tympanum is not evident or is indistinct. The fingers are short, unwebbed, and with rounded tips but lacking discs; the toes are unwebbed and have discs that are barely wider than width of penultimate phalanges. Coloration is dark brown or mud-brown, speckled with black or with obscure darker brown markings. Sometimes they can be uniform dark brown, or have a broad mud-brown vertebral stripe.[4]

Males call at night from beneath the surface of the soil. The call is a rapid series of 4–9 boops.[4]

Habitat and conservation[edit]

Its natural habitats are primary or secondary lowland rainforests and cloudforests,[1] and have been found at altitudes up to 720 m (2,360 ft) above sea level.[4] It is a fossorial species[1] that can be moderately common several centimeters beneath the soil surface.[4]

The species is not facing major threats. It is utilized on Tagula for magic purposes—to provide fertility to land if planted—but the level of utilization is likely too low to constitute a major threat.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Richards, S.; Allison, A.; Kraus, F. (2006). "Barygenys parvula". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2006: e.T57706A11672878. Retrieved 11 February 2017. 
  2. ^ Zweifel, R. G. (1963). "New microhylid frogs (Baragenys and Cophixalus) from the Louisiade Archipelago, New Guinea". American Museum Novitates. 2141: 1–10. 
  3. ^ a b Frost, Darrel R. (2016). "Barygenys exsul Zweifel, 1963". Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 11 February 2017. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f Kraus, Fred (2013). "Two new species of frogs related to Barygenys exsul (Microhylidae) from New Guinea". Herpetologica. 69 (3): 314–328. doi:10.1655/HERPETOLOGICA-D-12-00073.