Barzan, Iraq

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The town of Barzan (Kurdish: بارزان‎) is located along the Great Zab in Erbil Governorate, Iraq. It is the birthplace of Sheikh Ahmed Barzani and Kurdish leader Mustafa Barzani.

History of Assyrians[edit]

Prior to the 1917, there was a sizable Assyrian presence in the city, with two Chaldean Catholic churches. However, after the Assyrian Genocide, many Assyrians of Barzan were not allowed to return to their homes in Barzan and were resettled in the village of Rumta, located around modern-day Dohuk. However, one Assyrian village near Barzan to the east named Bidial appears to have rebuilt its church and to be at least partially populated.[1][2]

Climate[edit]

Barzan has a hot-summer Mediterranean climate (Csa) with hot dry summers and cool, rainy winters. It is one of the most wettest city in Iraq. Winter nights average below freezing most of the time, providing frost in the city. Snow occasionally occurs.

Climate data for Barzan
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 9.0
(48.2)
10.5
(50.9)
14.7
(58.5)
20.6
(69.1)
27.8
(82)
34.5
(94.1)
38.7
(101.7)
38.8
(101.8)
34.8
(94.6)
27.4
(81.3)
17.9
(64.2)
10.9
(51.6)
23.8
(74.83)
Daily mean °C (°F) 4.3
(39.7)
5.5
(41.9)
9.4
(48.9)
14.8
(58.6)
21.1
(70)
26.9
(80.4)
30.9
(87.6)
30.8
(87.4)
26.6
(79.9)
20.0
(68)
12.3
(54.1)
6.3
(43.3)
17.41
(63.32)
Average low °C (°F) −0.3
(31.5)
−0.6
(30.9)
4.2
(39.6)
9.0
(48.2)
14.4
(57.9)
19.4
(66.9)
23.2
(73.8)
22.8
(73)
18.4
(65.1)
12.7
(54.9)
6.7
(44.1)
1.7
(35.1)
10.97
(51.75)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 151
(5.94)
172
(6.77)
150
(5.91)
114
(4.49)
37
(1.46)
1
(0.04)
0
(0)
0
(0)
1
(0.04)
19
(0.75)
88
(3.46)
106
(4.17)
839
(33.03)
Source: Climate-Data[3]

Coordinates: 36°55′N 44°2′E / 36.917°N 44.033°E / 36.917; 44.033

References[edit]

  1. ^ 36.931815, 44.141100 google map coordinates for Bidal
  2. ^ http://www.ishtartv.com/en/viewarticle,36405.html
  3. ^ "Climate statistics for Barzan". Climate Data. Retrieved 21 January 2017.