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Artist's depiction of a basajaun and his female companion, a basandere.

In Basque mythology, Basajaun (Basque: [bas̺ajaun], "Lord of the Woods",[1] plural: basajaunak, female basandere) is a huge, hairy hominid dwelling in the woods. They were thought to build megaliths, protect flocks of livestock, and teach skills such as agriculture and ironworking to humans.

Some authors[2][3] have suggested that the Basajaun myth is a folk memory of early human contact with Neanderthal populations in the Iberian peninsula.


  1. ^ Lurker, Manfred (1987). The Routledge Dictionary of Gods and Goddesses, Devils and Demons. Routledge. p. 30. ISBN 0-415-34018-7.
  2. ^ Le Quellec, Jean-Loïc (2020). "Néandertal a été déshumanisé au prétexte de sa différence". Archéologia (585): 17. Retrieved 26 October 2021.
  3. ^ Čović, Kristina (2020). Izumiranje neandertalaca: glavne teorije o nestanku interpretirane kroz prizmu prasvijesti i uz pomoć paleofikcije paleontologa Björna Kurténa pri modeliranju prapovijesnih scenarija (Master's thesis). University of Zagreb, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences. p. 44. Retrieved 26 October 2021.

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