Basco, Batanes

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Basco
Municipality
Municipality of Basco
Municipal hall of Basco
Municipal hall of Basco
Official seal of Basco
Seal
Map of Batanes with Basco highlighted
Map of Batanes with Basco highlighted
Basco is located in Philippines
Basco
Basco
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 20°27′N 121°58′E / 20.45°N 121.97°E / 20.45; 121.97Coordinates: 20°27′N 121°58′E / 20.45°N 121.97°E / 20.45; 121.97
Country  Philippines
Region Cagayan Valley (Region II)
Province Batanes
District Lone District
Barangays 6 (see Barangays)
Government[1]
 • Type Sangguniang Bayan
 • Mayor Demetrius Paul C. Narag
 • Electorate 4,954 voters (2016)
Area[2]
 • Total 49.46 km2 (19.10 sq mi)
Population (2015 census)[3]
 • Total 8,579
 • Density 170/km2 (450/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code 3900
PSGC 020901000
IDD:area code +63 (0)78
Climate type Tropical monsoon climate
Income class 5th municipal income class
Revenue (₱) 54,122,632.74 (2016)
Native languages Ivatan
Tagalog

Basco, officially the Municipality of Basco (Filipino: Bayan ng Basco; Ilokano: Ili ti Basco), is a municipality in the province of Batanes in the Cagayan Valley (Region II) of the Philippines, serving as the provincial capital. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 8,579 people.[3]

Basco is located on Batan Island, the second largest among the Batanes Islands, the northernmost islands of the Philippines. The town has a domestic airport, Basco Airport, serving flights from Manila and Baguio.[citation needed]

The town is named after Capitán General José Basco, who led the Philippines to freedom from the control of New Spain, which is today Mexico.

The Basco Lighthouse is one of the landmarks.

Geography[edit]

Basco is located at 20°27′N 121°58′E / 20.45°N 121.97°E / 20.45; 121.97.

According to the Philippine Statistics Authority, the municipality has a land area of 49.46 square kilometres (19.10 sq mi)[2] constituting 22.58% of the 219.01-square-kilometre- (84.56 sq mi) total area of Batanes.

Barangays[edit]

Basco is politically subdivided into 6 barangays.[4]

The sitio of Diptan was converted into a barrio, known as San Antonio, in 1955.[5] Also in the same year, the sitios of Coral, Hago, Tuva, Diojango, Canalaan, Honaan and Dimnalamay were converted into the barrio of San Joaquin.[6]


PSGC Barangay Population ±% p.a.
2015[3] 2010[7]
020901005 Chanarian 4.2% 360 334 1.44%
020901001 Ihubok II (Kayvaluganan) 27.3% 2,344 2,103 2.09%
020901002 Ihubok I (Kaychanarianan) 21.2% 1,822 1,665 1.73%
020901006 Kayhuvokan 19.8% 1,700 1,641 0.67%
020901003 San Antonio 23.0% 1,969 1,772 2.03%
020901004 San Joaquin 4.5% 384 392 −0.39%
Total 8,579 7,907 1.57%

Climate[edit]

Basco has a tropical monsoon climate (Köppen climate classification Am), with slightly cooler temperatures especially during the winter months due to its northerly location compared to other cities down south such as Laoag or Manila. Unlike these two cities whose hottest months are April and May, Basco experiences its warmest temperature during the months of June and July, similar to Taiwan.

Climate data for Basco, Philippines (2001–2010, extremes 1903–2012)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 31.8
(89.2)
32.6
(90.7)
34.8
(94.6)
35.5
(95.9)
36.4
(97.5)
36.5
(97.7)
37.6
(99.7)
37.2
(99)
36.1
(97)
35.9
(96.6)
32.9
(91.2)
32.8
(91)
37.6
(99.7)
Average high °C (°F) 24.5
(76.1)
25.4
(77.7)
26.5
(79.7)
28.6
(83.5)
29.9
(85.8)
30.2
(86.4)
30.5
(86.9)
30.2
(86.4)
29.7
(85.5)
28.8
(83.8)
27.0
(80.6)
25.2
(77.4)
28.0
(82.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) 21.6
(70.9)
22.4
(72.3)
23.3
(73.9)
25.4
(77.7)
26.8
(80.2)
27.4
(81.3)
27.6
(81.7)
27.4
(81.3)
26.8
(80.2)
25.7
(78.3)
24.1
(75.4)
22.1
(71.8)
25.1
(77.2)
Average low °C (°F) 18.7
(65.7)
19.4
(66.9)
20.1
(68.2)
22.3
(72.1)
23.6
(74.5)
24.5
(76.1)
24.7
(76.5)
24.5
(76.1)
23.9
(75)
22.7
(72.9)
21.3
(70.3)
18.9
(66)
22.1
(71.8)
Record low °C (°F) 11.4
(52.5)
12.0
(53.6)
13.0
(55.4)
15.6
(60.1)
17.2
(63)
19.0
(66.2)
18.0
(64.4)
15.0
(59)
17.6
(63.7)
17.4
(63.3)
14.5
(58.1)
11.5
(52.7)
11.4
(52.5)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 130.1
(5.122)
122.1
(4.807)
58.3
(2.295)
47.6
(1.874)
224.6
(8.843)
234.6
(9.236)
223.5
(8.799)
304.6
(11.992)
350.8
(13.811)
281.2
(11.071)
272.0
(10.709)
96.8
(3.811)
2,346.2
(92.37)
Average rainy days (≥ 0.1 mm) 17 12 10 6 12 14 16 19 20 18 19 14 177
Average relative humidity (%) 78 79 79 79 81 83 82 83 84 80 80 76 80
Source: PAGASA[8][9]

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Basco
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 2,347—    
1918 2,338−0.03%
1939 2,782+0.83%
1948 3,312+1.96%
1960 2,868−1.19%
1970 3,757+2.73%
1975 3,984+1.18%
1980 4,341+1.73%
1990 5,729+2.81%
1995 5,772+0.14%
2000 6,717+3.30%
2007 7,517+1.56%
2010 7,907+1.86%
2015 8,579+1.57%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][7][10][11]

In the 2015 census, Basco had a population of 8,579.[3] The population density was 170 inhabitants per square kilometre (440/sq mi).

Transportation[edit]

Basco is accessible by air from Manila via Basco Airport. It is served by PAL Express and SKYJET, and via Tuguegarao in Cagayan by Regional Airlines like NorthSky Air and Air Republiq (as of January 2013).[citation needed]

Education[edit]

Schools[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Municipality". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 31 May 2013.
  2. ^ a b "Province: Batanes". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  3. ^ a b c d e Census of Population (2015). "Region II (Cagayan Valley)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  4. ^ "Municipal: Basco, Batanes". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 8 January 2016.
  5. ^ "Republic Act No. 1332; An Act to Convert the Sitio of Diptan in the Municipality of Basco, Province of Batanes, into a Barrio to Be Known As the Barrio of San Antonio De Padua of Said Municipality". LawPH.com. Archived from the original on 3 May 2012.
  6. ^ "Republic Act No. 1334; An Act to Convert the Sitios of Coral, Hago, Tuva, Diojango, Canalaan, Honaan and Dimnalamay, into a Barrio to Be Known As the Barrio of San Joaquin, in the Municipality of Basco, Province of Batanes". LawPH.com. Archived from the original on 3 May 2012. Retrieved 18 October 2018.
  7. ^ a b Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region II (Cagayan Valley)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  8. ^ "Basco, Batanes Climatological Normal Values". Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration. Archived from the original on 8 October 2018. Retrieved 8 October 2018.
  9. ^ "Basco, Batanes Climatological Extremes". Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration. Archived from the original on 8 October 2018. Retrieved 8 October 2018.
  10. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region II (Cagayan Valley)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  11. ^ "Province of Batanes". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.

External links[edit]