Basel Program

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
The original "Basel Program", as agreed at the conference. The only amendment made during the debate at the Congress – addition of the word öffentlich – can be seen inserted via a curly bracket.[1]

The Basel Program was the first manifesto of the Zionist movement, drafted between 27-30 August 1897 and adopted unanimously at the First Zionist Congress in Basel (Basle), Switzerland on 30 August 1897.

In 1951 it was replaced by the Jerusalem Program.


The Basel Program was drafted by a committee elected on Sunday 29 August 1897[2] comprising Max Nordau (heading the committee),[3] Nathan Birnbaum, Alexander Mintz, Siegmund Rosenberg, Saul Rafael Landau,[4][3][5] together with Hermann Schapira and Max Bodenheimer who were added to the committee on the basis of them having both drafted previous similar programs (including the "Kölner Thesen").[2]

The seven-man committee prepared the Program over three drafting meetings.[2]


The program set out the goals of the Zionist movement as follows:[1]

The original draft did not include the word for "publicly recognized"; this was the only amendment made during the debate at the Congress, and can be seen in the final version with the word öffentlich inserted via a curly bracket.[1] The amended draft was approved unanimously by the 200-person congress.[1]


  1. ^ a b c d Jubilee Publication 1947, p. 74-76.
  2. ^ a b c Jubilee Publication 1947, p. 73.
  3. ^ a b Epstein 2016, p. 54,83-87.
  4. ^ Bodenheimer 1963, p. 102"...the commission, whose members were Nordau, Nathan Birnbaum, Sigmund Rosenberg, Dr. Minz, and Saul Rafael Landau was formed, and in addition Professor Schapira and I were also included..."
  5. ^ Skolnik, Fred; Berenbaum, Michael (2007), Encyclopaedia Judaica, Macmillan Reference USA, p. 202, ISBN 978-0-02-865931-2