Bases Autónomas

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Bases Autónomas
Autonomous Bases
FounderCarlos Rodrigo Ruiz de Castro
Fernando Fernández Perdices
Founded1983
Dissolved1995
NewspaperLa Peste Negra
¡A por ellos!
IdeologySpanish nationalism
Neonazism
Third Position
Political positionFar-right

Bases Autónomas (Bases Autonomes in French; "Autonomous Bases") was a Spanish neo-Nazi group, later moving to France, and known for its youthful membership and its violent rhetoric and propaganda.

History[edit]

The group was formed in Madrid in 1983 under the leadership of Carlos Rodrigo Ruiz de Castro and Fernando Fernández Perdices (both lawyers) and the student Ignacio Alonso García.[1] The group sought to inaugurate a much greater youth participation in far right politics.[1] They published magazines that encouraged violent action, such as La Peste Negra (The black plague) and ¡A Por Ellos! (Get them!), and used the Celtic cross as their symbol.[1] It has been described as "anarcho-fascist".[2]

Membership was largely made up of football hooligan Ultras and racist skinheads who operated in small cells.[1] The violence of the group, such as large scale attacks on anarchist and communist groups and several attacks on state institutions, attracted much police scrutiny[1] and the Bases Autónomas were finally disbanded as an organization in the mid-1990s. However given the cell-based nature of the movement, which took its organisational, if not its ideological, impetus from anarchism, some individual cells continued to exist for some time after this.[3]

The organization committed several terrorist actions, including the attack on the MPs of Herri Batasuna, killing he MP Josu Muguruza Guarrotxena and severely injuring Iñaki Esnaola. In 1995 3 members of the group killed Ricardo Rodríguez García.[4]

Following the disappearance of the group a number of leading members went on to join the CEDADE-linked political party National Democracy, notably Juan A. Aguilar who became a leading figure in the España 2000 coalition.[5] Others became heavily involved in the white power music scene, helping to promote such Spanish bands as Estirpe Imperial, Division 250 Klan, Zetme 88 and Reconquista.[6]

The French BBAA network: Rise, Fall and Revival[edit]

The French Bases Autonomes were founded on the 1st of August 1991 by members of Serge Ayoub's Jeunesses Nationalistes Révolutionnaires (JNR), a white power skinhead gang of the nationalist revolutionary tendency, following the schism within Troisième Voie, a French Third Position organisation founded in 1985 by a merger of the small neo-fascist Mouvement nationaliste révolutionnaire, which gathered former members of François Duprat's Revolutionary Nationalist Groups (GNR), with dissidents from the Parti des forces nouvelles.[7][8][9][10][11]

The French Bases Autonomes were conceived after their Spanish model of the Basas Autonomas. The name of their ideological newsletter, Première Ligne, was also inspired by the newsletter Primera linea of the Juntas de Ofensiva Nacional-Sindicalista.

After his return to France in the middle of the first decade of the 21st century, Serge Ayoub revamped the concept of the Bases Autonomes which he called Bases Autonomes Durables (sustainable autonomous bases).

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e José L. Rodríguez Jiménez, Antisemitism and the Extreme Right in Spain (1962–1997)
  2. ^ Casals 1995, p. 226.
  3. ^ Stephen Roth Institute, Anti-Semitism Worldwide, 1999/2000, University of Nebraska Press, 2001, p. 110
  4. ^ Tres neonazis, detenidos por el asesinato de Costa Polvoranca.
  5. ^ Stephen Roth, Stephen Roth Institute, Antisemitism Worldwide, 2000/1, University of Nebraska Press, 2002, pp. 139-140
  6. ^ Stephen Roth Institute, Anti-Semitism Worldwide, 1999/2000, p. 112
  7. ^ Annuaire de l'extrême-droite en France: Troisième Voie
  8. ^ Eric Rossi, Hugues Portelli, Jeunesse française des années 80-90: La tentation néo-fasciste, Presses Universitaires de Paris, 1995, page 298
  9. ^ Jean-Yves Camus, René Monzat, Les Droites nationales et radicales en France: répertoire critique, Presses Universitaires de Lyon, 1992, pp. 249 et 337
  10. ^ Jean-Yves Camus, Centre européen de recherche et d'action sur le racisme et l'antisémitisme, Extrémismes en Europe, 1997, p. 165
  11. ^ Panorama des Actes Racistes et de l'Extremisme de Droite en Europe, CEDIDELP/CRIDA, Centre de recherche d'information et de documentation antiraciste, 1998, p. 98

Bibliography[edit]

  • Casals, Xavier (1995). Neonazis en España. De las audiciones wagnerianas a los skinheads (1966-1995) (in Spanish). Barcelona: Grijalbo. ISBN 84-253-2804-7.