Bashiqa

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Bashiqa is located in Iraqi Kurdistan
Bashiqa
Bashiqa
Mosul
Mosul
Bashiqa within Northern Iraq
A Yazidi shrine in Bashiqa (1955)
A Yazidi shrine in Bashiqa destroyed by ISIS in 2014

Bashiqa (Kurdish: Başîk, Arabic: بعشيقة, Ba'shiqah‎‎, Syriac: ܒܝܬ ܥܫܝܩܐ‎) is a town in the Mosul District of the Ninawa Governorate in northern Iraq. Its name comes from the Assyrian Neo-Aramaic words "Bet" and "Ashiqa," meaning "House of lovers." Bashiqa's residents are mostly Yazidis and Shabaks, with a minority of Assyrians, and Arab Muslims.[1][2] Bashiqa is famous for its olive trees, olive oil, and soap. It is also famous for its onion, pickles and arak. It used to be a tourist destination for the locals in Mosul and Iraqis in general. Bashiqa is surrounded by farms of olives all around the town and there is a small mountain to the north. The Yazidis in Bashiqa and its twin village Bahzani speak Arabic as their mother language.[3]

Bashiqa is official Iraqi territory but is controlled and claimed by the Kurdistan Regional Government since the fall of Saddam Hussein in 2003. According to Article 140 of the Iraqi constitution, a referendum should decide whether it should continue to be managed by the central government or the KRG. The status of the city is still not fully understood. According to reports by Human Rights Watch (2011), UNHCR (2007) and other human rights organizations the townspeople are forced and threatened with violence if they should not vote for inclusion of the city in the Kurdistan Region.[4][5][6]

In the town square of Bashiqa, Du'a Khalil Aswad, a young woman from the Yazidi community, was stoned to death in 2007 by a large crowd of men in an "honor killing".[7][8][9]

In 2012, car bombs went off in the town.[10]

In June 2014, ISIL militia took over the city, and changed the name to Du'a city. Yazidi civilians fled the city in 2014.[11][12] The region has seen fighting between ISIL and Kurdish Peshmerga forces,[13] but was under ISIL control in August 2015.[14]

Turkish soldiers were deployed in a training mission in the Mosul District in 2015, without authorization of Baghdad, but with permission of Iraqi Kurdistan.[15][16][17][18] However, Iraq called for help from Turkey when the Prime Minister of Iraq, Haider Al-Abadi, spoke at a conference during his visit to Turkey in December 25, 2014.[19][20]

On 7 November 2016, during the Battle of Mosul, Kurdish Peshmerga fighters launched a massive offensive to liberate the town from ISIL control. Peshmerga had surrounded the town for two weeks.[21] There were believed to be 100 to 200 ISIL militants left.[22] Commander Kaka Hama said the Peshmerga descended from three fronts, and that coalition airstrikes played a large role in the assault. In the early afternoon, it was reported that Bashiqa was liberated and that the Peshmerga were in full control.[21]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Bashiqa - Iraq Business News". Iraq Business News. 
  2. ^ Belz, Mindy (2016-07-05). They Say We Are Infidels: One the run with persecuted Christians in the Middle East. Lion Books. ISBN 9780745968681. 
  3. ^ electricpulp.com. "YAZIDIS i. GENERAL – Encyclopaedia Iranica". www.iranicaonline.org. Retrieved 2016-09-25. 
  4. ^ "Iraq's Disputed Territories" (PDF). United States Institute of Peace. 
  5. ^ "On Vulnerable Ground" (PDF). Human Rights Watch (HRW). 
  6. ^ "UNHCR's ELIGIBILITY GUIDELINES FOR ASSESSING THE INTERNATIONAL PROTECTION NEEDS OF IRAQI ASYLUM-SEEKERS" (PDF). United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR). 
  7. ^ "The moment a teenage girl was stoned to death for loving the wrong boy". World news. Daily Mail. 2007-05-03. Retrieved 2016-10-23. 
  8. ^ Iraq: 'Honour Killing' of teenage girl condemned as abhorrent (May 2, 2007). Amnesty.org.uk. Retrieved 2016-10-23.
  9. ^ Freedom Lost by Mark Lattimer, December 13, 2007 in The Guardian. Retrieved 2016-10-23
  10. ^ Christine van den Toorn. "look at 'little iraq' shows why iraq is so troubled". Niqash. Retrieved 8 December 2015. 
  11. ^ "Mass grave of Yazidis in Iraq tells horror story". USA TODAY. 12 November 2015. 
  12. ^ "Kurdish families escape ISIS-held Bashiqa". Rudaw. 
  13. ^ "IS launches twin attacks on Peshmerga near Mosul". NRT English. Nalia Corporation. 
  14. ^ "Peshmerga, US strikes fail to dislodge ′Islamic State′". DW.COM. 9 August 2015. 
  15. ^ Humeyra Pamuk and Orhan Coskun (5 December 2015). "Turkish soldiers training Iraqi troops near Mosul: sources". Reuters. 
  16. ^ "Iraq demands Turkish troops withdraw from near Mosul". BBC News. 
  17. ^ "Turkish troops go into Iraq to train forces fighting Isis". The Guardian. 
  18. ^ "Northern Iraq: Turkish army sets up base in Christian-Yezidi town". EzidiPress English. 
  19. ^ Abadi demanded military help from Turkey against Daish in Bashiqa
  20. ^ Iraqi PM Abadi demanded military help from Turkey against Daish
  21. ^ a b "Mosul Offensive Day 22: Peshmerga attack ISIS in Bashiqa". Rudaw Media Network. 7 November 2016. Retrieved 7 November 2016. 
  22. ^ "Peshmerga in heavy gun battle with ISIL near Mosul". Al Jazeera. 7 November 2016. Retrieved 7 November 2016. 

Coordinates: 36°27′N 43°21′E / 36.450°N 43.350°E / 36.450; 43.350