Basil A. Paterson
Basil A. Paterson
|58th Secretary of State of New York|
January 1, 1979 – January 1, 1983
|Preceded by||Mario Cuomo|
|Succeeded by||Gail S. Shaffer|
|Member of the|
New York State Senate
January 1, 1966 – December 31, 1970
|Preceded by||Bernard G. Gordon|
|Succeeded by||Sidney A. von Luther|
|Constituency||31st district (1966)|
27th district (1967–70)
|Deputy Mayor of New York City|
January 1, 1978 – January 1, 1979
|Appointed by||Ed Koch|
Basil Alexander Paterson
April 27, 1926
New York City, U.S.
|Died||April 16, 2014 (aged 87)|
New York City, U.S.
|Children||2, including David|
|Alma mater||St. John's University (B.S., J.D.)|
|Branch/service||United States Army|
|Battles/wars||World War II|
Basil Alexander Paterson (April 27, 1926 – April 16, 2014) was an American labor lawyer and politician. He served in the New York State Senate from 1966 to 1971 and as secretary of state of New York under Governor Hugh Carey from 1979 to 1983. In 1970, Paterson was the Democratic nominee for Lieutenant Governor of New York on the Arthur Goldberg ticket. Paterson's son David served as governor from 2008 to 2010.
Birth and early life
Paterson was born in Harlem on April 27, 1926, the son of Leonard James and Evangeline Alicia (Rondon) Paterson. His father was born on the island of Carriacou in the Grenadines and arrived in New York City aboard the S.S. Vestris on May 16, 1917. His mother was born in Kingston, Jamaica and arrived in Philadelphia on September 9, 1919, aboard the S.S. Vestnorge (with a final destination of New York City). A stenographer by profession, the former Miss Rondon once served as a secretary for Marcus Garvey.
In 1942, at the age of 16, Paterson graduated from De Witt Clinton High School in the Bronx. He was shaped by his experiences with racism early on. "I got out of high school when I was 16," Paterson told The New York Times columnist Bob Herbert, "and the first real job I had was with a wholesale house in the old Port Authority building, down on 18th Street. We'd pack and load these trucks that went up and down in huge elevators. Every year there would be a Christmas party for the employees at some local hotel. Those of us who worked in the shipping department were black. We got paid not to go to the party."
Paterson attended college at St. John's University, but his studies were interrupted by a two-year stint in the U.S. Army during World War II. After serving honorably, he returned to St. John's to complete his undergraduate studies. While there, he was active in social and community service organizations including the Kappa Alpha Psi fraternity—where he joined the ranks of the Omicron chapter of New York (now at Columbia University) in 1947. Paterson graduated with a B.S. degree in biology in 1948. He was later admitted to St. John's University Law School, where he received a Juris Doctor degree in 1951.
Paterson became involved in Democrat politics in Harlem in the 1950s. Along with former Mayor David Dinkins, Manhattan Borough President Percy Sutton, and Congressman Charles Rangel, he was a leader of the influential Gang of Four (also known as the "Harlem Clubhouse").
New York State Senate
Paterson was elected to the New York State Senate in 1966 and represented the Upper West Side and Harlem in the 176th, 177th and 178th New York State Legislatures. While in office, he played a key role in preventing Columbia University from building a gym in Morningside Park.
Lieutenant Governor campaign
In 1970, Paterson vacated his senate seat to run for Lieutenant Governor of New York alongside former U.S. Supreme Court Justice Arthur Goldberg. In the primary, Paterson received the most 100,000 more than votes than his ticket mate, who ran a close race against Howard Samuels.[clarification needed] During the election, Albany machine boss Daniel P. O'Connell stated “He's the only white man on the ticket.”
The Goldberg/Paterson ticket ultimately lost to Republican incumbents Gov. Nelson Rockefeller and Lt. Gov. Malcolm Wilson. Paterson was passed over for the 1974 Governor's race even though he was the highest vote-getter in 1970. His son, David Paterson, would go on to become Lt. Governor in January 2007.
In 1978, Paterson was appointed Deputy Mayor of New York City by Ed Koch. He stepped down from that post in 1979 to become Secretary of State of New York in Governor Hugh Carey's administration. Paterson was the first African-American to hold the post, and he served until 1983.
As Koch prepared to seek a third term in 1985, Paterson explored a mayoral candidacy of his own but ultimately chose not to run.
Personal life and family
Paterson was the father of 55th Governor of New York David Paterson. David, prior to his tenure as Governor, served in the state Senate from 1985 to 2006. David ran at the behest of Percy Sutton, after the death of Leon Bogues. David rose to the post of state senate minority leader from 2003 to 2006. He was subsequently elected lieutenant governor in 2006 on a ticket with Gov. Eliot Spitzer. David Paterson succeeded to the governor's office upon Spitzer's resignation on March 17, 2008. Basil was present at his son's swearing in and was recognized by his son during his speech.
Death and legacy
Paterson died on April 16, 2014, at Mount Sinai Hospital in Manhattan, shortly before his 88th birthday. In 2020 David Paterson published a biography of his father titled Black, Blind, & In Charge: A Story of Visionary Leadership and Overcoming Adversity.
- Paterson, David “Black, Blind, & In Charge: A Story of Visionary Leadership and Overcoming Adversity.” New York, New York, 2020
- Dinkins, David, A Mayor's Life: Governing New York's Gorgeous Mosaic, PublicAffairs Books, 2013
- Rangel, Charles B.; Wynter, Leon(2007)And I Haven't Had a Bad Day Since: From the Streets of Harlem to the Halls of Congress New York: St. Martin's Press.
- Walker, John C.The Harlem Fox: J. Raymond Jones at Tammany 1920:1970, New York: State University New York Press, 1989.
- Howell, Ron Boss of Black Brooklyn: The Life and Times of Bertram L. Baker Fordham University Press Bronx, New York 2018
- "Philadelphia Passenger Lists, 1800-1945 [database on-line]". United States: The Generations Network. September 9, 1919. Archived from the original on July 19, 2008. Retrieved July 19, 2008.
- "The Honorable Basil Paterson". The History Makers. January 18, 2007. Archived from the original on August 20, 2018. Retrieved May 16, 2022.
- Phelps, Shirelle, ed. (1998). Who's Who Among African Americans (11th ed.). Detroit, Michigan, London: Gale Research. p. 1005. ISBN 0-7876-2469-1.
- Best, Tony (March 16, 2008). "Paterson claims Caribbean roots". The Daily Nation. Barbados. Retrieved March 20, 2008.
- "New NY Governor is son of Caribbean nationals". Barbados: Caribbean Broadcasting Corporation. Archived from the original on March 15, 2008. Retrieved March 20, 2008.
- "World War I Draft Registration Card [database on-line]". United States: The Generations Network. June 5, 1917. Archived from the original on July 17, 2008. Retrieved July 17, 2008.
- "New York Passenger Lists, 1820-1957 [database on-line]". United States: The Generations Network. May 16, 1917. Archived from the original on July 17, 2008. Retrieved July 17, 2008.
- Herbert, Bob (March 15, 2008). "The Winds of Albany". The New York Times. Retrieved March 20, 2008.
- "Basil A. Paterson". United States: Meyer, Suozzi, English & Klein, P.C. Archived from the original on April 12, 2008. Retrieved April 19, 2008.
- Schapiro, Rich (December 27, 2009). "Harlem 'trailblazer', former World War II Tuskegee Airmen Percy Sutton dies". Daily News. New York.
- Roberts, Sam (December 27, 2006). "Paterson & Son, Offices in Harlem and Albany". The New York Times.
- Douglas, Carlyle C.; Finder, Alan (September 30, 1984). "Paterson Decides To Keep His Hat On His Head". The New York Times.
- "Basil Paterson Named Port Authority Commissioner".
- Langer, Emily (April 18, 2014). "Basil A. Paterson, power broker in New York politics, dies at 87". Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved June 18, 2021.
- "Basil Paterson dead, trailblazing NY politician and former Gov. David Paterson's father was 87". Newsday. November 2, 2010. Retrieved April 17, 2014.
- Roberts, Sam (December 27, 2006). "Paterson & Son, Offices in Harlem and Albany". The New York Times. Archived from the original on March 10, 2009. Retrieved March 20, 2008.
- "Why David Paterson's Book of Trials Resonates".
- Paterson, David (September 28, 2020). Black, Blind, & in Charge: A Story of Visionary Leadership and Overcoming Adversity. ISBN 9781510756335.