Basilaki Island

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Basilaki Island
Nickname: Moresby Island
Karta PG Louisiade isl.PNG
Louisiade Archipelago, Basilaki on the top left.
Basilaki Island is located in Papua New Guinea
Basilaki Island
Location within Papua New Guinea
Location Oceania
Coordinates 10°37′19″S 151°00′55″E / 10.62194°S 151.01528°E / -10.62194; 151.01528Coordinates: 10°37′19″S 151°00′55″E / 10.62194°S 151.01528°E / -10.62194; 151.01528[1]
Archipelago Louisiade Archipelago
Adjacent bodies of water Solomon Sea
Total islands 1
Major islands
  • Basilaki     
Area 106 km2 (41 sq mi)
Length 17 km (10.6 mi)
Width 10 km (6 mi)
Coastline 87.6 km (54.43 mi)
Highest elevation 531 m (1,742 ft)
Highest point Mount Kova Sina
Province  Milne Bay
Island Group Samarai Islands
Island Group Basilaki Islands
Ward Split
Largest settlement
(population 300)
Demonym Papuan people
Population 1883 (2014)
Pop. density 18 /km2 (47 /sq mi)
Ethnic groups Papauans, Austronesians, Melanesians.
Additional information
Time zone
Official website

Basilaki Island (Moresby Island[2]) is an island in the Louisiade Archipelago in Milne Bay Province, Papua New Guinea. It is located at the eastern end of the New Guinea mainland.


First recorded sighting by Europeans was by the Spanish expedition of Luís Vaez de Torres on 18 July 1606, that charted it as San Buenaventura (after Saint Bonaventure).[3][4][5]

A party of French naturalists was believed to have been murdered in James Bay in October 1880.[6][7]

This island was the scene of the murder of 2 sailors by natives in Hoopiron Bay, July 28, 1885.[8] The men were Captain John Friar and John Watkins, a carpenter of the Lallah Rook, a schooner[9] registered in Saint John, New Brunswick. The vessel anchored in the bay to take on fresh water. After the murders, the crew sailed away.[10]

The murders were revenge taken for two unpaid-for deaths of natives in Friar's employ. Despite a two-day search of the island on October 16, by the crews of the Governor Blackall, and HMS Diamond and HMS Raven (1882), the murderers were not found, although the skulls of Friar and the carpenter were recovered and given a burial at sea.[11] Later the Diamond returned and burned all the villages nearby. [12]

3 planes were ditched off the island in 1943, a P-38H Lightning, a P-38F Lightning, and a B-24D Liberator "The Leila Belle" (MIA).[13]


The island is part of the following Wards:

  • Hamama, on the western part.
  • Buairi, which is on Buairi island, includes a small portion of the western part.
  • Habani, on the south-central area.
  • Gigia, on the north-central area. (with Bwanadalu island)
  • Bedauna, on the southeast area (with Kitai islands)
  • Yokowa, on the northeast area.

All Wards belong to Bwanabwana Rural Local Level Government Area LLG, Samarai-Murua District, which are in Milne Bay Province.[14]


Basilaki is located on the east of Samarai Islands of the Louisiade Archipelago. The island is part of the Basilaki group. Mount Kova Sina (Fairfax) reaches a height of 531 meters, and is located at the center of the island. Mount Baiaule is 444 meters, and is located at the center of the island. Mount Salawie is 333 meters, and is located at the south of the island.


The population of 1883 is living in 37 villages across the island.[15] Yokowa, where the school is located, is the largest village. although, the main dock is at Habani, at the other side of the island. List of villages: Hoopiron Bay, Gaiogaiokawasi, Baiaule, Hilomai, Habani, Halahalawuwu, Salewai, Wetoa, Dauyai, Hiliki, Towina, Kawalolo, Bedauna, Mwahui, Kalotau, Taladio, Agarauna, Huba, Yokowa, Dahidahina, Siu, Pihigole, Gigia, Doba, Tanubuibuina, Delina, Tutuila, Hewoli, Hamama, Duiauna, Nuanuatieu, Gogolabia, Hakalihi, Bogala, Kalamadau, Yahala.


The islanders, are farmers as opposed to eastern Louisiade Archipelago islanders. they grow Sago, Taro, and Yams for crops.


There is a dock at Habani.


  1. ^ Prostar Sailing Directions 2004 New Guinea Enroute, p. 168
  2. ^ Admiralty hydrogr. dept (1879). "Moresby Island". The Australia directory. Vol.2. 2nd-6th ed. [With]. pp. 520–521. 
  3. ^ Coello, Francisco "Notas sobre los planos de las bahias descubiertas en el año 1606 en las islas de Espiritú Santo y de Nueva Guinea, que dibujo el capitán Don Diego de Prado y Tovar, en igual fecha"" Boletín de Sociedad Geográfica de Madrid, t.IV. 1º semestre 1878, Madrid, p.67
  4. ^ Sharp, Andrew The discovery of the Pacific Islands Oxford, 1960, p.66.
  5. ^ Brand, Donald D. The Pacific Basin: A History of its Geographical Explorations The American Geographical Society, New York, 1967, p.137.
  6. ^ "Further massacres...". The Record-Union. Sacramento, California. 30 Dec 1880. p. 4. Retrieved 21 July 2015 – via 
  7. ^ "Further atrocities in the South Seas". Daily Honolulu Press. 19 Feb 1881. p. 1. Retrieved 21 July 2015 – via 
  8. ^ Resurgo says July 2
  9. ^ Resurgo says barque
  10. ^ Pincombe, C. Alexander; Larracey, Edward W. (1990). Resurgo : the history of Moncton. 1. New Brunswick, Can.: City of Moncton. pp. 210–211. ISBN 0969463405. 
  11. ^ Sir Peter Scratchley (1887). "New Guinea". Australian defences and New Guinea. Macmillan. p. 344. 
  12. ^ Sir Peter Scratchley (1887). "Sir Peter's Diary". Australian defences and New Guinea. Macmillan. p. 305, fn1. 
  13. ^ Basilaki Island Pacific Wrecks
  14. ^ LLG map
  15. ^ map