Basildon and Billericay (UK Parliament constituency)
|Basildon and Billericay|
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Basildon and Billericay in Essex.
Location of Essex within England.
|Population||89,687 (2011 census)|
|Electorate||65,373 (December 2010)|
|Member of parliament||John Baron (Conservative)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||Basildon, Billericay|
|European Parliament constituency||East of England|
The seat merged a majority of the previous constituency of Billericay with parts of the former Basildon constituency – mostly around the centre of Basildon.
The seat was created for the 2010 general election following a review of the Parliamentary representation of Essex by the Boundary Commission for England. The election was won by the Conservative Party by a large majority although it had a nominal Labour Party status[clarification needed] based on its electoral wards.
- History of former Basildon constituency
Basildon was one of the best known bellwether constituencies in the UK, having voted for the winning party in each election since 1974. The failure of the Labour Party to win it in the 1992 election – Basildon was the first marginal seat to declare a result – notably foreshadowed Labour's fourth straight defeat at the hands of the Conservative Party.
Basildon was a (famously) Conservative seat between 1979 (when the seat also included the towns of Billericay and Wickford) and from 1983 to 1997 when the seat comprised the new town on its own. Much of its population has its origins in the East End of London, which as a group has traditionally voted for the Labour Party.
However, throughout the 1980s and until the Labour landslide victory of 1997 the seat was won by the Conservative Party. In 1983 the result was a controversial one with many attributing the Conservative success to the intervention of an SDP candidate (Sue Slipman) and certainly the result briefly turned the seat into a three way marginal. During this period the MP was David Amess, who himself originated from Plaistow in East London and now holds the safer seat of Southend West.
Labour took the seat in 1997 and 2001 with a large majority, and in 2005 with a reduced majority, following the national result as all bellwether seats.
- History of former Billericay constituency
Billericay was not a bellwether — from 2001 until the 2010 boundary change it had a Conservative MP, John Baron, who secured re-election in the new seat at the 2010 election.
During the late 20th century the seat elected two non-conforming characters to Westminster: Harvey Proctor, a right-wing MP who resigned over gay sex charges with underage rent boys, for which he was prosecuted, and Teresa Gorman, anti-Maastricht rebel who stood down after accusing the Standards and Privileges Committee of the House of Commons of sexism over questions surrounding her registered business dealings.
Members of Parliament
The current MP is the Conservative John Baron.
Elections in the 2010s
|Liberal Democrat||Antonia Harrison||1,548||3.4||0.4|
|Liberal Democrat||Martin Thompson||1,636||3.8||11.9|
|Liberal Democrat||Mike Hibbs||6,538||15.7||2.5|
- * Served as an MP in the 2005–2010 Parliament
Notes and references
- "Usual Resident Population, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 27 January 2015.
- "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "B" (part 1)
- "Basildon & Billericay parliamentary constituency - Election 2017". BBC News. Retrieved 9 June 2017.
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Basildon & Billericay parliamentary constituency - Election 2017" – via www.bbc.com.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "BBC News - Election 2010 - Constituency - Basildon & Billericay". news.bbc.co.uk.