Basilica and Convent of Nossa Senhora do Carmo, Recife

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Basílica e Convento de Nossa Senhora do Carmo
Igreja da Ordem Terceira de Nossa Senhora do Carmo em Recife.JPG
Location Recife
Country  Brazil
Denomination Roman Catholic Church
Architecture
Style Baroque
Groundbreaking 1665
Completed 1767

The Basilica and Convent of Nossa Senhora do Carmo[1] (English: Basilica and Convent of Our Lady of Mount Carmel)[2] Also Basilica of Recife It is a catholic architectural complex, belonging to the Our Lady of Mount Carmel, that is in Recife,[3] Pernambuco State, Brazil.[4]

History[edit]

View of the Pátio do Carmo in 1863.

The first Carmelite friars arrived in Brazil in 1580, coming from Portugal. In 1584, with the foundation of a convent in Olinda the first one built in Brazil, the first Brazilian festivity was held in honor to Our Lady of Mount Carmel.

In 1654 the Our Lady of Mount Carmel was established in Recife. In 1665, Captain Diogo Cavalcanti Vasconcelos began the construction of the basilica and ordered the execution of the main chapel at his own expense, without the royal license which, demanded in 1674, was granted only on March 8, 1687. In that same year the Palácio da Boa Vista, erected by John Maurice, Prince of Nassau-Siegen, was donated to the Order to be integrated to the complex of the Basilica and the Convent. The temple was completed almost one hundred years later, in 1767.

In this church the head of Zumbi dos Palmares was exposed until complete decomposition.

The church is next to the Convent do Carmo, where Frei Caneca made his religious vows and he became a priest, and where he is supposed to be buried.

In 1909 the Our Lady of Mount Carmel was proclaimed Patroness of Recife, and 21 of September 1919 was "crowned". In 1917, the church was added to the St. Peter's Basilica in the Vatican City. In 1922, the temple was elevated to the status of basilica.

The Basilica and the Convent do Carmo were registered on October 5, 1938 by the National Institute of Historic and Artistic Heritage (IPHAN).

Architecture[edit]

Interior.

The church follows the Baroque style. The main body has two floors, both with three openings of bowed arches and ornaments in stonemasonry. In the upper floor, between the windows, there are two niches with statues, interconnected in the upper part of oculuss filled with grids, and also framed. Above, triangular frontispiece of truncated vertices and curved sides, with shield of the Order, heavy flowery volutes, and culminating with a niche with image of Our Lady, pinnacles and a cross. Laterally the church has two towers, the one on the right remains unfinished, and the one on the left, about 50 meters high, stands on four floors, with openings of shape of varying size: that of the base is a door with arch, and a successively open arch door, with a baluster, a simple oculus, and a bell-window also in full arc. Crowning the tower, dome with several ornate overlapping cornices, oculus, pinnacles and cross.

In the interior its decoration in gilt is priceless. Among the highlights are the twelve secondary altars and the main chapel, with its fabulous altarpiece with a life-size image of Our Lady of Mount Carmel, lined with angels and saints, in a frame of luxuriant work of gold carving. The other altars are also richly decorated, highlighting those of Our Lady of the Candles and the one of St. Teresa of Ávila, Sts. Crispin and Crispinian.

Several interventions in the 19th and 20th centuries ended up de-characterizing some original aspects of the interior, especially the painting of the carvings. Practically the whole Basilica was repainted in white and gold. A recent restoration project, which removed the overcoating layers, revealed all the beauty of the marbled decoration typical of the 18th century, with the Basilica being reopened on July 6, 2001, after three years of work. Other alterations in the main altar included the enthronement of the present image of Our Lady, another one of Christ and the installation of a reliquary to guard the sacramental breads. The restoration of the chapel also contemplated the rosewood chair, with the restoration of lost parts of the wood and the recovery of the six panels with images of saints and the six tribunes with balusters that are above the stall.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Basilica of Our Lady of Carmel in Recife
  2. ^ Robinson, Alex & Gardenia (2014-03-10). Recife and Northeast Brazil Footprint Focus Guide: Includes Olinda, Fortaleza, Penedo, Pipa, Souza, Fernando de Noronha. Footprint Travel Guides. ISBN 9781909268876.
  3. ^ Vries, Alexandra de; Blore, Shawn (2012-04-24). Frommer's? Brazil. John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 9781118086063.
  4. ^ Bueno, Rui Sá Silva Barros E. Ciça (2009-11-30). A Contente Mãe Gentil Rumo Ao Bicentenário (in Portuguese). Clube de Autores.
  5. ^ Recife Sagrado: Basílica de Nossa Senhora do Carmo, January 27, 2017