Basilica of Sant'Agostino, Rome
St. Augustine (in English)
Sancti Augustini (in Latin)
Facade of Sant'Agostino, by Giacomo di Pietrasanta (1483)
|Ecclesiastical or organizational status||Titular church|
Sant'Agostino is a Roman Catholic church in the piazza of the same name near Piazza Navona, in the rione Sant'Eustachio, of Rome, Italy. It is one of the first Roman churches built during the Renaissance.
The construction the church was funded by Guillaume d'Estouteville, Archbishop of Rouen and Cardinal Camerlengo (1477-1483). The façade was built in 1483 by Giacomo di Pietrasanta, using travertine taken from the Colosseum. The design of the church is attributed to the late 15th century architect Baccio Pintelli, with later 18th century restorations of the interior by Luigi Vanvitelli. It is a plain work of the early Renaissance style.
The most famous work of art presently in the church is the Madonna di Loreto in the Cavalletti Chapel, an important Baroque painting by Caravaggio. The church also contains a Guercino canvas of Saints Augustine, John the Evangelist and Jerome; a fresco of the Prophet Isaiah by Raphael; and the statues of the Saint Anne and Virgin with Child, by Andrea Sansovino and of the Madonna del Parto (Our Lady of Childbirth) by his pupil, Jacopo Sansovino. The latter sculpture, based, according to a legend, on an ancient statue of Agrippina holding Nero in her arms, is reputed by tradition to work miracles in childbirth. The statue is laden with thank-offerings and always surrounded by offerings of flowers and candles. In 1616, the 17th-century Baroque artist Giovanni Lanfranco decorated the Buongiovanni Chapel (in the left transept) with three canvases and a ceiling fresco of the Assumption. The church also houses Melchiorre Caffà's sculpture "St. Thomas of Villanova Distributing Alms", completed by his mentor Ercole Ferrata.
The church contains the tomb of Saint Monica, mother of Saint Augustine, that of Fiammetta, lover of Cesare Borgia and a famous courtesan, and that of Olav Trondsson, archbishop of Norway 1459 - 1473. His tombstone has the inscription "CVI DEDERAT SACRAM MERITO NORVEGIA SEDEM HIC TEGIT OLAVI FRIGIDVS OSSA LAPIS", meaning: "Here a cold stone covers the bones of Olav, to whom Norway rightly gave the holy chair."
The inscriptions found in S. Agostino, a valuable source illustrating the history of the church, have been collected and published by Vincenzo Forcella.
List of Cardinal-Protectors
Pope Sixtus V (1585-1590) established the church as a cardinalate title in April 1587.
- Gregorio Petrocchini, OESA, (23 March 1590–28 May 1608)
- Fabrizio Veralli, (10 December 1608–17 November 1624)
- Berlinghiero Gessi, (19 July 1627–6 April 1639)
- Ottaviano Raggi, (10 February 1642–31 December 1942)
- Niccolò Albergati-Ludovisi, (24 April 1645–25 June 1646)
- Fabrizio Savelli, (16 December 1647–26 February 1659)
- Antonio Bichi, (1 December 1659–14 November 1667)
- Federico Borromeo (iuniore), (23 February 1671–8 August 1672)
- Francesco Lorenzo Brancati di Lauria, (22 September 1681–1 December 1681)
- Carlo Stefano Anastasio Ciceri, (7 July 1687–24 June 1694)
- Enrico Noris, OESA, (2 January 1696–23 February 1704)
- Carlo Agostino Fabroni, (25 June 1706–19 September 1727)
- Angelo Maria Quirini, OSB Cas., (22 December 1727–8 March 1728)
- Gregorio Selleri, OP, (10 May 1728–31 May 1729)
- Marco Antonio Ansidei, (6 July 1729–14 February 1730)
- Bartolomeó Massei, (8 January 1731–20 November 1746)
- Giorgío Doria, (15 December 1745–3 January 1757; 3 January 1757–31 January 1759)
- Gaetano Fantuzzi Gottifredi, (19 November 1759–6 April 1767)
- Mario Marefoschi Compagnoni, (12 December 1770–23 December 1780)
- Paolo Massei, (11 April 1785–9 June 1785)
- Diego Innico Caracciolo Di Martina, (20 October 1800–26 September 1814; 26 September 1814–24 January 1820)
- Cesare Brancadoro, (29 May 1820–12 September 1837)
- Friedrich Johannes Jacob Celestin von Schwarzenberg, (27 January 1842–27 March 1885)
- Antolín Monescillo y Viso, (10 June 1886–11 August 1897)
- Antonio María Cascajares y Azara, (24 March 1898–27 July 1901)
- Sebastiano Martinelli, OESA, (9 June 1902–4 July 1918)
- Aleksander Kakowski, (18 December 1919–30 December 1938)
- Agustín Parrado y García, (22 February 1946–8 October 1946)
- Fernando Quiroga y Palacios, (29 October 1953–7 December 1971)
- Marcelo González Martín, (5 March 1973–25 August 2004)
- Jean-Pierre Ricard, (24 March 2006– present)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Sant'Agostino (Rome).|
- S. Miranda, list of Cardinal Chamberlains of the Holy Roman Church. Retrieved: 2016-03-21.
- New Guide of Rome, Naples and Their Environs, By Mariano Vasi and Antonio Nibby, page 105.
- Rendina, Claudio (2000). La grande enciclopedia di Roma. Rome: Newton Compton.
- John Varriano, Caravaggio: The Art of Realism (University Park, PA: Penn State Press, 2010), pp. 44-46. John T. Spike, Caravaggio: Catalogue of Paintings (New York-London: Abbeville Press, 2010), pp. 148-150.
- Fjellbu, A., et al. (eds.) (1955). Nidaros erkebispestol og bispesete 1153 - 1953. Oslo, Land og kirke. Forcella, p. 15, no. 31.
- V. Forcella, Inscrizioni delle chiese e d' altre edifici di Roma, dal secolo XI fino al secolo XVI Volume V (Roma: Fratelli Bencini, 1875), pp. 1-112. [in Italian and Latin]
- Forcella, p. 103, no. 307.
- P Antonino Ronci and D. Torre, S. Agostino in Campo Marzio, Roma (Roma: D. Torre, [1950?]).