Basilio Basili (March 21, 1804 – 1895) was an Italian tenor and composer.
Basili was born in Macerata. In 1827 he moved to Madrid where he debuted on September 14 at the Teatro de La Cruz singing Otello by Rossini. He moved permanently to Madrid in 1837, where he was a professor and served as a conductor and an occasional composer. In 1839 he made his Spanish opera debut at the Teatro de La Cruz. In 1844 he was appointed Director and Chorus Master of the Italian opera in Madrid. Later he presented and directed a number of performances at the Ventadour of Paris, both music for orchestra and in the opera, revolving around mainly Italian and Castilian Spanish folk music. His most successful was "El Diablo Predicador" in 1846, with lyrics by Ventura de la Vega. Basilio Basili revived the tradition of Spanish musical theatre and in 1847, along with Hilarion Eslava and other musicians, he founded "Espana Musical," a group committed to promoting the cause of Spanish national music.
In 1877 he moved to Argentina upon the invitation of the "Comisión de la Escuela de Musica" in Buenos Aires Province and also gave piano lessons. In Buenos Aires he published several of his compositions. In 1885 he made a long trip to the United States and died in New York in 1895.
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