Basin City, Washington

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Basin City, Washington
Census-designated place
Location of Basin City, Washington
Location of Basin City, Washington
Coordinates: 46°35′29″N 119°8′58″W / 46.59139°N 119.14944°W / 46.59139; -119.14944Coordinates: 46°35′29″N 119°8′58″W / 46.59139°N 119.14944°W / 46.59139; -119.14944
Country United States
State Washington
County Franklin
Area
 • Total 3.2 sq mi (8.3 km2)
 • Land 3.2 sq mi (8.3 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 702 ft (214 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 1,092
 • Density 342/sq mi (132.2/km2)
Time zone Pacific (PST) (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP code 99343
Area code 509
FIPS code 53-04405[1]
GNIS feature ID 1511987[2]

Basin City is an unincorporated community and census-designated place (CDP) in Franklin County, Washington, United States. The population was 1,092 at the 2010 census,[3] up from 968 at the 2000 census.

History[edit]

The town of Basin City was laid out in the 1950s on land owned by dry-land farmer Loen Bailie. The town was established to support the local agricultural community which was being opened to irrigation through the Columbia Basin Project. The new settlers to the area consisted primarily of young farmers from Idaho and southwestern Oregon and World War II veterans, who received preferential status on the purchase of federal lands that were sold as part of the project. Early crops included sugar beets, alfalfa, corn, asparagus, wheat and barley. Later, potatoes, beans, carrots, and onions also became important, while sugar beet production stopped due to closure of a local sugar beet plant. A large number of orchards were planted, and the area is now a major supplier of the famous Washington apples. Cherries and other fruits are also produced locally.

Geography[edit]

Basin City is located in northwestern Franklin County at 46°35′29″N 119°8′58″W / 46.59139°N 119.14944°W / 46.59139; -119.14944 (46.591416, -119.149325).[1] As the name implies, it lies in a basin. The land west of the town slopes gradually downward for about 2 miles (3 km) then rises abruptly by about 300 feet (90 m) at Basin Hill. Basin Hill extends about 6 miles (10 km) southwest of town to the Columbia River, where it forms the southern extent of the "White Bluffs" for which the town of White Bluffs was named. Basin Hill also extends 5–6 miles (8–10 km) to the north, where it is called Sage Hill and then rises a bit higher at Radar Hill, named for an old World War II radar base installed at the peak. A little further to the northwest lie the Saddle Mountains. The tallest peak visible from Basin City is Rattlesnake Mountain, about 25 miles (40 km) to the southwest on the opposite side of the Columbia River. However, from the top of nearby Basin Hill it is possible to see Mount Rainier, which lies approximately 125 miles (201 km) to the west in the Cascade Range. Bailie's Lake, a small lake formed by irrigation runoff, lies to the northwest of town and provides opportunities for fishing and hunting.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the Basin City CDP has a total area of 3.2 square miles (8.3 km2), all of it land.[3] Although the CDP itself is quite small, it serves as the heart of a much larger agricultural community extending for miles in all directions.

Demographics[edit]

As of the census of 2000, there were 968 people, 219 households, and 204 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 302.0 people per square mile (116.4/km²). There were 221 housing units at an average density of 69.0/sq mi (26.6/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 55.68% White, 0.62% Native American, 0.31% Asian, 20.76% from other races, and 22.62% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 76.14% of the population.

There were 219 households out of which 68.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 71.7% were married couples living together, 13.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 6.4% were non-families. 4.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 1.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 4.42 and the average family size was 4.41.

In the CDP, the age distribution of the population shows 43.6% under the age of 18, 13.9% from 18 to 24, 29.1% from 25 to 44, 10.4% from 45 to 64, and 2.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 20 years. For every 100 females there were 110.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 114.1 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $29,444, and the median income for a family was $31,071. Males had a median income of $23,438 versus $21,071 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $8,461. About 22.9% of families and 18.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.1% of those under age 18 and none of those age 65 or over.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Basin City CDP, Washington". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved October 24, 2016.