Basirhat

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Basirhat
City
City of Basirhat
City of Basirhat
Basirhat is located in West Bengal
Basirhat
Basirhat
Location in West Bengal, India
Coordinates: 22°39′26″N 88°53′39″E / 22.65722°N 88.89417°E / 22.65722; 88.89417Coordinates: 22°39′26″N 88°53′39″E / 22.65722°N 88.89417°E / 22.65722; 88.89417
Country  India
State West Bengal
District North 24 Parganas
Government
 • Municipality Chairman Tapan Sarkar[1]
Elevation 6 m (20 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 144,891
Languages
 • Official Bengali, English
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN 743411
Area code(s) 3217
Lok Sabha constituency Basirhat
Vidhan Sabha constituency Basirhat Dakshin, Basirhat Uttar

Basirhat is a city and a municipality in North 24 Parganas district of West Bengal, India. It is located on the bank of Ichamati (Ichhamati) River.

Road from station to Basirhat market area

Etymology[edit]

The sources which are considered till now behind the naming of Basirhat are as follows:

  • The name was driven after Bashir Miya (বসির মিঞা), a Bengali business-owner who establish a market there.
  • Bahurhāt—market for various items
  • Banserhāt—market for buying and selling bamboos
  • Bastirhāt—low land market
  • Bashir er hat or Bose er hat—the name of the owner of the market
  • Old Bengali word Bashir (বশির) means salt (সামুদ্রিক লবণ) .There was a big market of salt and so the place became famous as BASHIR HAT(বশিরহাট, HAT= market).After a long time word 'BASHIRHAT' became 'BASIRHAT' (বসিরহাট).

History[edit]

Basirhat has a long history of farmer's movements like the Tebhaga movement. Freedom fighter Dinesh Chandra Majumder was born here in 1907. Noted industrialist, Sir Rajen Mukherjee[2][3] was born at Bhabla (also spelt Bhyabla) near Basirhat.

Basirhat subdivision was formed on 1 January 1861 as per a Government order and it consisted of Balia Pargana's Basirhāt, Kalinagār, Hāruā and Hasnābād Police Stations. Previously, Basirhat was under the jurisdiction of Barasat sub-division and was named as Basurhāt till 1896. Basirhat municipality was established on 1 April 1869 and it is divided into 23 wards covering an area of 22.5 km².

Geography[edit]

Police station[edit]

Basirhat police station covers an area of 267 km2 and serves a population of 637,538. Basirhat PS has under it Basirhat town outpost and two other outposts at Panitor and Boatghat. The police district has a 22 km border, out which 14 km is land border and 8 km is riverine border. 11 km of the border remains unfenced. Basirhat PS has jurisdiction over Basirhat municipal area and Basirhat I CD Block.[4]

Around half of the 4,095 km long India-Bangladesh border has been fenced and vigil along the border has been tightened up. Cattle smuggling across the border is unofficially estimated to be a Rs. 4,000 crore business, half of it across the Basirhat border and the balance through Malda and Murshidabad.[5]

CD Block HQ[edit]

The headquarters of Basirhat I CD Block are located at Basihat.[6]

Demographics[edit]

As per the 2011 census, Basirhat Urban Agglomeration had a population of 144,891, out of which 73,491 were males and 71,400 were females. The 0–6 years population was 12,578. Effective literacy rate for the 7+ population was 86.88 percent.[7] Bengali is the principal language spoken in the area.

Education[edit]

Basirhat College was established in 1947. Affiliated with the West Bengal State University, it offers honours courses in Bengali, English, Sanskrit, philosophy, political science, history, geography, education, accountancy, mathematics, physics, chemistry, botany, zoology, physiology and economics. It also offers general courses in arts, science and commerce, and a post-graduate course in Bengali.[8][9]

Some of the schools of Basirhat are:[citation needed]

  • Barajirakpur Tarun Sangha High School (H.S.)
  • Basirhat Baroda Prosad Vidyapith Girl's High School
  • Basirhat Town High School
  • Basirhat H.M.D. Girl's High School
  • Basirhat High School
  • Basirhat P.C.M. Girls' High School
  • Bhabla Lady Mukharjee Girls' High School
  • Bhabla Tantra Sir Rajendra High School
  • Dandirhat N.K.U.S. Niketan HS
  • Gokna Sri Gobindapur F.P School
  • Itinda Union High School
  • Madhyampur Gulaichandi High School
  • Panchanan Dalal Institution
  • Panitor High School
  • Shibati High School
  • Sashina F. P. School
  • Sangrampur B.K.A.C Institutions
The Front Gate of Bhabla Tantra Sir Rajendra High School

Healthcare[edit]

Basirhat Subdivisional Hospital functions with 300 beds.[10]

Basirhat is one of the areas where ground water is affected by arsenic contamination.[11]

Transportation[edit]

Railways[edit]

Basirhat railway station

Basirhat was connected with Barasat by the narrow gauge Barasat Basirhat Railway operated by Martin's Light Railways. It was closed down in 1955 and subsequently converted to broad gauge. The railway tracks in the region have been electrified and there are EMUs services to Sealdah and Hasnabad provided by the Kolkata Suburban Railway.

Roadway[edit]

Bus services to Kolkata and other places are available.

Basirhat bridge from Rabindra Shaikat park, Basirhat

Private Buses[edit]

DN Series of Routes[edit]

MM Series of Routes[edit]

STA Bus Routes[edit]

External links[edit]

External video
Cattle smuggling across Basirhat border (ABP Ananda video report with commentary in Bengali)
Fencing of India-Bangladesh border

References[edit]

  1. ^ Official District Administration site Archived 20 August 2010 at the Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ Sengupta, Subodh Chandra and Bose, Anjali, p 470.
  3. ^ Bhabla
  4. ^ "Know your police station". Basirhat PS. North 24 Parganas district police. Retrieved 15 May 2018. 
  5. ^ Guha Roy, Shantanu. "Riots in Basirhat had nothing to do with religion, it's a Hindu-Muslim fight over controlling cow smuggling". Firstpost, 13 July 2013. Retrieved 15 May 2018. 
  6. ^ "District Census Handbook North Twenty Four Parganas, Census of India 2011, Series 20, Part XII A" (PDF). Map of North Twenty Four Parganas with CD Block HQs and Police Stations (on the fifth page). Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 15 May 2018. 
  7. ^ "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 2011-10-21. 
  8. ^ "Basirhat College". BC. Retrieved 15 May 2018. 
  9. ^ "Basirhat College". College Admission. Retrieved 15 May 2018. 
  10. ^ "Health & Family Welfare Department". Health Statistics. Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 15 May 2018. 
  11. ^ "Groundwater Arsenic contamination in West Bengal-India (19 years study )". Groundwater arsenic contamination status of North 24-Parganas district, one of the nine arsenic affected districts of West Bengal-India. SOES. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 2007-08-24.