Basirhat subdivision

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Basirhat subdivision
Subdivision
Basirhat subdivision is located in West Bengal
Basirhat subdivision
Basirhat subdivision
Location in West Bengal, India
Coordinates: 22°40′N 88°53′E / 22.66°N 88.89°E / 22.66; 88.89Coordinates: 22°40′N 88°53′E / 22.66°N 88.89°E / 22.66; 88.89
Country  India
State West Bengal
District North 24 Parganas
Headquarters Basirhat
Area
 • Total 1,777.02 km2 (686.11 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 2,271,810
 • Density 1,300/km2 (3,300/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Bengali, English
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)
ISO 3166 code ISO 3166-2:IN

Basirhat subdivision is an administrative subdivision of the North 24 Parganas district in the Indian state of West Bengal.

History[edit]

In 1757, the East India Company obtained the zamindari or land-holders rights of the 24 Parganas Zamindari from Mir Jafar, the new Nawab of Bengal. Full proprietary status was handed over to Robert Clive in 1759 by a sanad or deed granting him the 24 Parganas as a jagir. After Clive’s death in 1774, full proprietary rights of the 24 Parganas zamindari reverted to the East India Company. In 1814, the district consisted of two parts – the suburbs of Kolkata (referred to as Dihi Panchannagram) and the rest. In 1834, several parganas of Jessore and Nadia were added to the 24 Parganas. The district was divided into two divisions. The Alipore division comprised territories originally ceded to the company and the Barasat division comprised territories added from Jessore and Nadia. The two divisions were replaced by eight subdivisions in 1861 – Diamond Harbour, Baruipur, Alipore, Dum Dum, Barrackpore, Barasat, Basirhat and Satkhira. The Satkhira subdivision was transferred to the newly formed Khulna district in 1882, the Baruipur subdivision was abolished in 1883 and the Dum Dum and Barrackpore subdivisions in 1893. Barrackpore subdivision was reconstituted in 1904 with portions of Barasat and Alipore subdivisions.[1]

Geography[edit]

Basirhat subdivision is part of the Ichhamati-Raimangal Plain, one of the three physiographic regions in the district located in the lower Ganges Delta. It contains soil of mature black or brownish loam to recent alluvium. The Ichhamati flows through the eastern part of the district.[2]

Subdivisions[edit]

North 24 Parganas district is divided into the following administrative subdivisions:[3][4]

Subdivision Headquarters
Area
km2
Population
(2011)
Urban
Population %
(2011)
Rural
Population %
(2011)
Bangaon Bangaon 838.17 1,063,028 16.33 83.67
Barasat Sadar Barasat 1,002.48 2,789,611 54.67 45.33
Barrackpore Barrackpore 334.51 3,668,653 96.02 3.98
Bidhannagar Bidhannagar 33.50 216,609 100.00 0
Basirhat Basirhat 1,777.02 2,271,880 12.96 87.04
North 24 Parganas district Barasat 4,094.00 10,009,781 57.27 42.73

Religion[edit]

Given below is an overview of the religion-wise break-up of the population across the subdivisions of North 24 Parganas district, as per 2011 census:[5]

Subdivision Population
(2011)
Hindu % Muslim % Christian % Others %
Bangaon 1,063,028 85.63 13.73 0.26 0.38
Barasat Sadar 2,789,611 65.18 34.26 0.16 0.40
Barrackpore 3,668,653 88.61 10.32 0.35 0.71
Bidhannagar 216,609 95.26 2.56 0.45 1.73
Basirhat 2,271,880 51.37 48.37 0.14 0.13
North 24 Parganas district 10,009,781 73.45 25.82 0.24 0.48

North 24 Parganas district with 24.22% Muslims (in 2001) has been identified as a minority concentrated district by the Ministry of Minority Affairs, Government of India. A baseline survey on religious minority population has been carried out under the aegis of Indian Council of Social Science Research and funded by the Ministry of Minority Affairs.[6] For information on the survey see North 24 Parganas: minority concentrated district.

Population movement[edit]

North 24 Parganas district is densely populated, mainly because of the influx of refugees from East Pakistan (later Bangladesh). With a density of population of 2,182 per km2 in 1971, it was 3rd in terms of density per km2 in West Bengal after Kolkata and Howrah, and 20th in India.[7] According to the District Human Development Report: North 24 Parganas, “High density is also explained partly by the rapid growth of urbanization in the district. In 1991, the percentage of urban population in the district has been 51.23.”[8]

As per the Refugee Relief and Rehabilitation Department of the Government of West Bengal, the census figures show the number of refugees from East Pakistan in 1971 was nearly 6 million (60 lakhs) and in 1981, the number was assessed at 8 million (80 lakhs).[9] A district-wise break-up in 1971, shows the main thrust of the refugee infux was on 24-Parganas (22.3% of the total refugees), Nadia (20.3%), Bankura (19.1%) and Kolkata (12.9%).[10]

The North 24 Paraganas district has a 352 km long international border with Bangladesh, out of which 160 km is land border and 192 km is riverine border.[11] Only a small portion of the border has been fenced and it is popularly referred to as a porous border. There are reports of Bangladeshi infiltrators.[12][13][14][15] The CD Block pages carry Decadal Population Growth information.

An estimate made in 2000 places the total number of illegal Bangladeshi immigrants in India at 1.5 crore, with around 3 lakh entering every year. The thumb rule for such illegal immigrants is that for each illegal person caught four get through. While many immigrants have settled in the border areas, some have moved on, even to far way places such as Mumbai and Delhi. The border is guarded by the Border Security Force.[16] During the UPA government, Sriprakash Jaiswal, Union Minister of State for Home Affairs, had made a statement in Parliament on 14 July 2004, that there were 12 million illegal Bangladeshi infiltrators living in India, and West Bengal topped the list with 5.7 million Bangladeshis. More recently, Kiren Rijiju, Minister of State for Home Affairs in the NDA government has put the figure at around 20 million.[17]

Administrative units[edit]

Basirhat subdivision has 9 police stations, 10 community development blocks, 10 panchayat samitis, 90 gram panchayats, 631 mouzas, 617 inhabited villages, 3 municipalities and 13 census towns. The municipalities are at Baduria, Taki and Basirhat. The census towns are: Itinda, Dandirhat, Uttar Bagundi, Dhanyakuria, Mathurapur, Raghunathpur, Dakshin Chatra, Deora, Sadigachhi, Hingalganj, Bankra, Minakhan, and Balihati. The subdivision has its headquarters at Basirhat.[3][18]

Police stations[edit]

Police stations in Basirhat subdivision have the following features and jurisdiction:[3][19]

Police station Area covered
(km2)
Border (km) Municipal town/ city CD Block
Baduria 218 2.5 Baduria Baduria
Haroa n/a - - Haroa
Minakhan 113.06 - - Minakhan
Swarupnagar 217.17 42 - Swarupnagar
Hasnabad 295 28 Taki Hasnabad
Hingalganj n/a n/a - Hingalganj partly
Hemnagar n/a 15 (riverine) - Hingalganj partly
Sandeshkhali n/a - - Sandeshkhali II
Nazat n/a - - Sandeshkhali I
Basirhat 267 22 Basirhat Basirhat I
Matia n/a n/a - Basirhat II ?

Blocks[edit]

Community development blocks in Basirhat subdivision are:[3][4][18][5][20]

CD Block Headquarters
Area
km2
Population
(2011)
SC % ST % Hindus % Muslims % Literacy
Rate %
Census
Towns
Baduria Iswarigachha 179.72 285,319 16.41 0.85 34.35 65.48 78.75 1
Haroa Haroa 152.73 214,401 23.62 5.94 38.76 61.12 73.13 -
Swarupnagar Swarupnagar 215.13 256,075 31.06 0.25 52.17 47.58 77.57 1
Minakhan Minakhan 158.82 199,084 30.43 9.32 47.77 51.60 71.33 2
Hasnabad Hasnabad 153.07 203,262 25.24 3.69 43.35 56.51 71.47 1
Hingalganj Hingalganj 238.80 174,545 66.02 7.30 87.97 11.82 76.85 2
Sandeshkhali I Nazat 182.30 164,465 30.90 25.95 69.19 30.42 71.08 -
Sandeshkhali II Dwarir Jangle 197.21 160,976 44.91 23.42 77.17 22.27 70.96 -
Basirhat I Basirhat 111.84 171,613 12.86 0.74 31.24 68.54 72.10 3
Basirhat II Mathurapur 127.42 226,130 8.75 2.51 29.67 70.10 78.30 3

Gram panchayats[edit]

The subdivision contains 90 gram panchayats under 10 community development blocks:[21]

  • Gram panchayats in Baduria CD Block are: Aturia, Chatra, Jadurhati Uttar, Sayestanagar–II, Bagjola, Jagannathpur, Raghunathpur, Jadurhati Dakshin, Bajitpur, Jasikati Atghara, Ramchandrapur Uday, Chandipur, Nayabastia Milani and Sayestanagar–I.
  • Gram panchayats in Basirhat I CD Block are: Gachha Akharpur, Itinda Panitore, Pifa, Swetpur Sankchura Bagundi, Gotra, nimiya ke Daliya Kodalia and Sangrampur Shibati.
  • Gram panchayats in Basirhat II CD block are: Begumpur Bibipur, Dhanyakuria, Kholapota, Ghorarash Kulingram, Rajendrapur, Chaita, Shrinagar Metia, Champapukur and Kachua.
  • Gram panchayats in Haroa CD Block are: Bakjuri, Haroa, Shalipur, Gopalpur–I, Khasbalanda, Sonapukur Sankarpur, Gopalpur–II and Kulti.
  • Gram panchayats in Hasnabad CD Block are: Amlani, Bhabanipur–I, Hasnabad, Patlikhanpur, Barunhat Rameswarpur, Bhabanipur–II, Makhalgachha, Bhebia and Murarisha.
  • Gram panchayats in Hingalganj CD Block are: Bishpur, Hingalganj, Rupamari, Dulduli, Jogeshganj, Sahebkhali, Gobindakati, Kalitala and Sandelerbil.
  • Gram panchayats in Minakhan CD block are: Atpukur, Chaital, Dhuturdaha, Minakhan, Bamanpukur, Champali, Kumarjole and Mohanpur.
  • Gram panchayats in Sandeshkhali I CD Block are: Bayermari–I, Kalinagar, Sarberia Agarhati, Bayermari–II, Nazat–I, Sehera Radhanagar, Hatgachhi and Nazat–II.
  • Gram panchayats in Sandeshkhali II CD Block are: Bermajur–I, Durgamandop, Khulna, Manipur, Bermajur–II, Jeliakhali, Korakati and Sandeshkhali.
  • Gram panchayats in Swarupnagar CD Block are: Balti Nityanandakati, Bithari Hakimpur, Kaijuri, Swarupnagar Banglani, Charghat, Saguna, Bankra Gokulpur, Gobindapur, Sharapul Nirman and Tepur Mirzapur.

Municipal towns/ cities[edit]

An overview of the municipal towns and cities in Basirhat subdivision is given below.[5][22]

Municipal town/city Area (km2) Population
(2011)
Hindu % Muslim % Slum
population %
BPL Households
 % (2006)
Literacy%
(2001)
Baduria 22.43 52,493 51.70 48.16 - 59.81 76.14
Taki 15.54 38,263 84.78 15.00 - 37.35 75.44
Basirhat 22.01 125,254 77.60 22.21 - 35.92 81.85

Education[edit]

North 24 Parganas district had a literacy rate of 84.06% (for population of 7 years and above) as per the census of India 2011. Bangaon subdivision had a literacy rate of 80.57%, Barasat Sadar subdivision 84.90%, Barrackpur subdivision 89.09%, Bidhannagar subdivision 89.16% and Basirhat subdivision 75.67%.[23]

Given in the table below (data in numbers) is a comprehensive picture of the education scenario in North 24 Parganas district for the year 2012-13:[23]

Subdivision Primary
School
Middle
School
High
School
Higher Secondary
School
General
College, Univ
Technical /
Professional Instt
Non-formal
Education
Institution Student Institution Student Institution Student Institution Student Institution Student Institution Student Institution Student
Bangaon 533 54,361 1 36 31 14,654 83 107,745 4 11,031 1 95 1,594 54,016
Barasat Sadar 920 120,670 19 2,734 93 63,707 171 246,098 14 40,466 23 6,190 2,887 130,522
Barrackpore 948 126,453 29 5,716 193 165,924 205 215,713 25 44,818 20 6,345 2,483 160,236
Bidhannagar 20 12,317 - - 1 900 17 22,536 1 865 15 5,432 1 552
Basirhat 1,256 139,737 25 10,165 124 101,536 118 105,724 5 15,248 - - 3,800 164,833
North 24 Parganas district 3,677 453,538 74 18,651 442 346,721 594 697,816 49 112,428 59 18,062 10,765 439,560

Note: Primary schools include junior basic schools; middle schools, high schools and higher secondary schools include madrasahs; technical schools include junior technical schools, junior government polytechnics, industrial technical institutes, industrial training centres, nursing training institutes etc.; technical and professional colleges include engineering colleges, medical colleges, para-medical institutes, management colleges, teachers training and nursing training colleges, law colleges, art colleges, music colleges etc. Special and non-formal education centres include sishu siksha kendras, madhyamik siksha kendras, centres of Rabindra mukta vidyalaya, recognised Sanskrit tols, institutions for the blind and other handicapped persons, Anganwadi centres, reformatory schools etc.[23]

The following institutions are located in Basirhat subdivision:

Healthcare[edit]

The table below (all data in numbers) presents an overview of the medical facilities available and patients treated in the hospitals, health centres and sub-centres in 2013 in North 24 Parganas district.[35]

Subdivision Health & Family Welfare Deptt, WB Other
State
Govt
Deptts**
Local
bodies**
Central
Govt
Deptts /
PSUs**
NGO /
Private
Nursing
Homes**
Total Total
Number
of
Beds
Total
Number
of
Doctors*
Indoor
Patients
Outdoor
Patients
Hospitals
Rural
Hospitals
Block
Primary
Health
Centres
Primary
Health
Centres
Bangaon 1 1 2 10 - - - - 14 417 24 11,587 650,349
Barasat Sadar 3 1 6 15 - - - - 25 1,084 45 125,000 1,397,574
Barrackpore 7 - 2 2 - - - - 11 1,081 8 94,042 1,010,820
Bidhannagar 1 - - - - - - ` 1 100 - 6,567 117,136
Basirhat 1 5 5 23 - - - - 34 703 77 69,034 897,725
North 24 Parganas district 13 7 15 50 6 27 3 233 354 3,385 154 306,230 4,073,604

.* Excluding nursing homes.
** Subdivision-wise break up for certain items not available.

Medical facilities available in Basirhat subdivision are as follows:

Hospitals: (Name, location, beds)[36]
Basirhat Subdivisional Hospital, Basirhat, 300 beds
Hasnabad Matri Sadan, Hasnabad, 6 beds

Rural Hospitals: (Name, block, location, beds)[36]
Rudrapur (Baduria) Rural Hospital, Rudrapur, 60 beds
Minakhan Rural Hopital, Minakhan, 25 beds
Sarapole (Sonarpur) Rural Hospital, Sarapole, 30 beds
Taki Rural Hospital, Taki, 50 beds
Ghoshpur Rural Hospital, Ghoshpur, 30 beds
Sandeshkhali Rural Hospital, Sandeshkhali, 26 beds
Haroa (Adampur) Rural Hospital, Haroa, 30 beds
Sandelerbil Rural Hospital, Sandelerbil, 30 beds
Dhanyakuria Rural Hospital, Dhanyakuria, 30 beds

Block Primary Health Centres: (Name, block, location, beds)[36]
Shibhati BPHC, Shibhati, 15 beds

Primary Health Centres: (CD Block-wise)(CD Block, PHC location, beds)[36]
Baduria CD Block: Dakshin Chatra PHC (6), Jadurhati PHC (6), Masia PHC (6), Bajitpur PHC, Model Belghoria (10), Haroa CD Block: Gopalpur PHC (10), Kamarghanti PHC, Sonapukur (6)
Minakhan CD Block: Nimichi PHC (6), Duturdaha (10)
Swarupnagar CD Block: Bankra PHC (10), Charghat PHC (10)
Hasnabad CD Block: Bhawanipur PHC, Bhurkundu (10), Ghola PHC, Bhebia (6), Barunhat PHC, Bara Bankra (10)
Hingalganj CD Block: Hingalganj PHC (6), Jogeshganj PHC (10)
Sandeshkhali I CD Block: Hatgachia PHC, Agarbati (10), Nazat PHC (6)
Sandeshkhali II CD Block: Korakanthi PHC (10), Jeliakhali PHC (6)
Basirhat I CD Block: Nakuda PHC (10)
Basirhat II CD Block: Sikra Kulingram PHC (6), Rajendrapur PHC (10)

Electoral constituencies[edit]

Lok Sabha (parliamentary) and Vidhan Sabha (state assembly) constituencies in Basirhat subdivision were as follows:[37]

Lok Sabha constituency Reservation Vidhan Sabha constituency Reservation CD Block and/or Gram panchayats and/or municipal areas
Bangaon Reserved for SC Swarupnagar Reserved for SC Swarupnagar CD Block, and Ramchandrapur Uday and Sayesta Nagar I GPs of Baduria CD Block
Other assembly segments outside Basirhat subdivision
Basirhat None Baduria None Baduria municipality, and Aturia, Bagjola, Bajitpur, Chandipur, Chhatra, South Jadurhati, North Jadurhati, Jagannathpur, Jasikati Atghara, Nayabastia Milani, Raghunathpur and Sayesta Nagar II GPs of Baduria CD Block
Haroa None Falti Beleghata, Dadpur, Kiritipur I, Kiritipur II, Shashan GPs of Barasat II CD Block, Champatala, Deganga I, Deganga II, Hadipur Jhikra II GPs of Deganga CD Block and Gopalpur I, Gopalpur II, Haroa and Khasbalanda GPs of Haroa CD Block
Minakhan Reserved for SC Minakhan CD Block and Bakjuri, Kulti, Shalipur and Sonapukur Sankarpur GPs of Haroa CD Block
Sandeshkhali Reserved for ST Bayermari I, Bayermari II, Hathgachhi, Nazat I, Nazat II, Sarberia, Agarhati, Sohara Radhanagar and Kalinagar GPs of Sandeshkhali I CD Block and Beramajur I, Beramajur II, Durgamandap, Jeliakhali, Korakati, Manipur and Sandeshkhali GPs of Sandeshkhali II CD Block
Basirhat Dakshin None Basirhat municipality, Basirhat I CD Block and Taki municipality
Basirhat Uttar None Basirhat II CD Block, and Amlani, Bhebia, Makhal Gachha, Murarisha GPs of Hasnabad CD Block
Hingalganj Reserved for SC Hingalganj CD Block, and Barunhat Rameshwarpur, Bhabanipur I, Bhabanipur II, Hasnabad, Patli Khanpur GPs of Hasnabad CD Block, and Khulna GP of Sandeshkhali II CD Block

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Bengal District Gazetteers: 24 Parganas by L.S.S. O'Malley". pages 44, 57. Logos Press. ISBN 978-81-7268-193-7. Retrieved 11 May 2018. 
  2. ^ "District Census Handbook North Twenty Four Parganas, Census of India 2011, Series 20, Part XII A" (PDF). Page 13. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 16 April 2018. 
  3. ^ a b c d "District Statistical Handbook". North 24 Parganas 2013, Tables 2.1, 2.2, 2.4b. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 2 May 2018. 
  4. ^ a b "District Census Handbook North Twenty Four Parganas, Census of India 2011, Series 20, Part XII A" (PDF). Map of North Twenty Four Parganas with CD Block HQs and Police Stations (on the fifth page). Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 2 May 2018. 
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  13. ^ Mishra, Abhinandan. "Laskar helped fan Basirhat tension". Sunday Guardian, 8 July 2017. Retrieved 20 April 2018. 
  14. ^ "Infiltrating porous Bangladesh-India border". Aljazeera. Retrieved 20 April 2018. 
  15. ^ "Bangladeshi Infiltrators – the Reality Check". The Pioneer, 27 June 2015. Retrieved 20 April 2018. 
  16. ^ Jamwal, N.S. (January–March 2004). "Border Management: Dilemma of Guarding the India-Bangladesh border" (PDF). Strategic Analysis. Retrieved 22 May 2018. 
  17. ^ "Two crore illegal Bangladeshi living in India: Govt". Business Standard / Press Trust of India. 16 November 2016. Retrieved 22 May 2018. 
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  22. ^ "District Human Development Report: North 24 Parganas" (PDF). (1)Table 3.3.2: Population densist and other features of municipalities in North 24 Parganas, Pages 42-43 (2) Table 3.3.8: Slum population, slum children and literacy rates in slum, Page 51 (3) Table 3.3.10: Distriution of BPL households in uraban North 24 Parganas and (4) Table 3.3.7 Literacy rates in urban North 24 Parganas, Page 49. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2010. Retrieved 23 May 2018. 
  23. ^ a b c "District Statistical Handbook". North 24 Parganas 2013, Basic data: Table 4.4, 4.5, Clarifications: other related tables. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 6 May 2018. 
  24. ^ "Basirhat College". BC. Retrieved 8 May 2018. 
  25. ^ "Basirhat College". College Admission. Retrieved 8 May 2018. 
  26. ^ "Kalinagar Mahavidyalaya". ICBSE. Retrieved 8 May 2018. 
  27. ^ "Kalinagar Mahavidyalaya". College Admission. Retrieved 8 May 2018. 
  28. ^ "Hingalganj Mahavidyalaya". HM. Retrieved 8 May 2018. 
  29. ^ "Hingalganj Mahaviyalaya". College Admission. Retrieved 8 May 2018. 
  30. ^ "Saheed Nurul Islam Mahavidyalaya". SNIM. Retrieved 8 May 2018. 
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  32. ^ "Taki Goernment College". College Admission. Retrieved 8 May 2018. 
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  37. ^ "Delimitation Commission Order No. 18, 15 February 2006" (PDF). West Bengal. Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2 May 2018.