|Regional affiliation||FIBA Oceania|
|Headquarters||Waterloo, New South Wales and South Melbourne, Victoria|
|Chief Exec||Anthony Moore|
Formed in 1939 (as the Australian Basketball Federation) the organisation was constituted in 1946. Basketball Australia became a member of FIBA in 1949 and was incorporated in 1982.
Basketball Australia sanctions Australia's two professional leagues, the National Basketball League (NBL) and the Women's National Basketball League (WNBL) as well as the semi-professional leagues that were once part of the Australian Basketball Association (ABA).
Australian basketball has extensive national and state-based programs to ensure that pathways are provided for all participants in the sport, which includes the National Intensive Training Centre Program and the Australian Institute of Sport.
Basketball Australia provides juniors with the opportunity to compete in national representative competitions from the U16 age group, with the National Junior Championships providing a high level of competition between state teams. U14 Club Championships and the National Schools Basketball Tournament provide elite level competition for younger players.
Basketball Australia's Aussie Hoops program is the sports grass roots program for primary school children launched in 2002.
Basketball Australia is not-for-profit and is funded through membership, sponsorship, fund raising and government grants.
International representative teams
- the Boomers, Australia's senior men's team. The Boomers finished ninth at the 2004 Summer Olympics in Athens, and made the quarter-finals at the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing, losing to the United States of America.
- the Opals, Australia's senior women's team. The Opals took the silver medal in Athens and Beijing, finishing behind the USA in both tournaments. They are also the current FIBA World Champions, defeating Russia in 2006.
- the Rollers, Australia's senior men's wheelchair basketball team. The Rollers took the silver medal at the 2004 Summer Paralympics in Athens, finishing behind Canada and took gold at the 2008 Summer Paralympics in Beijing.
- the Gliders, Australia's senior women's wheelchair basketball team. The Gliders took the silver medal in the 2000, 2004 and 2012 Paralympics, and bronze medal at the 2008 Paralympics.
- the Crocodiles, Australia's junior (under-21) men's team. (Not to be confused with the NBL's Townsville Crocodiles.) Were Runners Up' to Greece at the World Championships 1995 and were the winners on home soil at the World Championships in 1997
- the Gems, Australia's junior (under-21) women's team. 2nd place at the World Championships 1997 behind the USA.
- The Emus, Australia's junior (under 19) men's team
- The Gems, Australia's junior (under 19) woman's tean