Basketball at the 1972 Summer Olympics

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
8th Olympic Basketball Tournament
Munich 1972
Tournament details
Olympics 1972 Summer Olympics
Host nation West Germany
City Munich
Duration August 27, 1972 (1972-08-27)
September 9, 1972 (1972-09-09)
Men's tournament
Teams 16
Medals
1 Gold medalists  Soviet Union
2 Silver medalists  United States
3 Bronze medalists  Cuba
Tournaments
← Mexico City 1968  Montreal 1976 →

Basketball contests at the 1972 Summer Olympics took place at Rudi-Sedlmayer-Halle in Munich, Germany from August 27 to September 9. The Soviet Union won the gold medal, after a controversial final against the United States. This was the first time the USA did not win a gold medal since the sport's introduction into the Olympics in 1936. The bronze was won by Cuba, the only Olympic medal they have won in basketball.

Medal summary[edit]

Games Gold Silver Bronze
Men's basketball  Soviet Union
Anatoli Polivoda
Modestas Paulauskas
Zurab Sakandelidze
Alzhan Zharmukhamedov
Aleksandr Boloshev
Ivan Edeshko
Sergei Belov
Mikhail Korkiya
Ivan Dvorny
Gennadi Volnov
Aleksandr Belov
Sergei Kovalenko
 United States
Kenneth Davis
Doug Collins
Tom Henderson
Mike Bantom
Robert Jones
Dwight Jones
James Forbes
Jim Brewer
Tommy Burleson
Tom McMillen
Kevin Joyce
Ed Ratleff
 Cuba
Juan Carlos Domecq Fortuondo
Ruperto Herrera Tabio
Juan Roca Brunet
Pedro Chappe Garcia
Miguel Alvarez Pozo
Rafael Cañizares Poey
Conrado Perez Armenteros
Miguel Calderon Gomez
Tomas Herrera Martinez
Oscar Varona Varona
Alejandro Urgelles Guibot
Franklin Standard Johnson

† – Medals refused by team

Qualification[edit]

Automatic qualifications were granted to the host country and the first four places at the previous tournament. Additional spots were decided by various continental tournaments held by FIBA plus an additional pre-Olympic tournament that granted two extra berths.

Africa Americas Asia Europe Oceania Automatic qualifiers
 Egypt[a]
 Senegal
 Cuba
 Puerto Rico
 Japan
 Philippines
 Italy
 Czechoslovakia
 Poland
 Spain
 Australia  United StatesGold medal in 1968
 SFR YugoslaviaSilver medal in 1968
 Soviet UnionBronze medal in 1968
 Brazil – 4th place in 1968
 West Germany – Olympic hosts
  • a Egypt withdrew from the tournament following the events of the Munich massacre.

Format[edit]

  • Two groups of eight teams are formed, where the top two from each group compete for the medals in a knockout round.
  • The remaining places are defined as follows:
    • Fifth through eighth places are decided in a separate bracket between the third and fourth places from each group in a separate bracket.
    • Ninth through sixteenth places are decided between the fifth through eighth places from each group in separate brackets.

Tie-breaking criteria:

  1. Head to head results
  2. Goal average (not the goal difference) between the tied teams

Preliminary round[edit]

Group A[edit]

The top two teams from each group advance to the semifinals, while the remaining teams compete for 5th through 16th places in separate brackets.

Qualified for the semifinals
Team W L PF PA PD Pts 1st Tie
 United States 7 0 542 312 +230 14
 Cuba 6 1 560 445 +115 13
 Brazil 4 3 561 490 +71 11 1W–0L
 Czechoslovakia 4 3 493 489 +4 11 0W–1L
 Spain 3 4 486 500 −14 10 1W–0L
 Australia 3 4 523 524 −1 10 0W–1L
 Japan 1 6 442 643 −201 8
 Egypt 0 7 440 644 −204 7
August 27
10:30
Cuba  105–64  Egypt
August 27
12:00
United States  66–35  Czechoslovakia
August 27
14:30
Japan  55–110  Brazil
August 27
20:00
Spain  79–74  Australia
August 28
9:00
Brazil  110–84  Egypt
August 28
14:30
United States  81–55  Australia
August 28
16:00
Cuba  74–53  Spain
August 28
20:00
Japan  61–74  Czechoslovakia
August 29
9:00
Brazil  72–69  Spain
August 29
14:30
Japan  78–73  Egypt
August 29
20:00
Czechoslovakia  69–68  Australia
August 29
21:30
United States  67–48  Cuba
August 30
10:30
Egypt  58–72  Spain
August 30
14:30
Japan  76–92  Australia
August 30
16:00
Czechoslovakia  65–77  Cuba
August 30
21:30
Brazil  54–61  United States
September 1
21:30
Japan  76–87  Spain
September 1
21:30
Australia  70–84  Cuba
September 1
21:30
Egypt  31–96  United States
September 1
21:30
Czechoslovakia  82–83  Brazil
September 2
9:00
Australia  75–69  Brazil
September 2
12:00
Egypt  64–94  Czechoslovakia
September 2
14:30
Japan  63–108  Cuba
September 2
18:30
Spain  56–72  United States
September 3
9:00
Japan  33–99  United States
September 3
10:30
Spain  70–74  Czechoslovakia
September 3
18:30
Australia  89–66  Egypt
September 3
21:30
Cuba  64–63  Brazil

Group B[edit]

Qualified for the semifinals
Team W L PF PA PD Pts 1st Tie 2nd Tie
 Soviet Union 7 0 639 479 +160 14
 Italy 5 2 547 471 +76 12 1W–1L 1.072
 SFR Yugoslavia 5 2 582 484 +98 12 1W–1L 1.013
 Puerto Rico 5 2 570 531 +39 12 1W–1L 0.917
 West Germany 3 4 482 518 −36 10
 Poland 2 5 520 536 −16 9
 Philippines 1 6 526 666 −140 8
 Senegal 0 7 405 586 −181 7
August 27
9:00
Poland  90–75  Philippines
August 27
16:00
SFR Yugoslavia  85–78  Italy
August 27
18:30
Senegal  52–94  Soviet Union
August 27
21:30
West Germany  74–81  Puerto Rico
August 28
12:00
West Germany  63–87  Soviet Union
August 28
16:30
Senegal  56–92  Italy
August 28
18:30
Puerto Rico  92–72  Philippines
August 28
21:30
Poland  64–85  SFR Yugoslavia
August 29
10:30
Senegal  59–95  Poland
August 29
12:00
Soviet Union  79–66  Italy
August 29
16:00
Puerto Rico  79–74  SFR Yugoslavia
August 29
18:30
West Germany  93–74  Philippines
August 30
9:00
Soviet Union  94–64  Poland
August 30
12:00
West Germany  57–68  Italy
August 30
18:30
Philippines  76–117  SFR Yugoslavia
August 30
20:00
Puerto Rico  92–57  Senegal
September 1
9:00
Senegal  62–68  Philippines
September 1
12:00
West Germany  56–81  SFR Yugoslavia
September 1
20:00
Italy  71–59  Poland
September 1
21:30
Soviet Union  100–87  Puerto Rico
September 2
12:00
SFR Yugoslavia  73–57  Senegal
September 2
14:30
West Germany  67–65  Poland
September 2
16:00
Philippines  80–111  Soviet Union
September 2
20:00
Italy  71–54  Puerto Rico
September 3
12:00
Italy  101–81  Philippines
September 3
14:30
Poland  83–85  Puerto Rico
September 3
16:00
SFR Yugoslavia  67–74  Soviet Union
September 3
20:00
West Germany  72–62  Senegal

Knockout stage[edit]

Medal bracket[edit]

  Semifinals (September 7[1])     Gold medal (September 9)
                 
  A1  United States 68  
  B2  Italy 38    
      A1  United States 50
      B1  Soviet Union 51
  B1  Soviet Union 67    
  A2  Cuba 61   Bronze medal (September 8)
 
B2  Italy 65
  A2  Cuba 66

Classification brackets[edit]

5th–8th place

  Semifinals (September 7[1])     5th place (September 9)
                 
  A3  Brazil 83  
  B4  Puerto Rico 87    
      B4  Puerto Rico 70
      B3  SFR Yugoslavia 86
  B3  SFR Yugoslavia 66    
  A4  Czechoslovakia 63   7th place (September 8)
 
B3  Brazil 87
  A4  Czechoslovakia 69

9th–12th place

  Semifinals (September 5)     9th place (September 9)
                 
  A5  Spain 76  
  B6  Poland 87    
      B6  Poland 83
      A6  Australia 91
  B5  West Germany 69    
  A6  Australia 70   11th place (September 8)
 
A5  Spain 84
  B5  West Germany 83

13th–16th place

  Semifinals (September 5)     13th place (September 7)
                 
  A7  Japan 70  
  B8  Senegal 67    
      A7  Japan 73
      B7  Philippines 82
  B7  Philippines 2    
  A8  Egypt 0[a]   15th place
 
B8  Egypt 0[a]
  A8  Senegal 2
  • a Forfeited match.

Final[edit]

With three seconds left in the gold medal game, American forward Doug Collins sank two free throws to put the Americans up 50–49. However, the buzzer sounded before Collins' second free throw. Immediately following Collins' free throws, the Soviets inbounded the ball and failed to score. But one official had whistled play to stop with one second remaining after hearing the earlier horn and seeing a disturbance near the scorers table. The Soviets argued that they had requested a timeout before Collins' foul shots. The referees ordered the clock reset to three seconds and the game's final seconds replayed. However, the clock was in the process of being reset when the referees put the ball in play. The horn once again sounded as a length-of-the-court Soviet pass was being released from the inbounding player, the pass missed its mark, and the U.S. again began celebrating.

However, final three seconds was replayed for a third time. This time, the Soviets' Alexander Belov and the USA's Kevin Joyce and Jim Forbes went up for the pass, and Belov caught the long pass from Ivan Edeshko near the American basket. Belov then laid the ball in for the winning points as the buzzer sounded. Herbert Mols, Resident Manager of the US team with help from MK Summers, President of the US Olympic Basketball Committee, filed an extensive and detailed appeal, protesting the final game result to a five-man Jury of Appeal, which voted down the protest and awarded the gold medals to the Soviet team. With three of the five jury members being from Soviet-allied nations, this fueled speculation that the tally had been 3–2 and perhaps based more upon Cold War politics than upon the FIBA rulebook.[2] This view was further suggested when jury members Rafael Lopez and Claudio Coccia — from Puerto Rico and Italy, respectively — each reportedly confirmed having voted for the United States, thus indicating that pro-Soviet votes could have come only from Hepp of Hungary, Adam Bagłajewski of Poland, and Andres Keiser of Cuba. The U.S. players voted unanimously to refuse their silver medals, and at least one team member, Kenny Davis, has directed in his will that his heirs are never to accept the medals, even posthumously.[3]

September 9
23:30
Soviet Union  51–50  United States
Scoring by half: 26–21, 25–29
Pts: Sergey Belov 20
Rebs: Alexander Belov 8
Pts: Tom Henderson, Jim Brewer 9 each
Rebs: Mike Bantom 9

Final standings[edit]

Rank Team Pld W L
1st, gold medalist(s)  Soviet Union 9 9 0
2nd, silver medalist(s)  United States 9 8 1
3rd, bronze medalist(s)  Cuba 9 7 2
4th  Italy 9 5 4
5th  SFR Yugoslavia 9 7 2
6th  Puerto Rico 9 6 3
7th  Brazil 9 5 4
8th  Czechoslovakia 9 4 5
9th  Australia 9 5 4
10th  Poland 9 3 6
11th  Spain 9 4 5
12th  West Germany 9 3 6
13th  Philippines 8 2 6
14th  Japan 9 2 7
15th  Senegal 8 0 8
16th  Egypt 7 0 7

Awards[edit]

1972 Olympic Basketball Champions
Soviet Union
Soviet Union
First title

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Forbes Leads U.S. Romp". Spartanburg Herald-Journal. Associated Press. September 8, 1972. p. B4. Retrieved November 7, 2012. 
  2. ^ Chris Elzey (2002). ":03 Seconds From Gold" (PDF). Journal of Sports History. 29 (3): 518–522. Archived (PDF) from the original on 9 November 2010. Retrieved 16 November 2010. 
  3. ^ Gary Smith (1992-06-15). "Pieces of Silver". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved 2010-08-27. 

External links[edit]