Basque regional election, 1984

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Basque regional election, 1984
Basque Country (autonomous community)
← 1980 26 February 1984 1986 →

All 75 seats in the Basque Parliament
38 seats needed for a majority
Registered 1,584,540 Green Arrow Up Darker.svg1.9%
Turnout 1,085,304 (68.5%)
Green Arrow Up Darker.svg8.7 pp
  First party Second party Third party
  Carlos Garaikoetxea 1979 (cropped).jpg Txiki Benegas (cropped).jpg Male portrait placeholder cropped.jpg
Leader Carlos Garaikoetxea Txiki Benegas
Party EAJ/PNV PSE–PSOE HB
Leader since 1977 1977
Leader's seat Gipuzkoa Biscay
Last election 25 seats, 38.0% 9 seats, 14.2% 11 seats, 16.5%
Seats won 32 19 11
Seat change Green Arrow Up Darker.svg7 Green Arrow Up Darker.svg10 Arrow Blue Right 001.svg0
Popular vote 451,178 247,786 157,389
Percentage 41.8% 23.0% 14.6%
Swing Green Arrow Up Darker.svg3.8 pp Green Arrow Up Darker.svg8.8 pp Red Arrow Down.svg1.9 pp

  Fourth party Fifth party
  Jaime Mayor Oreja 2015b (cropped).jpg Male portrait placeholder cropped.jpg
Leader Jaime Mayor Oreja Mario Onaindia
Party AP–PDP–PL EE
Leader since 1984 1982
Leader's seat Gipuzkoa Álava
Last election 2 seats, 4.8% 6 seats, 9.8%
Seats won 7 6
Seat change Green Arrow Up Darker.svg5 Arrow Blue Right 001.svg0
Popular vote 100,581 85,671
Percentage 9.3% 7.9%
Swing Green Arrow Up Darker.svg4.5 pp Red Arrow Down.svg1.9 pp

BasqueCountryProvinceMapParliament1984.png
Constituency results map for the Basque Parliament

Lehendakari before election

Carlos Garaikoetxea
EAJ/PNV

Elected Lehendakari

Carlos Garaikoetxea
EAJ/PNV

The 1984 Basque regional election was held on Sunday, 26 February 1984, to elect the 2nd Parliament of the Basque Autonomous Community. All 75 seats in the Parliament were up for election.

The Basque Nationalist Party (EAJ/PNV) won 32 seats, the Socialist Party of the Basque Country (PSE–PSOE) came second with 19 seats, People's Unity (HB) came third with 11 seats, the People's Coalition (APPDPUL) won 7 seats, and Basque Country Left (EE) won 6 seats.

Electoral system[edit]

The approval of an electoral law in 1983 replaced the provisional legislation that had been in force for the first regional election in 1980. The Basque Parliament was elected using the D'Hondt method and a closed list proportional representation. Under the regional Statute of Autonomy, all three Basque historical territories—the provinces—were to constitute multi-member districts, being assigned an equal number of seats each. The electoral law set this to a fixed-number of 25, for a total of 75 seats. A threshold of 5% of valid votes—which, unlike other electoral legislation in Spain, did not include blank ballots—was applied in each constituency, with parties not reaching the threshold not taken into consideration for seat distribution.

Voting was on the basis of universal suffrage, with all residents over eighteen and in the full enjoyment of all political rights entitled to vote. Concurrently, residents meeting the previous criteria and not involved in any cause of ineligibility were eligible for the Parliament. Groups of electors were required to obtain the signatures of at least 500 registered electors in a particular district in order to be able to field candidates.

The Lehendakari had the ability to dissolve the chamber at any given time and call a snap election; otherwise, elected deputies served for four year terms, starting from election day. Additionally, the Parliament was to be automatically dissolved in the event that no Lehendakari was elected within a 60 day-period from the chamber's first convening, triggering a snap election likewise.[1][2][3]

Results[edit]

Overall[edit]

Summary of the 26 February 1984 Basque Parliament election results
BasqueParliamentDiagram1984.svg
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Basque Nationalist Party (EAJ/PNV) 451,178 41.81 +3.86 32 +7
Socialist Party of the Basque Country (PSE–PSOE) 247,786 22.96 +8.80 19 +10
Popular Unity (HB) 157,389 14.59 –1.89 11 ±0
People's Coalition (APPDPUL)1 100,581 9.32 +4.56 7 +5
Basque Country Left (EE) 85,671 7.94 –1.84 6 ±0
Communist Party of the Basque Country (PCE/EPK) 14,985 1.39 –2.62 0 –1
Blank ballots3 5,029 0.47 +0.08
Total 1,079,057 100.00 75 +15
Valid votes 1,079,057 99.42 +0.41
Invalid votes 6,247 0.58 –0.41
Votes cast / turnout 1,085,304 68.49 +8.73
Abstentions 499,236 31.51 –8.73
Registered voters 1,584,540
Source(s): Department for Security of the Basque Country, historiaelectoral.com
Popular vote
EAJ/PNV
  
41.81%
PSE–PSOE
  
22.96%
HB
  
14.59%
AP–PDP–UL
  
9.32%
EE
  
7.94%
PCE/EPK
  
1.39%
Others
  
1.52%
Blank ballots
  
0.47%
Seats
EAJ/PNV
  
42.67%
PSE–PSOE
  
25.33%
HB
  
14.67%
AP–PDP–UL
  
9.33%
EE
  
8.00%

Distribution by constituency[edit]

Constituency PNV PSE HB CP EE
 % S  % S  % S  % S  % S
Álava 35.5 9 25.1 7 10.8 3 16.2 4 7.7 2
Biscay 43.8 12 23.1 6 12.9 3 9.4 2 7.4 2
Gipuzkoa 40.8 11 22.1 6 18.7 5 6.8 1 8.9 2
Total 41.8 32 23.0 19 14.6 11 9.3 7 7.9 6

Aftermath[edit]

Investiture vote[edit]

First round: 11 April 1984
Absolute majority (38/75) required
Choice Vote
Parties Votes
NCarlos Garaikoetxea PNV (32)
32 / 75
Blank ballots PSE (19), APPDPUL (7), EE (6)
32 / 75
Absences: HB (11)
Source: historiaelectoral.com
Second round: 12 April 1984
Simple majority required
Choice Vote
Parties Votes
YesYCarlos Garaikoetxea PNV (32)
32 / 75
Blank ballots PSE (19), APPDPUL (7), EE (6)
32 / 75
Absences: HB (11)
Source: historiaelectoral.com

References[edit]

  1. ^ Statute of Autonomy of the Basque Country of 1979, Organic Law No. 3 of December 18, 1979 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 14 March 2017.
  2. ^ Law on Elections to the Basque Parliament of 1983, Law No. 28 of November 25, 1983 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 14 March 2017.
  3. ^ Government Law of 1981, Law No. 7 of June 30, 1981 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 14 March 2017.