Bass Harbor Head Light
|Year first constructed||1858|
|Year first lit||1858|
|Tower shape||Cylindrical tower|
|Markings / pattern||White with black marking|
|Focal height||56 feet (17 m)|
|Original lens||Fourth Order Fresnel lens|
|Current lens||Fourth Order Fresnel lens|
|Range||13 nautical miles (24 km; 15 mi)|
|Characteristic||Occulting red, 4s|
|Heritage||place listed on the National Register of Historic Places|
Bass Harbor Head Light Station
|Nearest city||Bass Harbor, Maine|
|Area||2.5 acres (1.0 ha)|
|Architect||US Army Corps of Engineers|
|MPS||Light Stations of Maine MPS|
|NRHP reference #||87002273 |
|Added to NRHP||January 21, 1988|
The history of Bass Harbor Head Light dates to 1855, when it was determined that there was sufficient reason for a lighthouse at the mouth of Bass Harbor. In 1885, the U.S. Congress appropriated $5,000 for construction of the lighthouse. In 1876, construction was completed on a fog bell and tower, since removed. A much larger 4,000-pound (1800 kg) bell was placed inside the tower in 1898. The house of the lightkeeper remains in its original configuration with the exception of a 10-foot addition that was added in 1900. The lighthouse was added to the National Register of Historic Places as Bass Harbor Head Light Station on January 21, 1988, reference number 87002273.
In 1902, an oil storage house constructed of brick was built 205 feet northwest of the lighthouse.
Today, the house is a private residence for a local Coast Guard member and his family. Tourists can get close to the bell and light via a concrete path, but most of the grounds remain private. There is a short walk which takes one to a series of wooden steps that lead down onto the many granite boulders that provide a great view of the harbor side of the lighthouse.
- John Thurston (1858–1861)
- John Rick (1861–1865)
- John Wilson (1865–1869)
- Charles B. Gilley (1869–1872)
- James L. Wilson (1872–1880)
- C. F. Chase (1880–1890)
- William T. Holbrook (1890–1894)
- Willis Dolliver (1894–1912)
- Joseph M. Gray (c.1921-1938)
- Elmer Reed (1938–1940)
- Eugene L. Coleman (?)
- Cecil A. Mareno (1960s)
- Walter D. Moulton (U.S. Coast Guard, 1962-1963)
- Leverett Stanley (1940–1950)
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Hancock County, Maine
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Acadia National Park
- New England Lighthouses, A Virtual Guide: Bass Harbor Head Light
- Inventory of Historic Lighthouses: Maine Lighthouses
- Light List, Volume I, Atlantic Coast, St. Croix River, Maine to Shrewsbury River, New Jersey (PDF). Light List. United States Coast Guard. 2009. p. 23.
- "Historic Light Station Information and Photography: Maine". United States Coast Guard Historian's Office.
- National Park Service (2009-03-13). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- Silverman, Irving (1998). The Historic Homes of the Town of Tremont... A Perspective In Time. Tremont, Maine: Tremont Historical Society. p. 7.
- "Classical Lenses in Operation" (PDF). US Coast Guard. 2009-08-06. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2009-03-25.
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