Bass Rock Lighthouse
Firth of Forth
|Built by||David Stevenson|
|Tower height||20 metres (66 ft)|
|Tower shape||cylindrical tower with balcony and lantern attached to 1-storey keeper's house|
|Markings||white tower, black lantern|
|Operator||Northern Lighthouse Board |
|Heritage||category C listed building|
|Focal height||46 metres (151 ft)|
|Range||10 nautical miles (19 km; 12 mi)|
|Characteristic||Fl (3) W 20 s.|
The Bass Rock Lighthouse on Bass Rock is a 20-metre (66 ft) lighthouse, built in 1902 by David Stevenson, who demolished the 13th-century keep, or governor's house, and some other buildings within the castle for the stone. The commissioners of the Northern Lighthouse Board decided that a lighthouse should be erected on the Bass Rock in July 1897 along with another light at Barns Ness near Dunbar. The cost of constructing the Bass Rock light was £8,087, a light first being shone from the rock on the evening of 1 November 1902. It has been unmanned since 1988 and is remotely monitored from the board's headquarters in Edinburgh. Until the automation the lighthouse was lit by incandescent gas obtained from vaporised paraffin oil converted into a bunsen gas for heating a mantle. Since that time a new biform ML300 synchronised bifilament 20-watt electric lamp has been used.
- Rowlett, Russ. "Lighthouses of Southeastern Scotland". The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved 9 May 2016.
- "Bass Rock". Northern Lighthouse Board. Archived from the original on 2 May 2008. Retrieved 9 May 2016.
- Nicholson, Christopher. (1995) Rock Lighthouses of Britain: The End of an Era? Caithness. Whittles p. 204.
- "Bass Rock Lighthouse". Northern Lighthouse Board. Archived from the original on 2 May 2008. Retrieved 9 May 2016.
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