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A trick-taking avoidance game.
Alternative namesPassadewitz, Bassarowitz, Passarowitz
FamilyTrick-avoidance, point-trick
DeckFrench deck or German Skat pack
Random chanceEasy
Related games
Hearts, Polignac

Bassadewitz, also called Passadewitz, Bassarowitz or Passarowitz, is a card game for 4 players in the Hearts family.

It is first recorded in the 1811 in Hammer's die deutschen Kartenspiele[1] and is still played as a family game in parts of German-speaking Europe. It is a member of the trick avoidance group of playing cards.


Dealer puts up a pool of twelve chips and deals eight cards each from a 32-card pack of French or German playing cards[2] ranking and counting as follows:

Ranks and card-point values of cards
German-suited cards A/D 10 K O U 9 8 7
French-suited cards   A 10 K Q J 9 8 7
Value 11 10 4 3 2

Eldest leads to the first trick and the winner of each trick leads to the next. Suit must be followed if possible. The trick is taken by the highest card of the suit led. There are no trumps.


Whoever takes the fewest card-points wins 5 chips, second fewest 4, third fewest 3. Ties are settled in favour of the eldest player, but a player taking no trick beats one who merely takes no card-points.

A player winning every trick is paid 4 each by the others and a player taking 100 or more in card-points, but failing to win every trick, pays 4 each to the other players. In these cases, the pool remains intact and the same dealer deals again, as also if all four take the same number of card-points.


Ace may count 5 points instead of 11, and each player adds 1 point per trick to his total of card points, which may be classified as the easiest form to play the game


  1. ^ Hammer 1811, pp. 291–302.
  2. ^ Bassadewitz in Meyers Konversations-Lexikon 1905


  • _ (1983). "Bassadewitz". In: Spielkartenfabrik Altenburg (publ.): Erweitertes Spielregelbüchlein aus Altenburg, Verlag Altenburger Spielkartenfabrik, Leipzig 1983, pp. 41ff
  • Hammer, Paul (1811). Die deutschen Kartenspiele. Leipzig: Weygand.
  • Bassadewitz. In: Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon. 6th edition. Vol. 2, Bibliographisches Institut, Leipzig/Vienna 1905, p. 430.
  • Bassadewitz in Brockhaus' Konversationslexikon, 14th edition, 1894–1896, Vol. 2, p. 472
  • Parlett, David (2008). The Penguin Book of Card Games. London: Penguin (2008). p. 157. ISBN 978-0-141-03787-5.
  • Grupp, Claus D. Karten-spiele, Niederhausen: Falken (1975/1979), p. 47. ISBN 3-8068-2001-5.