Bassignac

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Bassignac
The Romanesque chapel of Saint-Jacques, in the hamlet of Vendes, in Bassignac
The Romanesque chapel of Saint-Jacques, in the hamlet of Vendes, in Bassignac
Bassignac is located in France
Bassignac
Bassignac
Coordinates: 45°19′18″N 2°24′24″E / 45.3217°N 2.4067°E / 45.3217; 2.4067Coordinates: 45°19′18″N 2°24′24″E / 45.3217°N 2.4067°E / 45.3217; 2.4067
Country France
Region Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
Department Cantal
Arrondissement Mauriac
Canton Saignes
Intercommunality Sumène Artense
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Marc Maisonneuve
Area1 11.95 km2 (4.61 sq mi)
Population (2010)2 224
 • Density 19/km2 (49/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
INSEE/Postal code 15019 /15240
Elevation 359–671 m (1,178–2,201 ft)
(avg. 412 m or 1,352 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Bassignac is a French commune in the Cantal department in the Auvergne region of south-central France.[1]

Geography[edit]

Bassignac is located some 35 km north-east of Tulle and 10 km south by south-west of Bort-les-Orgues. Access to the commune is by the D922 road from Ydes in the north which passes through the length of the commune and the village and continues south to Mauriac. The D12 comes from Veyrières in the west and goes down the western border joining the D922 at Vendes. The D512 branches off the D12 and passes through Parensol continuing north to join the D922 south of Ydes. Apart from the village there are the hamlets of Le Fau, Le Marlat, Parensol, Montgroux, Vendes, Brousse, and Champleix. The commune is mixed forest and farmland.[2][3]

Vendes is the largest village in the commune with 60 inhabitants in winter and about 100 in summer and is dominated by the old Sumène viaduct.[4]

The Sumène river flows through the commune from north to south turning west to form the southern border of the commune and continuing west to join the Dordogne north of Arches. The Ruisseau de la Graille rises in the centre of the commune and flows north then south to join the Sumène. The Ruisseau de Rouillade flows south forming the eastern border of the commune before joining the Sumène near the centre of the commune.[2][3]

History[edit]

In the 10th century the hamlet of Vendes was the property of Artaud de Charlus. Charlus was a promontory some 4 km north of Vendes and had a fortified chateau on top. There are no remains except a view across the mountains of Auvergne. The Lévis-Charlus family was a noble family.[4]

Bassignac appears as Baßignac on the 1750 Cassini Map[5] and as Bassignac on the 1790 version.[6]

There was a railway running through the commune with the second longest viaduct in Cantal at 367m and a height of 46m. The viaduct and railway were opened in 1893 as part of the SNCF line from Paris-Austerlitz-Aurillac. The line closed on 3 July 1994 and the viaduct was abandoned.[4]

Administration[edit]

List of Successive Mayors[7]

From To Name Party Position
2001 2020 Marc Maisonneuve PS

(Not all data is known)

Demography[edit]

In 2010 the commune had 224 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger communes that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Population Change (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
539 545 570 520 585 535 512 600 587
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
584 515 531 455 512 508 485 1,260 635
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
636 639 540 567 562 637 461 524 422
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2010 -
358 276 223 209 208 230 224 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Population of Bassignac

Education[edit]

The commune has a public primary school at Vendes.[8]

Associations[edit]

  • Association 3V - The espavents, Vendes Viaduct Village: Association to safeguard the Sumène viaduct and the festival of scarecrows.[4]

Culture and heritage[edit]

Civil heritage[edit]

The commune has many buildings and sites that are registered as historical monuments:

  • The Sumène Viaduct (1893)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[9] The interior decorLogo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg of the Viaduct is also registered as an historical object.[10]
  • A Priory House (1746)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[11]
  • The Chateau Park Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[12]
  • Coal Mining Industrial Buildings (19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[13]
  • Houses and Farms (17th-20th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[14]
  • A Flour Mill at Vendes (1799)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[15]
  • A City of Miners at Champleix (20th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[16]
  • A Farmhouse at Lavaurs (1865)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[17]
  • A Mercahnt's House at Lachamp (1868)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[18]
  • A Farmhouse at Le Fau (1769)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[19]
  • A Farmhouse at La Riagaire (1799)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[20]
  • A Farmhouse at Montgroux (1830)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[21]
  • A Farmhouse at Emprades (16th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[22]
  • The Chateau du Rieu Farmhouse at Le Rieu (1755)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[23]
  • A Road Bridge at Vendes (18th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[24]
  • A Wheelwright and Blacksmith's House at Vendes (18th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[25]
  • A House at Vendes (1746)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[26]
  • A Chateau at Vendes (1780)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[27]
  • A Chateau (15th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[28]

Religious heritage[edit]

The commune has several religious buildings and sites that are registered as historical monuments:

  • The Church of Vendes (11th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[29]
  • Monumental Crosses (19th-20th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[30]
  • The Benedictine Priory of Saint Jacques (1778)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[31] The priory contains several items that are registered as historical objects:
    • The Furniture in the PrioryLogo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[32]
    • A Group Sculpture: Education of the Virgin (19th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[33]
    • A Statuette: Saint Marguerite of Antioch (19th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[34]
    • A Statuette: Saint Barbe (18th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[35]
    • 2 Statuettes: Saint Jacques and Saint Joseph (1855)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[36]
    • A Stoup (Middle Ages)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[37]
  • The Parish Church of Sainte-Marie and Sainte-Radegonde (12th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[38] The Church contains many items that are registered as historical objects:
    • A Stained glass window: God the Father blessing (15th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[39]
    • A Stained glass window: Christ blessing (15th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[40]
    • An ex-voto Painting: The Crucifixion (1633)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[41]
    • 4 Capitals and 2 bases (12th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[42]
    • The Furniture in the ChurchLogo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[43]
    • A Candle Mould (19th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[44]
    • A Chalice (18th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[45]
    • A Statue: Saint Radegonde of Poitiers (17th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[46]
    • A Painting: The Adoration of the citizens (19th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[47]
    • A Painting: Saint Radegonde of Poitiers (19th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[48]
    • A Painting: The Crucifixion (1633)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[49]
    • 2 Windows: Christ blessing and God the Father (16th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[50]

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually and the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force on 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bassignac on Lion1906
  2. ^ a b c Bassignac on Google Maps
  3. ^ a b Bassignac on the Géoportail from National Geographic Institute (IGN) website (French)
  4. ^ a b c d 3V The Espavents website (French)
  5. ^ Baßignac on the 1750 Cassini Map
  6. ^ Bassignac on the 1790 Cassini Map
  7. ^ List of Mayors of France (French)
  8. ^ Schools in Bassignac (French)
  9. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA15000034 PA15000036 PA15000119 IA15000125 Sumène Viaduct (French)
  10. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM15000753 Interior decor of the Viaduct (French)
  11. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA15000013 Priory House (French)
  12. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA15000280 Chateau Park (French)
  13. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA15000402 Coal Mining Industrial Buildings Camera aabb.svg (French)
  14. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA15000390 Houses and Farms (French)
  15. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA15000135 Flour Mill Camera aabb.svg (French)
  16. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA15000133 City of Miners Camera aabb.svg (French)
  17. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA15000132 Farmhouse at Lavaurs Camera aabb.svg (French)
  18. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA15000131 Merchant's House at Lachamp Camera aabb.svg (French)
  19. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA15000130 Farmhouse at Le Fau Camera aabb.svg (French)
  20. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA15000129 Farmhouse at La Riagaire Camera aabb.svg (French)
  21. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA15000128 Farmhouse at Montgroux Camera aabb.svg (French)
  22. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA15000127 Farmhouse at La Riagaire (French)
  23. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA15000129 Chateau du Rieu Farmhouse Camera aabb.svg (French)
  24. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA15000124 Road Bridge at Vendes Camera aabb.svg (French)
  25. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA15000128 Wheelwright and Blacksmith's House Camera aabb.svg (French)
  26. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA15000122 House at Vendes Camera aabb.svg (French)
  27. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA15000121 Chateau at Vendes Camera aabb.svg (French)
  28. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA15000118 Chateau Camera aabb.svg (French)
  29. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00093473 Church of Vendes (French)
  30. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA15000134 Monumental Crosses (French)
  31. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA15000120 Benedictine Priory of Saint Jacques Camera aabb.svg (French)
  32. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM15000054 PM15000055 Furniture in the Priory Camera aabb.svg (French)
  33. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM15000053 Group Sculpture: Education of the Virgin Camera aabb.svg (French)
  34. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM15000052 Statuette: Saint Marguerite of Antioch Camera aabb.svg (French)
  35. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM15000051 Statuette: Saint Barbe Camera aabb.svg (French)
  36. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM15000050 2 Statuettes: Saint Jacques and Saint Joseph Camera aabb.svg (French)
  37. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM15000049 Stoup Camera aabb.svg (French)
  38. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA15000117 Parish Church of Sainte-Marie and Sainte-Radegonde Camera aabb.svg (French)
  39. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM15002033 Stained glass window: God the Father blessing Camera aabb.svg (French)
  40. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM15002032 Stained glass window: Christ blessing Camera aabb.svg (French)
  41. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM15000110 Ex-voto Painting: The Crucifixion (French)
  42. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM15000195 4 Capitals and 2 bases (French)
  43. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM15000047 IM15000048 Funiture in the Church (French)
  44. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM15000046 Candle Mould Camera aabb.svg (French)
  45. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM15000045 Chalice Camera aabb.svg (French)
  46. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM15000044 Statue: Saint Radegonde of Poitiers Camera aabb.svg (French)
  47. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM15000043 Painting: The Adoration of the citizens Camera aabb.svg (French)
  48. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM15000042 Painting: Saint Radegonde of Poitiers Camera aabb.svg (French)
  49. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM15000041 Painting: The Crucifixion Camera aabb.svg (French)
  50. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM15000040 2 Windows: Christ blessing and God the Father Camera aabb.svg (French)