Basslink

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Basslink
Location
CountryAustralia
Coordinates38°15′45″S 146°36′29″E / 38.26250°S 146.60806°E / -38.26250; 146.60806 (LoyYang Static Inverter Plant)
38°24′22″S 147°4′6″E / 38.40611°S 147.06833°E / -38.40611; 147.06833 (Victorian Cable Terminal)
41°2′32″S 146°52′07″E / 41.04222°S 146.86861°E / -41.04222; 146.86861 (Tasmanian Cable Terminal)
41°6′53″S 146°53′31″E / 41.11472°S 146.89194°E / -41.11472; 146.89194 (Georgetown Static Inverter Plant)
FromLoy Yang Power Station, Victoria
Passes throughBass Strait
ToGeorge Town substation, northern Tasmania
Ownership information
OwnerKeppel Infrastructure Trust
Construction information
Construction started2003
Construction cost$875 million[1]
Commissioned2005
Technical information
Typesubmarine cable
Type of currentHVDC
Total length370 km (230 mi)
Power rating500 MW (670,000 hp) (630 MW temporarily)

The Basslink electricity interconnector is a 370 km (230 mi) 500 MW (670,000 hp) high-voltage direct current (HVDC) cable linking the electricity grids of the states of Victoria and Tasmania in Australia, crossing Bass Strait, connecting the Loy Yang Power Station, Victoria on the Australian mainland to the George Town substation in northern Tasmania. Basslink is bidirectional and enables Hydro Tasmania to supply some of the peak load capacity to the Australian mainland and take some of the excess base load capacity off the coal-fired generators on the mainland to supply Tasmania.

Financial benefits from the Basslink investment included reduced or deferred need to invest in further base load generation facilities, and potential to profit from selling peak load power into a market in which prices are generally higher, and because the cable was also used to supply power to Tasmania in times of drought, as most of Tasmania's electricity generation is hydroelectricity. A government review of Basslink in 2011 found, "Basslink-related costs have been around $130 million ($ nominal) greater than the actual revenue benefits... [However] Taking both direct and indirect sources of value [such as increased energy security in times of drought] together, Hydro Tasmania concludes that over the period 2006-07 to 2010-11 the average net benefit of Basslink to its business is in excess of $40 million per annum".[1] However economist John Lawrence estimated that the 2015-2016 Basslink outage cost Hydro "between $140 and $180 million."[2]

Basslink is owned by the Keppel Infrastructure Trust, which is listed on the Singapore Stock Exchange, of which one third is held by Temasek, the $350 billion sovereign wealth fund of the Singapore government, and two thirds by the public.

History[edit]

When the Board of Hydro Tasmania[3] originally entered into a preliminary agreement to build Basslink in 2000, it was projected to cost A$500 million.[4] Efforts to prevent corrosion of pipelines and other factors ultimately meant it cost around A$800m to build.[5]

The interconnector was constructed between 2003 and 2005 as an asset of National Grid Australia Pty Ltd, which itself was owned by UK company National Grid plc.

On 1 December 2005, electrical power flowed across Basslink for the first time, as part of the testing procedure. At midnight on the morning of Saturday, 29 April 2006, the link was officially enabled for commercial trading of energy on the National Electricity Market.

On 31 August 2007, CitySpring Infrastructure Trust, a wholly owned subsidiary of Temasek, completed the acquisition of Basslink Pty. Ltd. group, i.e. a conglomerate of 10 commercial subjects owning the Basslink cable infrastructure, with a total enterprise value of AU$1.175 billion.[6]

Since then, CitySpring Infrastructure Trust has morphed into the Keppel Infrastructure Trust, which is listed on the Singapore Stock Exchange, two thirds owned by the public and one third by Temasek, the $350 billion sovereign wealth fund of the Singapore government.

Basslink derives most of its cashflow from a 25-year term Basslink Services Agreement with Hydro Tasmania, the electricity producer owned by Tasmania, which commenced on 28 April 2006.[7] Hydro Tasmania pays a Basslink interconnector facility fee for the transport of the electrical energy of about AU$70 million p.a. This facility fee is said to have a variable factor linked to the interest rate.[8]

2015-2016 outage[edit]

On 21 December 2015, Basslink was disconnected due to a faulty interconnector approximately 100 kilometres (62 mi) off the Tasmanian coast. It was originally expected that Basslink would be repaired and returned to service by 19 March 2016;[9] however, the link was not restored until 13 June 2016.[10] A separate non-cable fault caused another failure of power flow on 22 June.[11] After almost 36 hours power flow was again restored in the evening of 23 June.[12]

Technical description[edit]

Basslink is a monopolar with metallic return[13] HVDC operating at a nominal voltage of 400 kV DC. The nominal rating of the link is 500 MW (670,000 hp) although it is capable of transmitting 630 MW (840,000 hp) from George Town to Loy Yang for up to 4 hours.

It consists of:

  • 290-kilometre (180 mi) long submarine power cable from McGaurans Beach near Giffard, Victoria to Four Mile Bluff above George Town in Tasmania. The cable weighs 60 kg/m.[14] It is the second longest submarine power cable in the world. (see also NorNed)
  • 60.8 kilometres (37.8 mi) overhead power line to the Victorian coast
  • 6.6 kilometres (4.1 mi) underground cable in Victoria
  • 11 kilometres (6.8 mi) overhead line section to the Tasmanian coast
  • 1.7 kilometres (1.1 mi) underground cable in Tasmania.

The pylons of Basslink are of an unusual type. They have two asymmetric crossbars with different lengths. The high voltage line is mounted on the uppermost longer crossbar, while the electrode line is carried by the lower smaller crossbar, which shows in the opposite direction.[15]

Basslink Telecoms[edit]

The Basslink cable also includes a 12-core fibre optic telecommunications cable, the first non–Telstra operated fibre cable crossing Bass Strait. Basslink Telecoms commenced commercial operation on 3 July 2009 and was officially launched on 16 July.[16][17][18] The Tasmanian Government uses it, as well as the TasGovNet fibre backbone, as part of the Connect Tasmania Core infrastructure, to facilitate a more competitive telecommunications industry within the state.[19] The link was also to be used by the now defunct OPEL network.[20]

Sites[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Electricity Supply Industry Expert Panel (December 2011). "Basslink: Decision making, expectations and outcomes" (PDF). Electricity.dpac.tas.gov.au. pp. 7–8. Retrieved 2017-03-08.
  2. ^ Lawrence, John (8 August 2016). "Basslink woes continue". Tasfintalk. Retrieved 22 April 2017.
  3. ^ "Hydro Tasmania | The power of natural thinking". Hydro.com.au. Retrieved 2017-03-08.
  4. ^ "Basslink: Decision making, expectations and outcomes" (PDF). Electricity.dpac.tas.gov.au. December 2011.
  5. ^ "Dark days loom for power supply". theage.com.au.
  6. ^ "Temasek plugs into Basslink". theaustralian.com.au.
  7. ^ Keppel Infrastructure Trust - Basslink
  8. ^ "Basslink under water?". tasfintalk.blogspot.de.
  9. ^ "Basslink interconnector update" (PDF). Baslink.com.au. Retrieved 2017-03-08.
  10. ^ "Electricity flow between Tasmania and Victoria restored". ABC News. Australian Broadcasting Corporation (ABC). 13 June 2016. Retrieved 29 July 2016.
  11. ^ "Basslink confirms fresh outage days after service resumes". ABC News. ABC-Australia. 22 June 2016. Retrieved 29 July 2016.
  12. ^ "Basslink running again after 'mechanical failure' caused outage". ABC News. (ABC-Australia). 23 June 2016. Retrieved 29 July 2016.
  13. ^ "Operations". Basslink. Retrieved 2017-03-08.
  14. ^ [1][dead link]
  15. ^ "Photographic image" (JPG). Farm1.static.flickr.com. Retrieved 2017-03-08.
  16. ^ [2]
  17. ^ "Basslink Telecoms on track for June launch" (PDF) (Press release). Basslink Telecoms. Archived from the original (PDF) on 12 September 2009. Retrieved 2009-04-27.
  18. ^ "Internode first ISP to cross Bass Strait with Basslink" (Press release). Internode. Retrieved 2009-07-07.
  19. ^ "Telecommunications tenders". Department of Treasury and Finance (Tasmania). 2006-09-07. Archived from the original on 2007-09-01. Retrieved 2006-12-13.
  20. ^ "OPEL Network Fact Sheet" (PDF) (Press release). Minister for Communications, Information Technology and the Arts. Archived from the original (PDF) on 1 July 2007. Retrieved 14 July 2007.

External links[edit]

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