Bat Chum

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Bat Chum
Religion
AffiliationHinduism
ProvinceSiem Reap
DeityBuddha
Location
LocationAngkor
CountryCambodia
Bat Chum is located in Cambodia
Bat Chum
Location in Cambodia
Geographic coordinates13°25′29″N 103°54′27″E / 13.42472°N 103.90750°E / 13.42472; 103.90750
Architecture
Architect(s)Kavindrarimathana
TypeKhmer (Pre Rup style)
CreatorRajendravarman
CompletedMid 10th century AD
Temple(s)3 towers
Inscriptions3 (1 in each 3 towers)

Bat Chum (Khmer: ប្រាសាទបាទជុំ) is a small temple built by Kavindrarimathana, a learned Buddhist minister of khmer king Rajendravarman,[1] at the middle of the 10th century. It is about 400 meters (1,300 ft) south of Srah Srang, at Angkor, Cambodia.

It consists of three inline brick towers (in poor conditions at present), standing on the same platform, surrounded by an enclosure and a moat, with a single gopura to the east.

On the doorjambs there are Buddhist inscriptions that mention Kavindrarimathana, the "architect" (or official in charge for construction) who built Srah Srang, East Mebon, and maybe planned the temple-mountain of Pre Rup.[2] The latter was dedicated in 960 AD, shortly before death of the architect. There were houses and a Buddhist monastery near the temple, but these wooden structures have been gone for a long time.[3]

During the excavations in 1952, in the northern and central towers, flagstones showing a yantra were found, which George Coedès was able to reconstitute and with extreme difficulty link to the Buddhist divinities mentioned on doorjambs.[4]

In every tower there is a different inscription signed by three different persons. The last verse of each of the three names the elephants as "dyke breakers".[5]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Coedès, George (1968). Walter F. Vella (ed.). The Indianized States of Southeast Asia. trans.Susan Brown Cowing. University of Hawaii Press. p. 116. ISBN 978-0-8248-0368-1.
  2. ^ Freeman and Jacques, 2006, p.158
  3. ^ Ancient Angkor guide book, by Michael Freeman and Claude Jacques, published in 2003.
  4. ^ Dumarçay et al., 2001, pp.18-19
  5. ^ Freeman and Jacques, 2006, p.155

References[edit]

  • Dumarçay, Jacques; Royère, Pascal; Smithies, Michael; Kähler, Hans; Arps, Ben; Spuler, Bertold; Altenmüller, Hartwig (2001). Cambodian Architecture, Eight to Thirteenth Century. Brill. ISBN 90-04-11346-0.

Coordinates: 13°25′29.38″N 103°54′27.31″E / 13.4248278°N 103.9075861°E / 13.4248278; 103.9075861