Bat SARS-like coronavirus WIV1

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Bat SARS-like coronavirus WIV1
Virus classification e
(unranked): Virus
Realm: Riboviria
Kingdom: Orthornavirae
Phylum: Pisuviricota
Class: Pisoniviricetes
Order: Nidovirales
Family: Coronaviridae
Genus: Betacoronavirus
Species: Severe acute respiratory syndrome-related coronavirus
Strain:
Bat SARS-like coronavirus WIV1
Synonyms
  • SARS-like coronavirus WIV1
  • Bat SL-CoV-WIV1

Bat SARS-like coronavirus WIV1 (Bat SL-CoV-WIV1), also sometimes called SARS-like coronavirus WIV1, is a strain of severe acute respiratory syndrome–related coronavirus (SARSr-CoV) isolated from Chinese rufous horseshoe bats (Rhinolophus sinicus).[1][2] Like all coronaviruses, virions consist of single-stranded positive-sense RNA enclosed within an envelope.[3]

Zoonosis[edit]

The discovery confirms that bats are the natural reservoir of SARS-CoV. Phylogenetic analysis shows the possibility of direct transmission of SARS from bats to humans without the intermediary Chinese civets, as previously believed.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Xing-Yi Ge; Jia-Lu Li; Xing-Lou Yang; et al. (2013). "Isolation and characterization of a bat SARS-like coronavirus that uses the ACE2 receptor". Nature. 503 (7477): 535–8. Bibcode:2013Natur.503..535G. doi:10.1038/nature12711. PMC 5389864. PMID 24172901.
  2. ^ "Taxonomy: Bat SARS-like coronavirus WIV1". www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. Retrieved 2020-02-20.
  3. ^ Naik, Gautam (2013-10-30). "Study: Bat-to-Human Leap Likely for SARS-Like Virus - WSJ.com". Wall Street Journal. Online.wsj.com. Retrieved 2013-10-31. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  4. ^ Vineet D. Menachery et al., SARS-like WIV1-CoV poised for human emergence, 2016. doi:10.1073/pnas.1517719113