Bataan ( ) is a province in the Philippines situated in the Central Luzon region. Its capital is the city of Balanga. Occupying the entire Bataan Peninsula on Luzon, Bataan is bordered by the provinces of Zambales and Pampanga to the north. The peninsula faces the South China Sea to the west and Subic Bay to the north-west, and encloses Manila Bay to the east.
Battle of Bataan is famous in history as one of the last stands of American and Filipino soldiers before they were overwhelmed by the Japanese forces in World War II. The Bataan Death March was named after the province, where the infamous march started.
Located within the province is the Philippines' only
nuclear power plant, the Bataan.
History [ edit ]
This section requires expansion. (December 2015)
Dutch naval forces landed in country in an attempt to seize the islands from Spain. The Dutch massacred the people of Abucay in Bataan.
Cornelio Bascara documents that the province of Bataan was established in January 11, 1757 by Governor-General Pedro Manuel Arandia out of territories belonging to Pampanga and the corregimiento of Mariveles which, at the time, included Maragondon, Cavite across the Manila Bay. [3 ] [4 ]
March 1942: burning houses after a Japanese bombing raid in Bataan
World War II [ edit ]
Bataan featured prominently during
World War II. Prior to the 1941 Japanese invasion, the US Army stored nearly 1,000,000 US gallons (3,800 m 3) of gasoline there.
Shortly after the
Japanese Army invaded the country in December 1941, the combined US and Filipino forces were being gradually overrun and General Douglas MacArthur moved his troops to the Bataan Peninsula in an attempt to hold out until a relief force could be sent from the US. Japanese forces started a siege of the peninsula on January 7, 1942, and launched an all-out assault on April 3, a few months after the Battle of the Points. The majority of the American and Filipino forces surrendered on April 9 and were forced to march more than a 100 kilometres (62 mi) from Bataan to Tarlac, which became known as the Bataan Death March.
Geography [ edit ]
Physical [ edit ]
The province covers the entire
Bataan Peninsula, a rocky extension of the Zambales Mountains jutting out into the South China Sea, enclosing the Manila Bay. At the northern portion of the peninsula is Mount Natib (elevation 1,253 metres (4,111 ft)) and its surrounding mountains, separated from Mount Samat and the Mariveles Mountains in the south by a pass. [4 ]
A narrow coastline plain characterizes the eastern portion of the province, while the western coast features many ridges, cliffs and headlands.
Administrative divisions [ edit ]
Bataan is politically subdivided into 11
municipalities and 1 component city.
District [5 ] Area
(km²) [5 ] Population
(2010) [5 ] [6 ] Density
(per km²) No. of
class [5 ]
14°43′17″N 120°32′06″E / 14.7213146°N 120.5348704°E
14°35′48″N 120°23′32″E / 14.5967431°N 120.3922913°E
Balanga † 2nd
14°40′46″N 120°32′27″E / 14.6795669°N 120.5409693°E
14°51′59″N 120°27′47″E / 14.8663108°N 120.463107°E
14°49′52″N 120°30′27″E / 14.8312331°N 120.5075382°E
14°33′45″N 120°35′42″E / 14.5625242°N 120.5949559°E
14°26′08″N 120°29′25″E / 14.4356104°N 120.4903545°E
14°40′41″N 120°15′55″E / 14.6779981°N 120.2652634°E
14°48′03″N 120°32′12″E / 14.8007228°N 120.5367832°E
14°37′12″N 120°34′49″E / 14.6198622°N 120.5802978°E
14°40′01″N 120°33′10″E / 14.6669245°N 120.5528157°E
14°46′10″N 120°32′32″E / 14.7693766°N 120.5421795°E
† Provincial capital and component city Municipality
Coordinates mark the
city/town center vicinity, and are sorted according to latitude. Income classifications for cities are
Demographics [ edit ]
Source: National Statistics Office
Religion [ edit ]
Various religious groups are exercised by the people but
Roman Catholicism is the predominant religion comprising 85% of Bataan population, in fact Bataan has some of the most beautiful historical Catholic Churches in the country. Aglipayan as well as several Christian faiths are the minority.
Education [ edit ]
Schools, colleges and universities [ edit ]
Acuña Welding School — Hermosa
Antonio G. Llamas Elementary School — Mariveles
AMA Computer Learning Center – Balanga Asia Pacific College of Advanced Studies
Bataan Christian School — Pilar
Bataan Heroes Memorial College — Balanga
Bataan Maritime Institute — Balanga
Bataan Montessori School, Incorporated — Balanga
Bataan National High School (formerly
Arellano Memorial (Bataan) High School) — Balanga
Bataan Peninsula State University (Balanga, Dinalupihan, Orani) Bataan School of Fisheries — Orion
BEPZ Multinational School (formerly
Jose Abad Santos Memorial School (JASMS)) — Mariveles Cabcaben Elementary School — Mariveles
College of Subic Montessori — Dinalupihan
Colegio de San Juan de Letran — Abucay DSOB — Blessed Regina Protmann Catholic School — Mariveles
DSOB — Holy Rosary Parochial Institute — Orani
DSOB — St. Catherine of Siena Academy — Samal
DSOB — St. James Catholic School of Morong — Morong
DSOB — St. John Academy — Dinaluphihan
DSOB — St. Michael the Archangel Academy — Orion
DSOB — St. Nicholas Catholic School — Mariveles
DSOB — St. Peter of Verona Academy — Hermosa
Eastwoods College of Science and Technology — Dinalupihan
EastWoods Professional College of Science and Technology (formerly
SOFTNET College of Science and Technology) Jose Rizal Institute — Orion and Orani
Limay Polytechnic College — Limay
Llamas Memorial Institute — Mariveles
Maritime Academy of Asia and the Pacific — Mariveles
Mariveles National High School — Cabcaben — Mariveles
Mariveles National High School-Poblacion-Mariveles
Microcity Computer College
Mountain View Village School (MVVS) — Mariveles
Northridge Montessori School — Pilar
Philippine Women's University — CDCEC Bataan
Polytechnic University of the Philippines — Mariveles Softnet Information Technology Center — Mariveles
St. Joseph College's of Balanga
St. Nicholas Catechetical Center — Mariveles
TESDA Provincial and Regional Training Center (Orion and Mariveles)
The Peninsula School, Incorporated — Limay
Thy Word International Bible College Extension — Camaya, Mariveles
Tomas del Rosario College — Balanga TWI, Bethel Bible College Extension — DFS, Balanga
Tourist attractions [ edit ]
Historical places [ edit ]
Bataan Death March Marker (Orani)
Bataan First Line of Defense (Layac, Dinalupihan)
First Abucay Catholic Church (The 411-year-old Church, 3rd oldest church in the Philippines)
Mount Samat - Shrine of Valor (Pilar, Bataan) Virgen Milagrosa del Rosario del Pueblo de Orani Shrine (formerly
Holy Rosary Parish Church) (Orani) Zero Kilometre Death March Marker (Mariveles)
Natural places of interest [ edit ]
Notable people from Bataan [ edit ]
Gary David (Dinalupihan) - PBA multi-awarded player
Pedro Tuazon (Balanga) - Solicitor General of the Philippines- 1921
Kerby Raymundo (Orion) - PBA multi-awarded player, power forward, member of the Purefoods Tender Juicy Giants and the Philippines national basketball team.
Romi Garduce (Balanga) - mountain climber who reached Mount Everest.
Mel Tiangco (Pilar) - popular television newscaster and television host; head of GMA Kapuso foundation.
Manuel C. Herrera (Pilar) - a deputy tanod bayan (Ombudsman at present) during the Marcos regime and later, head of the prosecution panel in the Benigno Aquino, Jr. murder case that led to the EDSA Revolution of 1986. And then became one of the justices of the Court of Appeals from 1987 to 1997, and chair of the National Unification Commission
Tomas del Rosario (Orani)- a Filipino judge and statesman who served as the first governor of the province of Bataan from 1903 to 1905. He is remembered for advocating the separation of church and state
Cayetano Arellano (Orion) - The first Supreme Court Chief Justice of the Republic of the Philippines.
Chad Peralta (Limay) - from Pinoy Dream Academy
Jackie Rice (Dinalupihan) - Filipina actress who won the title of Ultimate Female Survivor on the third season of Startstruck.
Tomas Pinpin (Abucay) - A printer, writer and publisher, was also the first Filipino printer and is sometimes referred as the "Patriarch of Filipino Printing."
Luz Banson (Balanga) - Was the wife of Philippine President Ramon Magsaysay and was the seventh First Lady of the Philippines, she was also remembered as one of the most admired First Ladies and distinguished herself for her warmth and simplicity
Diosdado dela Cruz Jr. (Balanga) - 1st ever chess grand master of the province.
Felicito Payumo (Dinalupihan) - Chairman of the Subic Bay Metropolitan Authority from 1998-2004.
Janine Tugonon (Orion) - Binibining Pilipinas 2011 1st Runner-Up, Binibining Pilipinas 2012 Universe and Miss Universe 2012 1st Runner-Up
Evangeline Pascual (Orani) - Actress and First Runner-Up Miss World 1973.
Merceditas Gutierrez (Samal) - assumed the Office of the Ombudsman on December 1, 2005 as the first female to head the post
Manuel Bamba Villar Jr. (Orani) - Senator, Republic of the Philippines
Raymond Almazan (Orion) - is a professional basketball player who currently plays for Rain or Shine Elasto Painters in the PBA.
See also [ edit ]
^ "List of Provinces". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board . Retrieved . 12 February 2013
^ a b "Population and Annual Growth Rates for The Philippines and Its Regions, Provinces, and Highly Urbanized Cities" (PDF). 2010 Census and Housing Population. National Statistics Office . Retrieved . 31 January 2013
^ Cornelio R. Bascara. 2010. A History of Bataan (1587-1900). UST Publishing
^ a b c Lancion, Jr., Conrado M.; cartography by de Guzman, Rey (1995). "The Provinces; Bataan". (The 2000 Millenium ed.). Makati, Metro Manila, Philippines: Tahanan Books. p. 32. Fast Facts about Philippine Provinces ISBN 971-630-037-9 . Retrieved . 4 December 2015
^ a b c d "Province: Bataan". Philippine Statistics Authority - National Statistical Coordination Board . Retrieved . 9 December 2015
^ "2010 Census of Population and Housing: Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay:as of May 1, 2010 (Central Luzon)" (. PDF) National Statistics Office . Retrieved . 9 December 2015
External links [ edit ]
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