Batam

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Batam
City
Other transcription(s)
 • Jawi باتام
 • Chinese 巴淡島
Great Mosque of Batam  Mayor's Office, Baloi CBD, Nagoya Hill,  Raja H. Fisabilillah Road
Great Mosque of Batam

Mayor's Office, Baloi CBD, Nagoya Hill,

Raja H. Fisabilillah Road
Official seal of Batam
Seal
Nickname(s): Kota Industri (Indonesian): "The Industrial City"

Motto: Terwujudnya Batam Sebagai Bandar Dunia yang Modern dan Pusat Pertumbuhan Ekonomi Nasional

(Batam as a civil modern city and as the centre of national economy development)
Batam is located in Indonesia
Batam
Batam
Location in Indonesia.
Coordinates: 1°05′N 104°02′E / 1.083°N 104.033°E / 1.083; 104.033Coordinates: 1°05′N 104°02′E / 1.083°N 104.033°E / 1.083; 104.033
Country Indonesia
Province Riau Islands
Government
 • Mayor Drs. H. Ahmad Dahlan, MH, Ph.D
 • Vice Mayor H. Muhammad Rudi, SE, MM
 • Chairman of BP Batam Ir. Mustofa Widjaja
Area
 • Total 1,595 km2 (616 sq mi)
 • Land 715 km2 (276 sq mi)
 • Water 880 km2 (340 sq mi)
Population (May 2015)
 • Total 1,035,280
 • Density 650/km2 (1,700/sq mi)
Time zone WIB (UTC+7)
Postal code 29453
Area code(s) +62 778
Vehicle registration BP
Website www.batamkota.go.id

Batam refers to both an island, municipality (an Indonesian kotamadya), the largest city in the Riau Islands Province of Indonesia, across the Strait of Singapore, the third-largest city in Sumatra region after Medan and Palembang, and the eighth-largest city in Indonesia after Jakarta Raya, Surabaya, Bandung, Medan, Semarang, Makassar, and Palembang.

Batam is an industrial boomtown, an emerging transport hub, a part of a free trade zone the Indonesia–Malaysia–Singapore Growth Triangle, located 20 km (12 mi) off Singapore's south coast. The 715-km2 (276-mi2) island, now just barely smaller in sizes to Singapore due to the latter's reclamation, is the core part of the municipality, of which 450 km2 is classified as urban. Batam's 2,200  km2 municipality (administratively) covers a number of scattered islands and islets, with Galang and Rempang islands to the immediate south connected to Batam by short bridges, collectively called Barelang with these two islands maintaining their rural character. Bulan Island is also rural. The municipality has a population of 1,035,280 (prediction in May 2015).,[1] also It is the closest part of Indonesia to Singapore, at a minimum land distance of 5.8 km, similar in length to the Transbay Tube. As per the 2010 Census, it was the fastest-growing municipality in the nation, with a population growth rate of 11% per year.[2]

Geography[edit]

Batam is located west of Bintan Island, south of Singapore, north of Rempang, Galang, and east of Bulan Island. The Riau Strait separates Batam and Bintan.

Batam has a tropical climate with average temperatures between 26 and 32 °C. Humidity in the region ranges from 73% to 96%. The wet season spans from November to April, while the dry season is from May to October. Average annual rainfall is around 2,600 mm.[citation needed]

Demographics[edit]

Ethnics[edit]

The society of Batam is a heterogeneous society in the context of Indonesia consisting of diverse ethnicities and classes. The dominant ethnicities are Malays, Javanese, Batak, Minangkabau, and Chinese. As a municipality it exemplifies the national motto of "Bhinneka Tunggal Ika (Unity Through Diversity). The location of Batam close to Singapore is conducive to the growth of economic, sociopolitical, and cultural aspects of local society. In April 2012, Batam had a population of 1,153,860 inhabitants and the population is increasing rapidly. Between 2001 and April 2012, it had a population growth rate of more than 8% per year.

Religion[edit]

Islam is the majority religion in Batam, with 77% of the population, followed by Christians (17%), Buddhists (5.79%), and Hinduism (0.4%). The Great Mosque of Batam, located in the city center adjacent to the main square, the mayor's office and the provincial Parliament, is an important symbol of Islamic religious life in Batam. Christianity and Catholicism are also widely embraced by people of Batam, especially those from the Batak people of Sumatra and transmigrants from Flores. The majority of the Chinese population practises Buddhism. A number of Viharas are located in Batam, of which Vihara Duta Maiteriya is one of the most frequented, and is the largest Vihara in Southeast Asia with an area of 4.5 hectares.

Religion in Batam – Indonesia 2010 Census
religion percent
Islam
  
76.69%
Protestantism
  
17.02%
Buddhism
  
5.79%
Hinduism
  
0.40%

Language[edit]

Indonesian is common lingua franca of Batam in daily use. Malay, Minang, Batak, Javanese, and Chinese ethnic dialects like Hokkien and Teochew are used, and English and German is also spoken, especially by expats living in Batam.

Ethnicities of Batam – 2000 Census[3]
ethnic group percent
Javanese
  
26.78%
Malays
  
17.61%
Batak
  
14.97%
Minangkabau
  
14.93%
Chinese
  
6.28%

Administration[edit]

The local governmental offices are in Batam Centre. The largest community on the island is Lubuk Baja (formerly known as Nagoya). Other residential areas include Baloi Garden, Sekupang, Nongsapura (Nongsa), Waterfront City (Teluk Senimba), Batu Ampar, and Jodoh.

Batam City (Kotamadya Batam) is divided into 12 districts (kecamatan) – which include several adjacent islands such as Bulan, Rempang and Galang, as well as Batam Island itself. The whole municipality is thus often known by the abbreviation of Barelang. The districts are tabulated below with their 2010 Census population:[4]

Name Population
Census 2010[4]
Belakang Padang 18,508
Bulang 9,531
Galang 14,983
Sei Beduk 80,349
Sagulung 149,727
Nongsa 49,828
Batam Centre
(central city)
162,238
Sekupang 100,108
Batu Aji 127,455
Lubuk Baja 80,780
Batu Ampar 58,745
Bengkong 92,033

Economy[edit]

Beginning in the 1970s, the island underwent a significant transformation from a largely forested area into a major harbour and industrial zone.[citation needed] Shipbuilding and electronics manufacturing are important industries on the island. Being located close to the ports of Singapore, the speed of goods shipping and product distribution is increased, benefiting the island's economy. With lower labour costs and special government incentives, it is the site of many factories operated by foreign companies.[5]

Under a framework signed in June 2006, Batam, along with parts of neighbouring Bintan and Karimun, are a part of a Special Economic Zone with Singapore; this zone eliminates tariffs and value-added taxes for goods shipped between Batam and Singapore.[6]

In 2010, around 58% of foreign tourists came from Singapore, and 13% from Malaysia.[7] The island is the location of the International University of Batam.

Batam has recently been exposed as a major facilitator of the controversial ivory trade.[8]

Transport[edit]

Ferry[edit]

Sekupang International Ferry Terminal

The local ferry terminal ports connect to nearby Singapore and Bintan, and provides routes to Johor Bahru (Malaysia). Five ferry terminals are on the island: Harbourbay, Nongsapura Ferry Terminal, Sekupang, Waterfront City, and Batam Centre International Ferry Terminal. The most recent incident happened on 29 November 2015 when a ferry 'Sea Prince' hit floating object(s) while en route to Singapore from Batam and began leaking. A total of 97 passengers were rescued on life rafts.[9][10]

Signs showing a picture of a raised finger over a pair of lips have been placed in August 2014 at the Batam Centre International Ferry Terminal to request silence while queuing for immigration to hear names being called and clearly hear instructions given by the immigration officer . Some visitors have been sent back immediately on the first ferry available for flouting this rule. The signs are also applicable at other terminals, but they are not strictly enforced.[11][12]

Bus Rapid Transit (BRT)[edit]

Batam Busway Interior.jpg
Busway Batam Halte.jpg

Batam's Bus Rapid Transit (TransBatam) has been operating since 2005. It was the second BRT (or known as Busway) in Indonesia, after Jakarta – TransJakarta. TransBatam connects two main bus terminals (Batam Centre Transfer Point and Sekupang Transfer Point) with dozens of bus stops. The bus operates from 06:00 to 18:30. TransBatam serves more than 3,000 people every day. Now, TransBatam serves 3 corridors (Batam Centre-Nagoya, Batam Centre-Batu Aji, Sekupang-Batam Centre). TransBatam plans to open up to 10 corridors.

Taxi[edit]

Blue Bird Taxi

Taxies in Batam are almost available anywhere, at ferry terminals, airport, shopping malls, hotels, etc. More than 3000 taxies are in Batam. In the early 2000s, Batam commonly had Toyota Corolla taxies. Starting in late 2013, more than 95% of taxies are brand new, using the Toyota Limo and Chevrolet Lova.

Airport[edit]

Hang Nadim International Airport

Hang Nadim International Airport is the island's main airport, and has the longest runway of all airports in Indonesia. The airport was the largest airport in the Sumatra region from 1995–2012 with a capacity of 6 million passengers per year, and is now the second largest in the Sumatra region after Kuala Namu International Airport in Medan with a capacity of 8 million passengers. The airport has 4 pairs of jetbridges and 2 single jetbridges. Hang Nadim International Airport is the hub for Lion Air, Batik Air, Citilink, and Malindo Air. BP Batam, which operates Hang Nadim International Airport will build a new terminal with a capacity of 8 million passengers per year for each terminal (16 million passengers per year in total for two terminals) in late 2016. BP Batam targets to build 8 pairs of jetbridges in the new terminal terminal.[13] Domestic destinations include Pekanbaru, Palembang, Medan, Jakarta, Padang, Surabaya, Bandung, Bandar Lampung, Balikpapan, Yogyakarta, Makassar, and many more. International flights currently include Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia (operated by Malindo Air).

Batam Botanical Gardens[edit]

On 28 August 2014, a groundbreaking ceremony for the Batam Botanical Garden was carried out by Public Utility Works Minister. The Batam Botanical Garden will have a land area of 86 hectares, will be the second-largest botanical garden after Bogor Botanical Gardens and will also have a dam.[14]

Environment[edit]

Due to piling works for tourism activity, sand mining, and logging for charcoal business, only 4.2% of Batam island is covered in mangrove forest, a great decrease from 24% in 1970.[15] Originally, Batam Island had 41,500 hectares of mangrove forests.[16]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://globalfmlombok.com/content/soal-mandalika-resort-dprd-ntb-studi-komparatif-dengan-pemkot-batam
  2. ^ http://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2012/05/12/urbanization-and-urban-development-patterns.html
  3. ^ Indonesia's Population: Ethnicity and Religion in a Changing Political Landscape. Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. 2003. ISBN 9812302123
  4. ^ a b Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  5. ^ "Indonesia President inaugurates Batam free trade zone". Xinhua General News Service. 19 January 2009. 
  6. ^ Teo, Laurel (19 May 2007). "Indon SEZ rules ready by end-May; Setting of a deadline likely to please potential investors". The Business Times Singapore. 
  7. ^ Singaporeans constitute 57 pct of tourists in Batam
  8. ^ http://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2013/03/10/batam-alleged-transshipment-point-ivory-africa.html
  9. ^ [1]
  10. ^ [2]
  11. ^ "Shhh! Be silent at Batam immigration queue or be sent back home". 17 August 2014. 
  12. ^ Chris Kitching (19 August 2014). "'Keep quiet or you'll be kicked out of the country!': Ferry terminal's noisy visitors could be DEPORTED if they even whisper while standing in immigration queues". 
  13. ^ Airports in Indonesia
  14. ^ "Kebun Raya Batam Bertaraf Internasional". 29 August 2014. 
  15. ^ "Batam Loses 800 Hectares of Its Mangrove Forest". June 15, 2015. 
  16. ^ "Batam Mangrove Forest Shrinking in Size". October 7, 2015. 

External links[edit]