The Windmill City, City of Energy
"Where Tradition and Vision Meet"
|Townships||Batavia (Kane), Geneva (Kane), Winfield (DuPage)|
|Incorporated||July 27, 1872|
|• Mayor||Jeff Schielke|
|• Total||10.84 sq mi (28.06 km2)|
|• Land||10.65 sq mi (27.58 km2)|
|• Water||0.19 sq mi (0.48 km2)|
|Elevation||666 ft (203 m)|
|• Density||2,450.52/sq mi (946.15/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-6 (CST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-5 (CDT)|
60510 and 60539
|Area codes||630 and 331|
|GNIS feature ID||2394077|
|Wikimedia Commons||Batavia, Illinois|
Batavia (//) is a city mainly in Kane County and partly in DuPage County in the U.S. state of Illinois. Located in the Chicago metropolitan area, it was founded in 1833 and is the oldest city in Kane County. Per the 2020 census, the population was 26,098.
During the latter part of the 19th century, Batavia, home to six American-style windmill manufacturing companies, became known as "The Windmill City." Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, a federal government-sponsored high-energy physics laboratory, where both the bottom quark and the top quark were first detected, is located just east of the city limits.
Batavia was settled in 1833 by Christopher Payne and his family. Originally called Big Woods for the wild growth throughout the settlement, the town was renamed by local judge and former Congressman Isaac Wilson in 1840 after his former home of Batavia, New York. Because Judge Wilson owned the majority of the town, he was given permission to rename the city.
Batavia's settlement was delayed one year by the Black Hawk War, in which Abraham Lincoln was a citizen soldier, and Zachary Taylor and Jefferson Davis were Army officers. Although there is no direct evidence that Lincoln, Taylor, or Davis visited the future site of Batavia, there are writings by Lincoln that refer to "Head of the Big Woods," Batavia's original name. The city was incorporated on July 27, 1872.
After the death of her husband, Mary Todd Lincoln was an involuntary resident of the Batavia Institute on May 20, 1875. At the time the institute was known as Bellevue Place, a sanitarium for women. Mrs. Lincoln was released four months later on September 11, 1875. In the late 19th century, Batavia was a major manufacturer of the Conestoga wagons used in the country's westward expansion. Into the early 20th century, most of the windmill operated waterpumps in use by America's farms were made at one of three windmill manufacturing companies in Batavia. Many of the limestone buildings of these factories remain in use as government and commercial offices, and storefronts. The Aurora Elgin and Chicago Railway constructed a power plant in southern Batavia and added a branch to the city in 1902. The Campana Factory was built in 1936 to manufacture cosmetics for The Campana Company, particularly Italian Balm, the nation's best-selling hand lotion at the time.
Batavia is located at (41.8488583, −88.3084400).
According to the 2010 census, Batavia has a total area of 9.707 square miles (25.14 km2), of which 9.64 square miles (24.97 km2) (or 99.31%) is land and 0.067 square miles (0.17 km2) (or 0.69%) is water.
- Major streets
- Batavia Avenue (IL-31)
- Main Street (Route 10)
- Randall Road
- Washington Street/River Street (IL-25)
- Wilson Street
|U.S. Decennial Census|
|Race / Ethnicity||Pop 2010||Pop 2020||% 2010||% 2020|
|White alone (NH)||22,840||21,479||87.69%||82.30%|
|Black or African American alone (NH)||611||608||2.35%||2.33%|
|Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH)||38||11||0.15%||0.04%|
|Asian alone (NH)||469||583||1.80%||2.23%|
|Pacific Islander alone (NH)||3||2||0.01%||0.01%|
|Some Other Race alone (NH)||18||77||0.07%||0.30%|
|Mixed Race/Multi-Racial (NH)||291||944||1.12%||3.62%|
|Hispanic or Latino (any race)||1,775||2,394||6.82%||9.17%|
Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.
Fermilab is located just outside the town borders and serves as employment for many of the town's residents.
According to the City's 2017 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city are:
|#||Employer||# of employees|
|1||Fermi Research Alliance||1,700|
|9||Flinn Scientific Inc.||150|
|10||DS Containers, Inc.||140|
- In 2013, Batavia's collection of historic windmills was designated as an Historic Mechanical Engineering Landmark by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers.
Batavia is served by Batavia Public School District No. 101. The district currently consists of six K–5 elementary schools, one 6–8 middle school, and Batavia High School. Small pockets of the city are served by Geneva Community Unit School District 304 and West Aurora Public School District 129.
Batavia is served by Batavia Public Library District, which was founded in April 1881 as a township library; the first Board of Library Trustees was elected in April 1882. It converted to a district library in June 1975. The library serves most of Batavia Township, Kane County, Illinois and portions of Winfield Township, DuPage County, Illinois, Geneva Township, Kane County, Illinois, and Blackberry Township, Kane County, Illinois. Its current facility opened in January 2002.
This section needs additional citations for verification. (October 2012)
- Ken Anderson, quarterback with the Cincinnati Bengals; grew up in Batavia
- Charlie Briggs, second baseman with the Chicago Browns
- Bernard J. Cigrand, father of Flag Day; lived in Batavia
- Jackie DeShannon, 1960s singer-songwriter; attended Batavia High School
- J. W. Eddy, 19th-century politician, lawyer and railway engineer, acquaintance of Abraham Lincoln; lived in Batavia
- Winfield S. Hall, physiologist and writer
- Dan Issel, power forward and coach in the Basketball Hall of Fame
- Mary Todd Lincoln, President Abraham Lincoln's wife; committed by her son to the Bellevue Place psychiatric hospital in Batavia (1875)
- Samuel D. Lockwood, politician and judge
- Meredith Mallory, former US Congressman
- John F. Petit, businessman and politician; lived in Batavia
- Birgit Ridderstedt, folk singer and producer
- Craig Sager, sportscaster for TNT and TBS; born in Batavia
- Isaac Wilson, former US Congressman
- List of municipalities in Illinois
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Kane County, Illinois
- Edwards, Jim; Edwards, Wynette (2000). "City of Energy Entrepreneurs". Batavia: From the Collection of the Batavia Historical Society. Chicago, IL: Arcadia. pp. 21–32. ISBN 978-0-7385-0795-8.
- "City of Batavia, Illinois". City of Batavia, Illinois. Retrieved August 31, 2012.
- "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 15, 2022.
- Schielke, Jeffery (2010). "Batavia History: Our Town". City of Batavia. Archived from the original on 2010-10-17. Retrieved 2010-02-08.
- "Batavia city, Illinois". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 15, 2022.
- [Scheetz, George H.] "Whence Siouxland?" Book Remarks [Sioux City Public Library], May 1991.
- Callery, Edward (2009). Place names of Illinois. Champaign-Urbana, Ill: University of Illinois Press. ISBN 978-0-252-03356-8.
- "Several Towns Named After Founders and Heroes". The Daily Herald. December 28, 1999. p. 220. Retrieved August 17, 2014 – via Newspapers.com.
- Blackhawk War
- Illinois Regional Archives Depository System. "Name Index to Illinois Local Governments". Illinois State Archives. Illinois Secretary of State. Retrieved 11 September 2013.
- Emerson, Jason (June–July 2006). "The Madness of Mary Lincoln". American Heritage. Archived from the original on 2009-09-05. Retrieved 2009-09-03.
- "Mary Lincoln's Stay at Bellevue Place". www.abrahamlincolnonline.org.
- Robinson, Marilyn; Schielke, Jeffery D.; Gustafson, John (1998) . John Gustafson's Historic Batavia. Batavia, Ill: Batavia Historical Society. ISBN 0-923889-06-X. OCLC 38030962.
- Cisneros, Stacey L.; Scheetz, George H. (2008). Windmill City: A Guide to the Historic Windmills of Batavia, Illinois. Batavia, Ill: Batavia Public Library. OCLC 247081989.
- "Batavia History". Batavia Historical Society. 2000. Archived from the original on 2010-01-15. Retrieved 2010-02-08.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: City of Batavia
- "G001 - Geographic Identifiers - 2010 Census Summary File 1". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2020-02-13. Retrieved 2015-12-25.
- "Decennial Census of Population and Housing by Decades". US Census Bureau.
- "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE – 2010: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) – Batavia city, Illinois". United States Census Bureau.
- "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE – 2020: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) – Batavia city, Illinois". United States Census Bureau.
- Wollam, Allison. "Discount retailers bulk up in Houston as economy stutters." Houston Business Journal. Monday November 28, 2011. Retrieved on December 8, 2011.
- "Financial Reports". Batavia, IL - Official Website. Retrieved 2019-03-09.
- "Batavia Public Schools". Batavia Public School District No. 101. 2010. Archived from the original on 18 January 2010. Retrieved 13 February 2010.
- "Library History". Batavia Public Library. 2010. Archived from the original on 2010-10-30. Retrieved 2010-02-08.
- "Ken Anderson". IMDb. Retrieved October 19, 2012.
- White, James Terry. (1944). The National Cyclopaedia of American Biography. Volume 31. New York: James T. White & Company. p. 446
- "Dan Issel". NBA Encyclopedia. Archived from the original on November 9, 2012. Retrieved October 22, 2012.
- 'Illinois Blue Book 1937-1938,' Biographical Sketch of John F. Petit, pg. 160-161
- "Craig Sager". CNN/Sports Illustrated. Archived from the original on August 23, 2011. Retrieved October 22, 2012.