Batbayan

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Batbayan
Ruler of Khazarian Bulgars

Batbayan ruled the Khazarian Bulgars[1] mentioned by Theophanes and Nicephorus after the Khazars defeated the Bulgars and Old Great Bulgaria disintegrated.[2]

There is a scholarly theory that he may have been the same person as Bezmer[3] of the Nominalia of the Bulgarian khans who may have been also the first son of Kubrat.[4] He was a member of the Dulo clan, who after Kubrat's death ruled Old Great Bulgaria, but his rule lasted only three years.[5] Kevin Alan Brook calls him Bayan.[6] Batbayan would have then ruled the Bulgars as a subject to the Khazar Khagan.

Sources[edit]

  1. ^ Boris Zhivkov, Khazaria in the Ninth and Tenth Centuries, East Central and Eastern Europe in the Middle Ages, 450-1450, BRILL, 2015, ISBN 9004294481, p. 138 & 228-229.
  2. ^ Carl Waldman, Catherine Mason, Encyclopedia of European Peoples, Facts on File library of world history, Infobase Publishing, 2006, ISBN 1438129181. pp. 106-197.
  3. ^ Boris Zhivkov, Khazaria in the Ninth and Tenth Centuries, East Central and Eastern Europe in the Middle Ages, 450-1450, BRILL, 2015, ISBN 9004294481, p. 228.
  4. ^ Florin Curta, Roman Kovalev as ed., “The” Other Europe in the Middle Ages: Avars, Bulgars, Khazars and Cumans, Volume 2 of East Central and Eastern Europe in the Middle Ages, 450 - 1450, BRILL, 2008, ISBN 9004163891, p. 152.
  5. ^ Vasil Gyuzelev, The Proto-Bulgarians: Pre-history of Asparouhian Bulgaria, Sofia Press, 1979, p. 29.
  6. ^ Kevin Alan Brook, The Jews of Khazaria, Edition 3, Rowman & Littlefield, 2018, ISBN 1538103435, p. 15.