Investigation of potential copyright issue
Please note this is about the text of this Wikipedia article; it should not be taken to reflect on the subject of this article. Do not restore or edit the blanked content on this page until the issue is resolved by an administrator, copyright clerk or OTRS agent.
If you have just labeled this page as a potential copyright issue, please follow the instructions for filing at the bottom of the box.
The previous content of this page or section has been identified as posing a potential copyright issue, as a copy or modification of the text from the source(s) below, and is now listed on Wikipedia:Copyright problems (listing):
Unless the copyright status of the text on this page is clarified, the problematic text or the entire page may be deleted one week after the time of its listing.
Temporarily, the original posting is still accessible for viewing in the page history.
To confirm your permission, you can either display a notice to this effect at the site of original publication or send an e-mail from an address associated with the original publication to permissions-en at wikimedia dot org or a postal letter to the Wikimedia Foundation. These messages must explicitly permit use under CC-BY-SA and the GFDL. See Wikipedia:Donating copyrighted materials.
Note that articles on Wikipedia must be written from a neutral point of view and must be verifiable in published third-party sources; consider whether, copyright issues aside, your text is appropriate for inclusion in Wikipedia.
To demonstrate that this text is in the public domain, or is already under a license suitable for Wikipedia, click "Show".
Simply modifying copyrighted text is not sufficient to avoid copyright infringement—if the original copyright violation cannot be cleanly removed or the article reverted to a prior version, it is best to write the article from scratch. (See Wikipedia:Close paraphrasing.)
For license compliance, any content used from the original article must be properly attributed; if you use content from the original, please leave a note at the top of your rewrite saying as much. You may duplicate non-infringing text that you had contributed yourself.
It is always a good idea, if rewriting, to identify the point where the copyrighted content was imported to Wikipedia and to check to make sure that the contributor did not add content imported from other sources. When closing investigations, clerks and administrators may find other copyright problems than the one identified. If this material is in the proposed rewrite and cannot be easily removed, the rewrite may not be usable.
As of 2015, Bates College has an acceptance rate of 17.8% and was listed as the nineteenth-best liberal arts college in the country in the 2015 U.S. News & World Report rankings. Bates offers 33 departmental and interdisciplinary program majors and 25 secondary concentrations, and confers Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) and Bachelor of Science (B.S.) degrees. The college enrolls approximately 1,800 students, 300 of whom study abroad each semester. The student-faculty ratio is 10-to-1, and 100% of tenured faculty possess the highest degree in their field.
Bates' 31 varsity teams are known as the Bates Bobcats and compete in the Division IIINESCAC. Since the 1870's Bates College shares one of the ten oldest NCAA Division III football rivalries with Bowdoin College and Colby College.
This article or section may have been copied and pasted from a source, possibly in violation of Wikipedia's copyright policy. Please remedy this by editing this article to remove any non-free copyrighted content and attributing free content correctly, or flagging the content for deletion. Please be sure that the source of the copyright violation is not itself a Wikipedia mirror. (September 2015)
As with many New England institutions, religion played a vital role in the college's founding. The Reverend Oren Burbank Cheney founded and served as the first president of Bates. He was a Freewill Baptist minister, a teacher, and a former Maine legislator. Cheney and Rev. Ebenezer Knowlton steered through the Maine Legislature a bill creating an educational corporation initially called the Maine State Seminary. Dr. Alonzo Garcelon convinced Cheney and Knowlton to locate the school in Lewiston, Maine's fastest-growing industrial and commercial center.
Cheney assembled a six-person faculty dedicated to teaching the classics and moral philosophy to both men and women. In 1863 he received a collegiate charter, and obtained financial support for an expansion from the city of Lewiston and from Benjamin E. Bates, the Boston financier and manufacturer whose mills dominated the local riverfront. In 1864 the Maine State Seminary was renamed Bates College. The College consisted of Hathorn and Parker halls and a student body of fewer than 100. Nearly 200 students and alumni of the College and Seminary served in the American Civil War (1861–65). Two students from Georgia were the only ones to fight for the Confederacy. With Cheney's support, Mary Wheelwright Mitchell became the first woman to graduate from a New England college, class of 1869. Cheney ensured that no secret societies or fraternities were allowed on campus. One secret society was founded at Bates in 1881, but the society was not sanctioned by the President or the College. By the end of Cheney's tenure, in 1894, the campus had expanded to 50 acres (20 ha) and six buildings.
Bates College in 1857, Hathorn Hall and Parker Hall
In 1894 George Colby Chase, Class of 1868, succeeded President Cheney. Known as "the great builder," Chase oversaw the construction of eleven new buildings, including Coram Library, the Chapel, Chase Hall, Carnegie Science Hall, and Rand Hall. Chase tripled the number of students and faculty, as well as the endowment. He discontinued the Cobb Divinity School and Nichols Latin School departments of the College. In 1907 at the request of Chase and the Board, the legislature amended the college's charter removing the requirement for the President and majority of the trustees to be Free Will Baptists; this change to a non-sectarian status allowed the school to qualify for Carnegie Foundation funding for professor pensions.
In 1920 Clifton Daggett Gray, a clergyman and former editor of The Standard, a Baptist periodical published in Chicago, succeeded President Chase. On campus, renovations were completed on Libbey Forum and the Hedge Science Laboratory, and the Clifton Daggett Gray Athletic Building, Alumni Gymnasium, Stephens Observatory telescope, and Women's Locker Building (now the Muskie Archives) were constructed. During World War II, when male students abandoned college campuses to enlist in the armed forces, Gray established a V-12 Navy College Training Program Unit on campus, assuring the College students - men and women - during wartime. When he retired, in 1944, Gray had increased the student enrollment to more than 700 and doubled the faculty to seventy; the endowment had doubled to $2 million.
Bates College, 1879
In 1944 Charles Franklin Phillips, a professor at Colgate University and a leading economist, became Bates' fourth president. He initiated the Bates Plan of Education, a liberal arts "core" study program. He also directed expansions of campus facilities, including the Memorial Commons, the Health Center, Dana Chemistry Hall, Pettigrew Hall, Treat Gallery, Schaeffer Theatre, and Page Hall. When he retired in 1967, Phillips left a student body of 1,000 and an endowment of $7 million.
In 1967 Thomas Hedley Reynolds assumed the presidency. His greatest achievement was the development and support of faculty, which brought Bates recognition as a national college. In addition to recruiting teacher-scholars, Reynolds championed better faculty pay, an expanded sabbatical leave program, and smaller classes.
Additions to the campus under Reynolds' presidency included the George and Helen Ladd Library, Merrill Gymnasium and the Tarbell Pool, the Olin Arts Center and the Bates College Museum of Art, as well as the conversion of the former women's gymnasium into the Edmund S. Muskie Archives and the acquisition of the Bates-Morse Mountain Conservation Area. Many of the early 20th-century houses on Frye Street that now accommodate students, a popular alternative to larger residential halls, were acquired at this time.
Donald West Harward began his service as sixth president of Bates in 1989. During Harward's presidency, students received greater opportunities to study off campus with Bates faculty or in College-approved programs. He integrated more fully into student academic and intellectual life the senior thesis, the important capstone experience that has been a part of the Bates curriculum since the early 20th century but is now a focal point.
The Hathorn Bell Tower, at sunset.
Under Harward, Bates for the first time in many years reached out institutionally into the community of Lewiston-Auburn. Bates students and faculty built relationships in the community through one of the most active service-learning programs in the country.
More than twenty major academic, residential, and athletic facilities were built during his tenure, including Pettengill Hall, the Residential Village and Benjamin E. Mays Center, and the Bates College Coastal Center at Shortridge.
Elaine Tuttle Hansen served as Bates' seventh president from 2002 through June 30, 2011. Hansen's accomplishments include strengthened student diversity, expanded facilities through a campus master plan process, and completion of a major fundraising effort, "The Campaign for Bates: Endowing Our Values," which ended in June 2006 and raised nearly $121 million, $1 million more than its stated goal. Facilities improvements include a new student residence, new campus walkway, new dining commons, and the renovation and expansion of two historic buildings, Hedge and Rogers Williams halls, for academic use. Hansen is now executive director of the Center for Talented Youth at The Johns Hopkins University.
On July 1, 2011, Nancy J. Cable became interim president, to serve through June 30, 2012, while Bates conducted a national search for its eighth president. Cable joined Bates in February 2010 as vice president and dean of enrollment and external affairs. On December 4, 2011, the Board of Trustees announced Clayton Spencer as the College's 8th President, to assume her duties on July 1, 2012.
Bates operates on a 4-4-1 schedule: two semesters and a month-long "Short Term." Bates offers 33 departmental and interdisciplinary program majors, and 26 secondary concentrations. The most popular majors at Bates are politics, psychology, economics, environmental studies, history, French, and biology. Of all the students graduating in 2013, 15.4% had a double major while 47.2% of students had a secondary concentration (minor). Four students in the Class of 2013 graduated with interdisciplinary-self-designed majors. All tenured or tenure-track faculty members hold Ph.D.s or other terminal degrees. Bates students work directly with faculty; the student-faculty ratio is 10:1, and faculty members teach all classes.
Of the seniors of the Class of 2007 97% completed a senior thesis or project. Sixty-three percent of Fall 2007 class sections had nineteen or fewer students
For its regular decision admissions cycle, the college offered admission to 17.8% of applicants. The college received a record 5,636 applications, a 12% increase over the previous year. The college had an overall admit rate of 21.4%. For the Class of 2017, 1,267 of 5,243 applicants were accepted – including 277 under the binding Early Decision plan – for an admission rate of 24.2% Bates is exceptionally selective when admitting transfer students. During the 2012-2013 admissions cycle, only 3 of 164 applicants were accepted, for an admission rate of less than 2%.
Bates has a test-optional admission policy. Among the Class of 2017, the 25th and 75th percentiles for composite SAT scores were 1900 and 2140, and composite ACT scores, 29 and 32, respectively.
In 1984, Bates instituted one of the first SAT-optional programs in the United States. In 1990, the Bates faculty voted to make all standardized tests optional in the college's admissions process. In October 2004, Bates published a study regarding the testing optional policy, and presented it to the National Association for College Admission Counseling. Following two decades without required testing, the college found that the difference in graduation rates between submitters and non-submitters was 0.1%, and that its applicant pool had doubled since the policy was instituted. Approximately 1/3 of applicants do not submit scores; Bates non-submitting students averaged only 0.05 points lower on their collegiate Grade Point Average. Applications from minority students have increased dramatically since the policy was implemented.
The Bates College study prompted a movement among small liberal arts colleges to make the SAT optional for admission to college in the early 2000s (decade). According to a 31 August 2006 article in the New York Times, "It is still far too early to sound the death knell, but for many small liberal arts colleges, the SAT may have outlived its usefulness."
The percentage of Bates students who study off-campus is relatively high, with 63% of the Class of 2007 receiving credit for off-campus study. In 2007, the Institute for International Education ranked Bates 14th among baccalaureate institutions for semester-length study abroad, and 15th for full-year study abroad (2005-2006 data)
Since 1990, Bates students have participated in study-abroad programs in almost 80 countries. The five most popular countries for the study abroad program in descending order are Italy, United Kingdom, China, Austria, and Spain.
Bates College is located in central Lewiston, the second largest city in Maine. The Androscoggin Rover flows through the city and wraps around Bates. The eastern campus stretches around Lake Andrews, where many residential halls are located overlooking the lake. The quad of the campus extends and connects academic buildings, athletics arenas, and the on-campus restaurant, The Den.
Bates College Multi-Faith Chapel
As a former mill town, Lewiston has French Canadian roots and a Somalian populate.
The Library’s collections include approximately 620,000 catalogued volumes, 2,500 serial subscriptions and 27,000 audio/video items. There are more than 80 Web-accessible research databases and more than 4,000 electronic journals, full-text titles or other electronic resources accessible through the catalog. An automated system links the Bates Library to those of Bowdoin and Colby colleges. Users can search the Web-based catalogs of all three libraries, and request delivery of books and other items directly. Bates students and faculty have borrowing privileges at the Bowdoin and Colby libraries, in person or electronically.
Within the Bates Campus lies Mount David — a tall rock outcropping that is a common recreational area for students and the community. Lake Andrews, the pond near the heart of the Bates campus, offers ice skating opportunities in the winter.
The College also holds access to the 574-acre (2.32 km²) Bates-Morse Mountain Conservation Area, in Phippsburg, Maine which preserves one of the few undeveloped barrier beaches on the Atlantic coast; and the neighboring Bates College Coastal Center at Shortridge, which includes an 80-acre (32 ha) woodland and freshwater habitat, scientific field station, and retreat center.
In 2009 Bates was one of 15 colleges in the United States named to the "Green Honor Roll" by Princeton Review. The United States Environmental Protection Agency honored Bates as a member of the Green Power Leadership Club because 96% of the energy used on campus is from renewable resources.
In February 2007, Bates President Elaine Tuttle Hansen signed the American College & University Presidents Climate Commitment. She is one of 62 chief executives in the coalition's Leadership Circle, which provides guidance, peer encouragement and direction to the effort.
Bates, on the 2009 College Sustainability Report Card, earned "A"s in the Administration, Climate Change & Energy, Student Involvement, Food & Recycling, and Green Building categories.
The approximately 1,750 students at Bates come from 46 states and districts, and 65 foreign countries. The state with the highest percentage of students enrolled in the college is Massachusetts with 26.7%. New York comes in second with 13.4% and Maine in third with 10.8%.
Most students live in one of the 13 dormitories or 25 Victorian houses on campus. As of 2011, Bates is the college with the highest tuition in the United States, but this federal ranking doesn't consider Bates' grants of financial aid and it compares Bates' comprehensive fee, which includes room and board as well as tuition, to other colleges' tuition only.
Bates does not and has never had fraternities or sororities. All campus organizations are open to any student who wishes to join.
There are nearly 90 student-run clubs and organizations at Bates, chief among them the Bates College Student Government.
The Bates Student has been the main student newspaper since 1873. The John Galt Press, a conservative/libertarian newspaper, was founded and published at Bates and distributed at a number of other colleges and universities, though it has not been printed at Bates since the Winter semester of 2005. The Bates College Mirror has been the student yearbook since 1909, although annual class photo books date to 1870.
The Bates Bobcats compete in the NCAADivision IIINew England Small College Athletic Conference, and Colby-Bates-Bowdoin Consortium. The official school color is garnet (the Garnet was the original mascot), though black is traditionally employed as a complement. Bates is home to one of the oldest college football teams and fields in the United States, Garcelon Field, renovated in 2010 to install a FieldTurf surface, new grandstand and scoreboard, and lights. The first college football game in Maine was played versus Tufts in 1875. The Bates College athletics department was ranked 19th out of 420 in the 2005 NCAADivision III winter rankings.
Bates fields 31 varsity teams. There are also intercollegiate club teams in cycling, ice hockey, rugby, sailing, ultimate frisbee, men's volleyball and water polo.
The men's football team competes against teams in the NESCAC, and is in the Colby-Bates-Bowdoin Consortium. This consortium are a series highly competitive football game ending with a championship game between the three schools. Bates has won this competition in 2014, tied in 2013, won it 2012, and tied in 2011. Complete list of wins and losses available at Colby-Bates-Bowdoin.
The men's rugby team placed second in the nation in 1997 and has made it to the nationals or regionals all but one year since then. The women's rugby regularly makes it to the regionals and made it to the nationals in 2003.
In May 2009, Amrit Rupasinghe and Ben Stein won the NCAA Division III tennis doubles championships in Claremont, CA. Stein also reached the singles final. The pair had finished as losing semi-finalists the year before when the NCAA Division III championships was hosted by Bates College at the James Wallach Tennis Center.
The women's Rowing Team is ranked 3rd nationally. In 2015, the team won the NCAA Division III Women's Rowing Championship, The NESCAC Championship, New England Rowing Championships, Presdent's Cup Regatta, Charles River Regatta, and the Bates Invitational.
The Men's Varsity Men's Rowing Team has competed, with a second-place finish at the 2012 ECAC/National Invitational and an international appearance at the Royal Henley Regatta in 2009. In 2015, the Men's team placed first in the ECAC/NIRC regatta, and the Bates Invitational.
Andrew Byrnes (class of 2005) won the Olympic Gold medal while rowing for the Canadian National team in 2008 in Beijing.
Bates College has a sailing team based at the Taylor Pond Yacht Club, in Auburn, Maine. The team is sanctioned by the New England Intercollegiate Sailing Association, and Intercollegiate Yacht Racing Association. The team races in regattas in New England and Canada. Their main competators are Bowdoin, Tufts, and Massachusetts Institute of Technology. The club's most prominent fleet consists of Flying Juniors, and formal regatta training takes place on the Taylor Pond of Auburn.
The 2004 women's basketball team was ranked the number one NCAADivision III team in the United States for most of February 2005 and finished the year ranked number six by the USA Today/ESPN Today 25 National Coaches' Poll.