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Bates College

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Bates College
This is a logo of Bates College.png
Latin: Academia Batesina
Motto Amore Ac Studio (Latin)
Motto in English
"With Ardor and Devotion" by Charles Sumner
Type Private
Established March 16, 1855 (1855-03-16)[a]
Endowment $261.5 million (FY 2015)[3]
Chairman Michael Bonney
President Clayton Spencer
Dean Leigh Weisenburger[4]
Dean of Admissions
Joshua McIntosh[5]
Dean of Students
Matthew Auer[6]
Dean of Faculty
Academic staff
204 (Fall 2015)[7]
Undergraduates 1,792 (Fall 2015)[7]
Location Lewiston, Maine, U.S.
44°6′20″N 70°12′15″W / 44.10556°N 70.20417°W / 44.10556; -70.20417Coordinates: 44°6′20″N 70°12′15″W / 44.10556°N 70.20417°W / 44.10556; -70.20417
Campus Main campus: 133 acres (Rural/Suburban)
Bates Mountain: 600 acres (Mountainous)
Coastal Center: 80 acres (Coastal/Marine)
Total holdings: 813 acres
Newspaper The Bates Student
Colors      Garnet[8] 
Athletics
Nickname Bobcats
Affiliations
Website Bates.edu
Bates College wordmark.png

Bates College (/ˈbts/ BAYTS)[9][b] is a private liberal arts college in Lewiston, Maine.[10] The college was founded by abolitionist statesmen and established with funds from Benjamin Bates. Founded as a baccalaureate by Oren Burbank Cheney in 1855, it is the oldest coeducational college in New England.[11][12]

Bates provides undergraduate instruction in the humanities, social sciences, natural sciences, and engineering. It currently enrolls 1,792 students, 200 of whom study abroad each semester, making it the smallest in its athletic conference. Students may enroll at other universities such as Dartmouth College and Columbia University,[c] to pursue their respective engineering programs, as a part of the college's academic program.[13] The college is currently ranked 8th in the country by Washington Monthly,[14] and 25th by U.S. World News & Report.[15]

The central campus is rural/suburban and is located near the Androscoggin River in Lewiston, Maine, centering on the Historic Quad.[16] Along with the main campus, Bates maintains an 80-acre coastal center on Atkins Bay and a 600-acre nature preserve, the Bates-Morse Mountain near Campbell Island.[17] Bates is located in a former mill town that has a large French Canadian ethnic presence due to migration from Québec and Nova Scotia in the 19th century.

The college is a Charter Member of its athletic conference, the NCAA Division III New England Small College Athletic Conference, and competes in the conference as the Bates Bobcats. Bates has a historical connection and affiliation with Bowdoin and Dartmouth College, and alongside the former and Colby College compete in the Colby-Bates-Bowdoin Consortium. The students and alumni of Bates are well known for preserving a variety of strong campus traditions.[18][19][20] Bates College alumni include the following: 86 Fulbright Scholars,[21] 22 Watson Fellows,[22] 11 Olympians,[23] 10 Justices on State Supreme Courts, 5 Pulitzer Prize Winners,[24] and 1 presidential nominee.[25][26]

History

Historical origins

The college's oldest academic building, Hathorn Hall was built in 1856 by Boston architect Gridly J.F. Bryant.

While attending Parsonsfield Seminary, a Freewill Baptist divinity school, Oren Burbank Cheney criticised the racial segregation and religious oppression that was embedded in American educational institutions.[27] In 1836, Cheney enrolled in Dartmouth College (after briefly attending Brown), due to Dartmouth's significant support of the abolitionist cause against slavery.[28] After graduating, Cheney was ordained a Baptist minister and began to establish himself as an educational and religious scholar.[29] Parsonsfield mysteriously burned down in 1853,[d] allegedly due to arson by opponents of abolition.[30][31] The event caused Cheney to advocate for the building of a new seminary in a more central part of Maine.[32][33]

With Cheney's influence in the state legislature, the Maine State Seminary was chartered in 1855 and implemented a liberal arts and theological curriculum, making the first coeducational college in New England,[11][12][34] and the second oldest in the United States.[35] The campus runs parallel to Frye Street, an area that was part of a historically affluent district of Lewiston.[36] Soon after establishment several donors stepped forward to finance portions of the school, such as Canadian Seth Hathorn, who donated the first library and academic building, which was renamed Hathorn Hall.[37] The Cobb Divinity School became affiliated with the college in 1866. Four years later in 1870, Bates sponsored a college preparatory school, called the Nichols Latin School.

The school maintained three literary societies: the Literary Fraternity, Philomathean Society and Ladies' Athenaeum.[38] The college was affected by the financial panic of the later 1850s and required additional funding to remain operational.[39] Cheney's impact in Maine was noted by Boston business magnate Benjamin Bates who developed an interest in the college. Bates gave $100,000 in personal donations and overall contributions valued at $250,000 to the college.[40][41] The school was renamed Bates College in his honor in 1863 and was chartered to offer a liberal arts curriculum beyond its original theological focus.[42] The year previous, the college graduated Frank Haven Hall, who would later invent one of the first typewriters and the first Braille typewriter.[43] Two years later the college would graduate the first woman to receive a college degree in New England, Mary Mitchel.[44] The seal of the college features a stag deer resting near a pine tree, left of a single of grain, representing the "impact of Maine's nature on the person", a lighted oil lamp representing "unwavering clarity in times of uncertainty", and an open book, representing "academic excellence and devotion."[45][46]

The Nichols Latin School was a private college preparatory school that operated in the late 19th century to prepare students for the academic curriculum of Bates. The school occupied what is now John Bertram Hall.

The college began instruction with a six-person faculty tasked with the teaching of moral philosophy and the classics. From its inception, Bates College served as an alternative to a more traditional and historically conservative Bowdoin College.[47][48] There is a long tradition of rivalry and competitiveness between the two colleges, revolving around socioeconomic class, academic quality, and collegiate athletics.[49][50] Bates also has a connection and affiliation with Dartmouth College, that includes an athletic rivalry, shared academic programs, campus parallels, and traditions.[51][52] The original faculty were abolitionists and several of the institution's first students were African Americans and women.

The college, under the direction of Cheney, rejected fraternities and sororities on grounds of unwarranted exclusivity.[53] Cheney was a friend of U.S. Senator Charles Sumner who was among the most radical of the abolitionists in the U.S. Congress. Sumner also believed in integrated schools and equal rights for all races.[54] Cheney asked Sumner to create a collegiate motto for Bates and he suggested the Latin phrase amore ac studio which he translated as "with love for learning" which has been taken as "with ardor and devotion,"[55] or "through zeal and study."[56] During the American Civil War, Bates played an important role in advocating for the rights of African Americans. Many alumni fought or otherwise served in the Civil War. During this time, the Bates Board of Fellows was established, and notable members included James Blaine and Nelson Dingley.[57] Bates graduated Brevet Major Holman Melcher, who served in the Union Army in the 20th Maine Volunteer Infantry Regiment. He was the first person to charge down Little Round Top at the Battle of Gettysburg.[58] The college graduated the last surviving Union general of the American Civil War, Aaron Daggett. The college's first African American student, Henry Chandler, graduated in 1874.[59] James Porter, one of General Custer's eleven officers killed at the Battle of Little Bighorn in 1876 was also a Bates graduate. In 1884, the college graduated the first woman to argue in front of the U.S. Supreme Court, Ella Haskell.[60]

Bates students participating in Ivy Day, in 1943.

20th century

In 1894, George Colby Chase led Bates to increased national recognition, and the college graduated one of the founding members of the Boston Red Sox, Harry Lord.[61][62] During the Chase presidency, the college's debate team became intercollegiate and associated with the college's academic reputation.[63][64] In 1920, the Bates Outing Club was founded and is one of the oldest collegiate outing clubs in the country, the first at a private college to include both men and women from inception, and one of the few outing clubs that remains entirely student run.[65][66]

The debate society of Bates College, the Brooks Quimby Debate Council, became the first college debate team in the United States to compete internationally, and is the oldest collegiate coeducational debate team in the United States.[67] In February 1920, the debate team defeated Harvard College during the national debate tournament held at Lewiston City Hall. In 1921, the college's debate team participated in the first intercontinental collegiate debate in history against the Oxford Union's debate team at the University of Oxford. In 1922, The New York Times called Bates "the power centre of college debating in America."[68] Oxford's first debate in the United States was against Bates in Lewiston, Maine, in September 1923.[69] Also in 1923, U.S. President Calvin Coolidge was given an honorary degree by Bates upon his election to the presidency. In addition, numerous academic buildings were constructed throughout the 1920s. During 1943, the V-12 Navy College Training Program was introduced at Bates. Bates maintained a considerable female student body and "did not suffer [lack in student enrollment due to military service involvement] as much as male-only institutions such as Bowdoin and Dartmouth."[67] During the war, a Victory Ship was named the S.S. Bates Victory, after the college.[70] It was during this time that future U.S. Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy enrolled along with hundreds of other sailor-students.[71][72][73]

The college began to compete athletically with Colby College, and in 1964, with Bowdoin created the Colby-Bates-Bowdoin Consortium. All three of the schools compete in the New England Small College Athletic Conference (NESCAC) and share one of the ten oldest football rivalries in the United States.[74][75] In 1967, President Thomas Hedley Reynolds promoted the idea of teacher-scholars at Bates and secured the construction of numerous academic and recreational buildings.[76] Most notably, Reynolds was integral to the acquisition of the Bates-Morse Mountain. Under Reynolds, Bates ceased being identified with any particular religion. Although never a sectarian college, Bates has historic ties to the Northern Freewill Baptist denomination whose members were instrumental in its founding. It maintained a nominal link to the Baptist tradition for 115 years. In 1970, that link ended when the college catalog no longer described Bates as a "Christian college." Bates College contributed to the movement to make standardized testing scores optional for college admission. In 1984, upon the convening of Lane Hall, became one of the first liberal arts colleges to make the SAT and ACT optional in the admission process.[77] Reynolds began the Chase Regatta in 1988, which features the President's Cup that is contested by Bates, Colby, and Bowdoin annually. In 1989, Donald West Harward became president of Bates and greatly expanded the college's overall infrastructure by building 22 new academic, residential and athletic facilities, including Pettengill Hall, the Residential Village, and the Coastal Center at Shortridge.[78][79]

View from the steps of Hathorn Hall during commencement week, outlooking the Historic Quad, directly facing Lindholm House, the admissions office.

21st century

Elaine Tuttle Hansen was elected as the first female president of Bates College[80] and "developed greater resources for financial aid, increased diversity of the faculty and student body, strengthened environmental sustainability and stewardship, and made technological advances."[81] Hansen began to modernize residential and academic buildings to include state of the art equipment and amenities. The college announced her retirement in 2011, appointing Nancy Cable as interim president, to serve through June 30, 2012, while the college conducted a national search for its eighth president. It was rumored that Harvard University dean, Clayton Spencer was to be appointed as her successor.[82] On Friday, Oct. 26, 2012, Spencer assumed the presidency. Her subsequent inauguration speech, "Questions Worth Asking" drew 2,500 students, faculty, alumni, and distinguished members of the American collegiate educational system in Merrill Gymnasium.[83]

At the start of 2016, the college announced the construction of new facilities, residential dorms and academic buildings,[84] and the development new areas of study.[85]

Academics

Entrance to the college's inaugural library, Coram Library.

Bates College is a private baccalaureate liberal arts college that offers 36 departmental and interdisciplinary program majors and 25 secondary concentrations, and confers Bachelor of Arts (B.A.), Bachelor of Science (B.S.) and Bachelor of Science in Engineering (B.S.E.) degrees. Bates College enrolls 1,792 students, 200 of whom study abroad each semester.[86] The academic year is broken up into three terms, primary, secondary, and short term, also known as the 4–4–1 academic calendar. This includes two semesters, plus a Short Term consisting of five weeks in the Spring, in which only one class is taken and in-depth coursework is commonplace.[87] Two Short Terms are required for graduation, with a maximum of three.[87]

The largest social science academic department at Bates College is its Economics department, followed by Psychology, Politics, and History. The largest natural science academic department is the Biology department, followed by Mathematics, Physics, and Geology.[88] The college's Economics Department was the most cited of liberal arts colleges in the United States in 2001.[89] Bates offers a Liberal Arts-Engineering Dual Degree Program with Dartmouth College's Thayer School of Engineering, Columbia University's School of Engineering and Applied Science, and Washington University's School of Engineering and Applied Science. The program consists of three years at Bates and a followed two years at the school of engineering resulting in a degree from Bates and the school of engineering.[13]

Teaching and learning

Entrance to Roger Williams Hall.

Students at Bates take a First-Year Seminar, which provides a template for the rest of the four years at Bates. The student selects a specific topic offered by the college, and works together in a small class with a scholar-in-field professor of that topic, to study and critically analyze the subject. All first-year seminars place importance on writing ability, and composition in order to facilitate the process of complex and fluid ideas being put down on paper. Seminars range from Constitutional analysis to mathematical theorizing. After three complete years at Bates, each student participates in a senior thesis or capstone that demonstrates expertise and overall knowledge of the Major, Minor or General Education Concentrations (GECs). The Senior Thesis is an intensive program that begins with the skills taught in the first-year program and concludes with a compiled thesis that stresses research and innovation.[90] Bates College has a 10:1 student-faculty ratio and the average class size is about fifteen students.[91] All members of the faculty are scholars who work to innovate their respective fields and 100% of tenured faculty possess the highest degree in their field.[92] Full-time professors at the college received average total compensation of $123,066, with salaries and benefits varying field to field and position to position, putting faculty pay in the top 17% of all public and private universities.[93] Members of the faculty also receive various benefits and amenities such as relocation expense waivers, housing rentals, research budgets, stipends, professional travel allocations, and publication grants.[94] The college also prioritizes student interaction with peers in the form of collaboration and self-directed course instruction.[95][96] Notable faculty include: U.S. Senator Porter H. Dale, economist Leonard Burman, philosopher David Kolb, and historian Margaret Creighton.

The Olin Concert Hall, houses keynotes, performances, and special debate tournaments.

Honors program

A feature of a Bates education is the Honors Program which includes an tutorial-based thesis modeled after the universities of Oxford and Cambridge.[97] The program consists of a senior thesis that is defended against a faculty panel. A faculty member must nominate the student for thesis candidacy by the conclusion of their junior year. Under the guidance of the nominating faculty member, the student declares his or her thesis(s) at the start of senior year and concludes it before his or her graduation. The thesis is subject to an oral examination, which is loosely based on defending a dissertation or oral argumentation. The oral examination committee includes a member of the faculty from a different department, and an examiner who specializes in the field of study the student is defending and is usually from another institution.[98]

Mount David Summit

The college holds the annual Mount David Summit which serves as a platform for students of all years to present undergraduate research, creative art, performance, and various other academic projects. Presentations at the summit include various dicispline-centered projects, themed panel discussions, films Q & A's, as well as other activities in the Lewiston area. The summit is sponsored by the Dean of the Faculty's Office, Student Research Program, and is attended by professors, researchers, scholars, and the President of the College.[99] Started in 2002, the summit is held in Pettengill Hall, and on April 1, 2016, held its 15th summit.[100][101]

Admissions

The college's class of 1932 stone work ahead of Coram Library.

For the class of 2019, the college admitted 1,208 students out of 5,636 applicants. Bates accepted 17.8% of regular applicants[102] and had a combined early decision admit rate of 21.4%.[88][103] In 2015, the college had a 3.8% acceptance rate for transfer students, with a 100% yield rate,[104] and a 1.6% acceptance rate for waitlisted students.[105] Admit rates for the college are scaled and vary on gender,[e] geography,[f] and race or ethnicity.[106] U.S. News & World Report classifies Bates as "most selective",[107] and The Princeton Review designated it with a "selectivity rating" of 96 out of 99.[108]

The average high school GPA was a unweighted 3.86 (out of 4.0), the average SAT Score was 2135 (715 Critical Reasoning, 711 Mathematics and 709 Writing), and the average ACT score was 32. Bates has a Test Optional Policy, which gives the applicant the choice to not send in their standardized test scores.[109] Bates' non-submitting students averaged only 0.05 points lower on their collegiate grade point average.[110] Select students are flown into the Lewiston area and stay on campus overnight to attend classes, interview and tour the campus.[111] International students are required to submit TOEFL scores or an approved equivalent to ensure their success at the college.[112] For students coming from English speaking schools abroad, such as the United Kingdom or Ireland, only A-Levels are accepted for credit transfer or optional admission consideration. If applying from an IB secondary school, students must submit a complete International Baccalaureate transcript with examination scores.[113]

Cost of attendance and financial aid

For the 2016-17 academic year, Bates charged a comprehensive price (tuition, room and board, and associated fees) of $66,550.[114] The college's tuition is the same for in-state and out-of-state students. Bates practices need-blind admission for students who are U.S. citizens, permanent residents, DACA status students, undocumented students, or who graduate from a high school within the United States, and meets all of demonstrated need for all admitted students, including admitted international students.[115] Bates offers specialized merit-based scholarships and awards, but no athletic scholarships are offered. Although Bates is often the most expensive school to attend in its athletic conference, the college covers 100% of financial need for students, and has an average financial package of $42,217. As of 2014, 44% of students utilize financial aid. Bates offers the Direct "+" Loan, Direct Student Loans, Pell Grants, Perkins Loan, Supplementary Educational Opportunity Grants (SEOG), and Work-Study Program.[116]

Demographics

For the class of 2019, the gender demographic of the college breaks down to 49% male and 51% female. 27% of U.S. students are students of color (domestic and international) and 13% of admitted students are first generation to college. The educational background for admitted students are mixed: 49% of students attended public schools and 51% attended private schools. About 90% of this incoming class (of those from schools that officially rank students) graduated in the top decile of their high school classes.[103][117] Bates has a 95% freshman retention rate. A significant portion of 45% of all applicants, transfer and non-transfer, are from New England.[88] About 89% of students are out-of-state, (all 50 states are represented), and the college has students from 73 countries.[118]

Rankings and reputation

University rankings
National
Forbes[119] 52
Liberal arts colleges
U.S. News & World Report[120] 25
Washington Monthly[121] 8

Bates is a member of the eight Little Ivies, and is known as one of the Hidden Ivies. In 2009, Newsweek described Bates as a "New Ivy", one of "a number of elite colleges and universities outside of the Ivy League".[122] It has been since conception and is still to this day one of the highest ranked and most selective universities in Maine.[123][124] Forbes ranked Bates 52nd in its 2016 national rankings of 660 U.S. colleges, universities and service academies, putting in the top 8% of institutions assessed. In 2015, Bates was ranked 8th among all liberal arts colleges in the country by the Washington Monthly, making it the top ranked college in New England. The peak position Bates has held on the Washington Monthly ranking was 6th in 2013.[125]

Princeton Review Rankings[91][126][126][127]
Best Value 4
Best Food 6
351 Colleges for Great Food 7
Academic Experience 12
Best Private Colleges (unranked) Green check.png
U.S. News World & Report Rankings[126]
Admissions Criteria and Selectivity 8
Forbes Financial Rankings[128]
Forbes Financial Grade A
Niche Rankings[129]
Overall Niche Grade A
Fulbright Rankings[130]
Fulbright National Ranking 3
Fulbright Top Producer Green check.png
NCSA Ranking[131]
Athletics 8
Kiplinger's Finance Rankings[132]
National Best Value 20
Alumni Ranker[133][134]
Graduate Salaries (in Maine) 1

In 2016, Niche, formerly College Prowler, graded Bates with an 'A+' for academics, 'A+' for campus food, 'A+' for technology, 'A' for administration, 'A-' for diversity, and an 'A' for campus quality.[135] As of 2015, Alumni Factor, which measures alumni success, ranks Bates first in Maine and among the top schools nationally.[133][134] In 2015, Bates produced 20 Bates students who received Fulbright fellowships, attaining the distinction of "Fulbright Top Producer", and subsequently breaking the college's previous record, and ranking Bates third in the United States.[130][136]

The college has been ranked as one of the best and most selective liberal arts colleges in the United States.[14][126][137][138][139][140] In 2016, U.S. News & World Report ranked Bates 8th in the nation for criteria in admissions and its selectivity.[126] The Fiske Guide to Colleges noted Bates as "highly selective and unconventional," later commenting that "Bates attracts many of the nation's brightest minds."[139] The college has been named as one of the "Best Valued Schools in the United States," by multiple media publications,[132][141][142][143] and in 2005, the college was ranked first for 'Best Value in the United States' by The Princeton Review.[144]

The academic program at the college has also been ranked among the best in the United States and abroad by The Princeton Review,[126] and The Fiske Guide to Colleges; being named the best or second best in the United States in the following majors: Environmental Science, History, and Phycology.[91][108] The college's faculty were placed second in the country for their in-field research in 2007.[145] The Peace Corps placed Bates 22nd, out of all liberal arts colleges, for international charity involvement.[146]

In 2003, The Wall Street Journal, put Bates in the top 15% of all colleges and universities in the United States in percentage of students entering the top five graduate programs in Business, Law, and Medicine.[140] The college selected 10 colleges as its peers, namely Amherst, Bowdoin, Carleton, Yale, Williams, Wellesley, Middlebury, Pomona, Swarthmore, and Wesleyan.[147]

Although Bates was founded as an egalitarian institution, the college has since garnered a reputation for predominately educating white students who come fromupper-middle-class to affluent backgrounds.[130] The college has come under criticism for lack of diversity and socioeconomic homogeneity.[148][149] As of 2015, white students, closely associated with the White Anglo-Saxon Protestant (WASP) demographic,[149] make up over 70 percent of the total student populate, while black students make up less than 5 percent both domestic and international.[88] Minorities at the college, typically classified as non-white and low income students, have noted selected practices and experiences at the college, such as: “self-segregating” into groups due to lack of commonality with the majority of the students, insensitive professors, financial insecurity, indirect racism and social elitism.[150][151] According to an article by The Bates Student entitled “Debunking the Middle Class Myth”, low income students are “the largest and least visible minorities” at the college and often felt isolated by their wealthier peers.[152] In the 2014-2015 academic year, more than half of the students at Bates paid full price for their education ($60,720 annually and $242, 880 in total).[88] The college’s cost of attendance was at one point the most expensive in the country and is now among the top ten.[153][154] Half of all students hail from New England with five out of seven students at the college coming from the Eastern United States.[88] In response to these issues, the college appointed diversity officers, tasked with increasing the well-being of minorities and continues to cover all of demonstrated financial need for students.[150]

Campus

Hedge Hall, named after Isaiah Hedge, referred to by students as the Hog in reference to a Hedge Hog and its structural resemblance to Hogwarts.

Bates is located in a former mill town, Lewiston, which has a large French Canadian ethnic presence due to migration from Quebec in the 19th century. The college is known for cultural strains with the town, townspeople describing Bates as a "leafy oasis of privilege."[155] The overall architectural design of the college can be traced through the Colonial Revival architecture movement, and has distinctive Neoclassical, Georgian, Colonial, and Gothic features. The earliest buildings of the college were directly designed by famed Boston architect Gridley J.F. Bryant, and subsequent buildings follow his overall architectural template. Colonial restoration influence can be seen in the architecture of certain buildings, however many of the off campus houses' architecture was heavily influenced by the Victorian era.[156] Many buildings on campus share design parallels with Dartmouth College, University of Cambridge, Yale University, and Harvard University.[16][157]

Bates has a 133-acre main campus and maintains the 600-acre Bates-Morse Mountain Conservation Area,[158] as well as an 80-acre Coastal Center fresh water habitat at Shortridge.[159] The eastern campus is situated around Lake Andrews, where many residential halls are located. The quad of the campus connects academic buildings, athletics arenas, and residential halls. Bates College houses over 1 million volumes of articles, papers, subscriptions, audio/video items and government articles among all three libraries and all academic buildings. The George and Helen Ladd Library houses 620,000 catalogued volumes, 2,500 serial subscriptions and 27,000 audio/video items.[88] Coram Library houses almost 200,000 volumes of articles, subscriptions and audio/video items.[160] Approximately 150,000 volumes of texts, papers, and alumnus work are housed within academic buildings.

The most notable items in the library's collection include, copies of the original Constitution of Maine, personal correspondence of James K. Polk and Hannibal Hamlin, original academic papers of Henry Clay, personal documents of Edmund Muskie, original printings of newspaper articles written by James G. Blaine, and selected collections of other prominent religious, political and economic figures, both in Maine, and the United States.[161][162]

The campus provides 33 Victorian Houses, 7 residential halls, and one residential village.[88] Two new residential dormitories are to be completed by the 2017 academic year, bringing the total to 9 residential halls.[163] The college maintains 12 academic buildings with Lane Hall serving as the administration building on campus. Lane Hall houses the offices of the President, Dean of the Faculty, Registrar, and Provost, among others.[164]

Olin Arts Center

Chase Hall, the student activity center, served as the dining hall until the construction of the Commons.

The Olin Arts Center maintains three teaching sound proof studios, five class rooms, five seminar rooms, ten practice rooms with pianos, and a 300-seat grand recital hall. It holds the college's Steinway concert grand piano, Disklavier, William Dowd harpsichord, and their 18th century replica forte piano. The studios are modernized with computers, synthesizers, and various recording equipment.[165] The center houses the departments of Art and Music, and was given to Bates by the F. W. Olin Foundation in 1986.[166] The center has had numerous Artists in Residence, such as Frank Glazer, and Leyla McCalla.[167][168] The Olin Arts Center has joined with the Maine Music Society, to produces musical performances throughout Maine. In 2007, they hosted an event that garnered 260 musicians music recital inspired by Johannes Brahms.[169]

Museum of Art

Founded in 1955, the Bates College Museum of Art (MoA) holds contemporary and historic pieces. In the 1930s, the college secured a private holding from the Museum of Modern Art of Vincent van Gogh's Starry Night, for students participating in the 'Bates Plan'.[96] It holds 5,000 pieces and objects of contemporary domestic and international art. The museum holds over 100 original artworks, photographs and sketches from Marsden Hartley.[170][171][172] The MoA offers numerous lectures, artist symposiums, and workshops. The entire space is split into three components, the larger Upper Gallery, smaller Lower Gallery, and the Synergy Gallery which is primarily used for student exhibits and research. Almost 20,000 visitors are attracted to the MoA annually.[173]

Bates-Morse Mountain Area

Main article: Bates-Morse Mountain

This conservation area of 600 acres is available to Bates students for academic, extracurricular, and research purposes. This area is mainly salt marshes and coastal uplands. The college participates in preserving the plants, animals and natural ecosystems within this area as a part of their Community-Engaged Learning Program. Due to overall size, the site is frequently used by other Maine schools such as Bowdoin College for their Nordic Skiing practices.[174][175]

Coastal Center at Shortridge

This coastal center owned by Bates College, provides various academic programs, lectures, extracurricular activities, and research endeavors for students. 80 acres of wetlands, and woodlands with a fresh water pond, are available to numerous science departments and programs at Bates. There are two buildings on the land, a conference building, which can accommodate 15 people overnight, and a laboratory structured with an art studio on the upper floor. This area is also home to the Shortridge Summer Residency Program which provides students, faculty and researchers to work and study on the coastal land of Shortridge during the summer. Science majors and faculty work on site-based issues such as coastal changes, sea level fluctuations and public policy.[176]

Student life

The college's dinning complex, the Commons.

The college's dining services have been featured on numerous national publications.[177] In 2015, the college's dining program was ranked 6th by The Princeton Review,[108] and 8th by Usatoday in the United States.[178] The college's dining services received the grade of 'A+' by Niche in 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, and 2016.[179] The college holds one main dining area and offers two floors of seating. The college also institutes 'The Napkin Board' where students may leave comments or suggestions written on napkins for the dining program and its staff.[179] All meals and catered events on campus are served by Bates Dining Services, which makes a concentrated effort to purchase foods from suppliers and producers within the state of Maine, like Oakhurst Dairy and others.[180] The Den, serves as an on-campus restaurant, and is open until 2 AM on weekdays.[181]

The college also holds an annual "Harvest Dinner" during Thanksgiving that features a school-wide dining experience including a New England buffet and live musical performances.[182][183] In 2015, shortly before the commencement of the Harvest Dinner, American rapper, T-Pain, performed.[184] Martin Luther King Day at Bates is celebrated annually with classes being canceled, and performances, events, keynote talks are held in observance. It is a day marked by keynotes from well known scholars who speak on the subjects of race, justice, and equality in America. In 2016, the college invited Jelani Cobb, to speak at the college on MLK Day.[185][186]

The college's resources allow the it to offer students 110 clubs and organizations on campus.[187] Among those is the competitive eating club, the Fat Cats, Ultimate Frisbee, and the Student Government.[187] The largest club is the Outing Club, which leads canoeing, kayaking, rafting, camping and backpacking trips throughout Maine. The Bates College Outing Club is one of the oldest in the country.[188][189] Although Bates has since conception, rejected fraternities and sororities,[53] there are three secret societies that are unaffiliated with the college and discouraged by its administration.

The Bates Student is the oldest coed college newspaper in the United States.

Student media

The Bates Student

Bates College's oldest operating newspaper is The Bates Student, created in 1873. It is one of the oldest continuously published college weeklies in the United States, and the oldest co-ed college weekly in the country. Alumni of the student media programs at Bates have won the Pulitzer Prize,[190] and have their later work featured on major news sources.[191][192] It circulates approximately 1,900 copies around the campus and Lewiston area. Since 1990, there has been an electronic version of the newspaper online.[193] The newspaper provides access free of charge to a searchable database of articles stretching back to its inception on its website.

WRBC

Main article: WRBC

WRBC is the college radio station of Bates College and was first aired in 1958. Originally started as an AM station at Bates, it began with the efforts of rhetoric professor and debate coach Brooks Quimby. It is ranked by The Princeton Review as the 12th best college radio station in the United States and Canada, making it the top college radio in the New England Small College Athletic Conference.[194]

A capella

There are four a cappella groups on campus. The Manic Optimists and the Deansmen are all-male, the Merminaders are all female and the coed group is known as TakeNote.[195] All groups have performed all over Maine and the Northeast.

Brooks Quimby Debate Council

Members of the Brooks Quimby Debate Council, named after Brooks Quimby, who served as a debate mentor to Robert F. Kennedy and Edmund Muskie.

Arguably the most prestigious student organization at Bates is the Brooks Quimby Debate Council, due to endowment allocation, relative participation rate, awards and historical significance.[196] The formation of the team predates the establishment of the college itself as the debate society was founded within the Maine State Seminary making it the oldest coeducational college debate society in the United States. It was headed by Bates alumnus and teacher Brooks Quimby and became the first intercollegiate international debate team in the United States.[67] The Quimby Debate Society has been noted as "America's most prestigious debating society,"[197] and the "playground of the powerful."[198] During the 1930s, the debate society was subject to 'The Quimby Institute' which pitted each and every debate student against Brooks Quimby himself. This is where he began to engage heated debate with them that stressed "flawless assertions" and resulted in every error made by the student to be carefully scrutinized and teased.[67] Bates has an annual and traditional debate with Oxford, Cambridge and Dartmouth College. When debating at or against Bowdoin College, there is a long-standing tradition of wrapping the winning student's academic scarf around the neck of Bowdoin's statue of a polar bear.[67] There were multiple instances of students dipping the academic scarf in gasoline and igniting it, charring the statue's neck.[199] It competes in the American Parliamentary Debate Association domestically, and competes in the World Universities Debating Championships, internationally. As of 2013, the debate council was ranked 5th, nationally.[200] In 2012, the debate team was ranked 9th in the world.[201]

Ivy growing on the side of Hathorn Hall, featuring respective classes' Ivy Stones, in celebration of the college's Ivy Day.

Traditions

Ivy Day

The class graduates participate in an Ivy Day which installs a granite placard onto one of the academic or residential buildings on campus. They serve as a symbol of the class and their respective history both academically and socially. Some classes donate to the college, in the form gates, facades, and door outlines, by inscribing or creating their own version of symbolic icons of the college's seal or other prominent insignia. This usually occurs on graduation day, but may occur on later dates with alumni returning to the campus. This tradition is shared with the University of Pennsylvania and Princeton University. On Ivy Day, members of Phi Beta Kappa are announced.[18][19]

Winter Carnival

The laying of the Ivy, 1920.

Nearly a century old, this tradition "celebrates cold and snowy weather, which is a trademark of fierce Maine winters".[20] The college has held, on odd to even years, a Winter Carnival which comprises a themed four-day event that includes performances, dances, and games. Past Winter Carnivals have included "a Swiss Olympic skier swooshing down Mount David", faculty and student football games, faculty and administration skits, oversized snow sculptures, "serenading of the dormitories", and an expeditions to Camden. When Edmund Muskie was a student at the college, he participated in a torch relay from Augusta to Lewiston in celebration of the 1960 Winter Olympics.[202] Robert F. Kennedy, with his naval classmates, built a replica of their boat back in Massachusetts out of snow in front of Smith Hall, during their carnival. This tradition is second only to Dartmouth College as the oldest of its kind in the United States.[67][203] Students are known to participate in what has been colloquially termed as the 'Dartmouth Challenge', which consists of alcohol related activities, closely related to that of parent ritual Newman Day, a tradition the college started in the 1970s.[50][204] The carnival has been hosted by the Bates Outing Club since its conception.[205]

Puddle Jump

On a day near Saint Patrick's Day, March 17, the Bates College Outing Club initiates the annual Puddle Jump. A hole is cut by a chainsaw or by the original axe used in the inaugural Puddle Jump of 1975, in Lake Andrews. Students from all class years jump into the hole, sometimes in costumes, to celebrate, "exuberance at the end of a hard winter." By mid-evening, they celebrate with donuts, cider and a cappella performances.[206]

Athletics

The college's official mascot is the bobcat, and official color is garnet. The college athletically competes in the NCAA Division III New England Small College Athletic Conference (NESCAC), which also includes Amherst, Connecticut, Hamilton, Middlebury, Trinity, Tufts, Wesleyan, Williams, and Maine rivals Bowdoin and Colby in the Colby-Bates-Bowdoin Consortium (CBB). This is one of the oldest football rivalries in the United States. This consortium is a series of historically highly competitive football games ending in the championship game between the three schools. Bates is currently the holder of the winning streak, and has the record for biggest victory in the athletic conference with a 51-0 shutout of Colby College. Overall the college leads the Colby-Bates-Bowdoin Consortium in wins. Bates has won this championship at total of eleven times including 2014, and in 2015, beat Bowdoin 31–0 after their 34–28 overtime home victory over Colby.[207]

According to U.S. Rowing, the Women's Rowing Team is ranked 1st in the New England Small College Athletic Conference, and 1st overall in NCAA Division III Rowing, as of 2016.[208] In the 2015 season, the women's rowing team was the most decorated rowing team in collegiate racing while also being the first to sweep every major rowing competition in its athletic conference in the history of NCAA Division III athletics. In 2015, the men's rowing team had the fastest ascension in rankings of any sport in its athletic conference and is currently the NESCAC Rowing Champion.[209] Bates has the 4th highest NESCAC title hold, is currently ranked 5th in its athletic conference and 15th in Division III athletics. As of 2016, the college has graduated a total of 11 olympians, one of whom won the Olympic Gold Medal rowing for Canada at the 2008 Beijing Olympics.[23] The all-time leader of the Chase Regatta is Bates with a total of 14 composite wins, followed by Colby's 5 wins, concluding with Bowdoin's 2 wins.

The ice hockey team is the first team to win the NESCAC Club Ice Hockey Championships four times in a row.[210] As of 2016, the men's club ice hockey team is ranked 5th in the Northeast, and 25th overall in the NESCHA rankings.[211] In the winter of 2008, the college's Nordic Skiing team sent students that were was the highest ranked skiers in the Eastern Intercollegiate Ski Association and placed 4th in the 2008 NCAA Division I Championship.[212] In April 2005, the college's athletic program was ranked top 5% of national athletics programs.[213] The Men's Squash Team won the national championships in 2015, and 2016, with the winning student being the first in the history of the athletic conference, to be named the All American all four years he played for the college.[214] The men's track field is the first team in the history of Maine to have seven consecutive wins of the state championship, a feat completed in 2016.[215]

Bates playing a lacrosse friendly against Williams College on Garcelon Field in 2016.

Bates maintains 31 varsity teams, and 9 club teams, including sailing, cycling, ice hockey, rugby, and water polo.[216] The college's sailing team is based at the Taylor Pond Yacht Club, in Auburn, Maine, sanctioned by the New England Intercollegiate Sailing Association, and competes internationally, with main competitors being Bowdoin, Tufts, and Massachusetts Institute of Technology.[217]

Athletic facilities

Bates has athletic facilities that include:

Sustainability

Bates has a wide range of tree species as a precaution against disease, and to diversify the ecosystem in their quad.

In 2005, President Elaine Tuttle Hansen stated, "Bates will purchase its entire electricity supply from renewable energy sources in Maine" and secured a new contract, adding a premium of $76,000 to their energy supply.[218] Bates College signed onto the American College and University President's Climate Commitment in 2007.[219] In April 2008, the college completed its dining complex named "The Commons"[220] at a cost of approximately $24 million,[221] designed by the Japanese architectural firm Sasaki Associates.[222] The complex is 60,000 square feet, certified LEED Silver, and features occupancy sensors, anti-HCFC refrigerants, natural ventilation, heat islands, and five separate dining areas with almost 70% of the walls being glass paneling.[223]

In 2009, the college was given its third $5,000 grant allocation by the Hobart Center for Foodservice Sustainability which cited Bates as "having the best sustainability program among numerous entrants nationwide, which included K-12 schools and higher educational institutions, healthcare and hospitality facilities."[224] In 2010, the college was named one of 15 colleges in the United States to the "Green Honor Roll", by Princeton Review.[225] Bates currently mitigates 99% of emissions via electrical consumption and purchases all of its energy from Maine Renewable Resources. The college expended $1.1 million of its endowment to install lighting retrofits, occupancy sensors, motor system replacements and energy generating mechanisms. Select buildings at the college are open 24/7, thus requiring extra energy, due to this the college has implemented technology that places buildings on "stand-by" mode while minimum occupancy is attained to preserve energy. The practice is set to reduce the college's overall emissions levels by 5 to 10 percent. Overall, the academic buildings and residential halls are equipped with daylighting techniques, motion sensors, and efficient heating systems. Bates expended $1.5 million to implement a central plant that provides steam for heating for up to 80% of all on-campus establishments. The central plant is equipped with a modernized biomass systems and a miniature back-pressure steam turbine which reduces campus electricity consumption by 5%. The college also installed a $2.7 million 900kW hyper-roterized turbine that accounts for nearly one tenth of the campus' entire energy consumption.[226] Bates was the first food-service operation in higher education to join the Green Restaurant Association. In 2013, the environmental practices of the college's dining services were placed along with Harvard University, and Northeastern University, as the best in the United States by the Green Restaurant Association;[227] it earned three out of three stars, the only educational institution in Maine to do so.[228]

Bates maintains numerous environmental clubs and initiative such as Green Certification, which recognizes students who commit to sustainable policies and practices,[229] Green Bike, which offers students access to bicycles for use on and off campus for free,[230] and the Bates Action Energy Movement in which students participate in "both on-campus and nationwide environmental events and engage students with discussions on climate change and other pressing ecological crises."[231] The Bates College Museum of Art, offers programs such as the Green Horizons Program that showcase environmentalism in art, society, and culture.[232]

The United States Environmental Protection Agency honored Bates as a member of the Green Power Leadership Club due to the fact that 96% of energy used on campus is from renewable resources.[233] All newly developed buildings and facilities are built to LEED Silver and Gold standards.[234] The college is set to achieve complete carbon neutrality by 2020, as a result of campus-wide conservation efforts and specific initiatives in its implementation plan.[226] As of 2016, Bates is completing two new LEED Silver standard-based residential buildings, housing 200+ students as a part of their Campus Life Project.[235]

Notable alumni

Bates alumni have included leaders in science, religion, politics, the Peace Corps, medicine, law, education, communications, and business; and acclaimed actors, architects, artists, astronauts, engineers, human rights activists, inventors, musicians, philanthropists, and writers. As of 2015, there are 24,000 Bates College Alumni.[236] In 2016, two Bates alumni were featured on the Forbes' 30 Under 30 list.[237]

Business and finance

Alumni of Bates have yielded considerable influence in the worlds of business and finance. In 1860 the college graduated Albert Newman, who would go on to establish the largest dry goods cooperation in the history of Kansas, Newman's Dry Goods Company. Three years later in 1863 the college graduated media magnate Daniel Collamore Heath who founded D. C. Heath and Company, which later became one of the first educational publishing firms in the United States, Houghton Mifflin. Bates has graduated various notable C-Level executives including the Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of General Mills, Robert Kinney (1938),[238] Executive Chairman of Hannaford Brothers James Moody (1953),[239] CEO of AIM Broadcasting John Douglas (1860),[240] CEO of Central National Gottesman James Wallach (1964),[241] CEO of Playtex Rick Powers (1967), Chief Financial Officer (CFO) & Chief Operating Officer (COO) of Merrill Lynch Joseph Willit (1973),[242] CEO of Cedar Gate Technologies David Snow (1976),[243] CEO of Cubist Pharmaceuticals who produced the most profitable launch of an antibiotic in the history of the United States Michael Bonney (1980),[244] Vice-President of Microsoft Rick Thompson (1980),[245] Chief Marketing Officer (CMO) of L.L.Bean Stephen Fuller (1982),[246] President of the National Bank of Canada Louis Vachon (1983),[247] CEO of Japonica Partners Paul Kazarian (1978)[248] and Group Publisher of the Harvard Business Review Group Joshua Macht (1991).[249]

Politics, military and legal studies

The alumni of Bates have also made a sizable impact in the worlds of government, military and law. Edmund Muskie graduated from the college in 1936, and subsequently became a State Representative, Governor of Maine, a U.S. Senator, and eventually the 58th United States Secretary of State. He ran with Hubert Humphrey in the 1968 Presidential Election against Richard Nixon and lost by a margin of less than 1%.[250] Robert F. Kennedy came to Bates in pursuit of the college's V-12 program and received a V-12 degree in 1944, subsequently becoming the United States Attorney General.[251][252] The college has graduated United States Representatives John Swasey (1859), Carroll Beedy (1903), Charles Clason (1911), Donald Partridge (1914), Frank Coffin (1940), Leo Ryan (1943), and in 1974 graduated the current Chairman of the Judiciary Committee Bob Goodlatte.[253]

During the American Civil War, Bates graduated many notable soldiers, commanders, and infantrymen. In 1862, the college graduated Holman Melcher,[254] who would go on to lead the defense of Little Round Top in the Battle of Gettysburg, become Mayor of Portland and famously be promoted to three different ranks during the Battle of Spotsylvania Court House alone, being designated Brevet Major at its conclusion.[255] The college also graduated Medal of Honor recipients Frederick Hayes (1861), Josiah Chase (1861), Joseph F. Warren (1862), the oldest surviving Civil War General Aaron Daggett (1860), and the infamous Ku Klux Klan suppressor James Porter (1863);[256] for his service in the Korean War Lewis Millet (1943) also received the Medal of Honor.[257]

Bates graduated the first executive appointment by U.S. President Benjamin Harris and 2nd U.S. Minister to Columbia John Abbot in 1871, and in 1897 graduated the first Governor of Maine to be elected by a direct primary Carl Milliken. In 1884, Bates graduated the first female lawyer in Montana, first female candidate for Montana Attorney General and the first women to argue in front of the U.S. Supreme Court Ella Haskell. Prince Somayou of the Bassa tribe of West Africa Louis Penick Clinton graduated from the college in 1897. Civil rights leader, the 6th president of Morehouse College and personal mentor to Martin Luther King, Benjamin Mays graduated in 1920; he is the namesake of the college's Benjamin Mays Center.[258]

Bates has had a notable impact on the Maine Supreme Court in such that it has graduated three Chief Justices, Vincent McKusick (1943),[259] Albert Spear (1875), Scott Wilson (1892) and five Associate Justices, Enoch Foster (1860), Randolph Weatherbee (1932), David Nichols (1942), Louis Scolnick (1945), and Morton Brody (1955).

Academia and administration

The college has graduated many prominent members of academia and its administration. Ransom Dunn, class of 1840, became the first president of Hillsdale College and the fourth president of Rio Grande College. Founder of Harvard-Westlake School Grenville Emery graduated in 1868. Other notable administrators in academia include: President of University of Connecticut George Flint (1871), President of University of Colorado James Baker (1873), President of Rhode Island College and Johnson State College Walter Ranger (1879), President of Nichols College Gordon Cross (1931), President of Skidmore College Val Wilson (1938), President of Babson College William Rankin Dill (1951), Founder and President of Christendom College Warren Carroll (1953), President of Shaw University and Morgan State University King Virgil Cheek (1959). Robert Witt, graduated in 1962, served as the president of the University of Texas at Arlington, the University of Alabama, subsequently reaching the highest academic position of higher education in Alabama, the Chancellor of the University of Alabama System. Academic Richard Gelles (1968), is the current Dean of University of Pennsylvania's School of Social Policy and Practice. Economist Scott Bierman (1977), was elected the president of Beloit College in 2009. Valerie Smith (1975), Dean of the College at Princeton, was elected the third female and the first African American president of Swarthmore College.[260]

Arts and literature

Many Batesies have gone on to notable careers in the arts and literature. The first women to graduate from a New England college, Mary Mitchell (1869), became the Chair of English at Vassar College. Emmy Award winning 15-year host of The Today Show, Bryant Gumbel graduated in 1970. Other notable writers and novelists include: Pulitzer and Emmy Award winning author Elizabeth Strout (1977), and New York Times bestselling author Lisa Genova (1983).[261] The current Editor-in-Chief of The Boston Globe, Brian McGrory graduated in 1984. Notable members of film and media include, Baywatch actor David Chokachi (1990), and Cannes Film Festival-winning filmmaker Daniel Stedman (2001).

Mathematics and sciences

Although a smaller school, the alumni of Bates have made a sizable impact in the world of mathematics and sciences. Frank Haven Hall graduated from the college in 1862, known as the "father of Braille", and is contested as the inventor of the first typewriter in the United States along with Christopher Latham Sholes. His inventions in Braille typewriters have been hailed as "the most innovative development of communications for the blind in the 19th century", and is known for his encounter with Hellen Keller at the Chicago World Fair.[50][262][263] Another prominent inventor is Steven Girvin, class of 1964, who invented the fractional quantum Hall effect.[264] Other notable scientists and mathematicians include: John Irwin Hutchinson (1889) who wrote Differential and Integral Calculus (1902) and the Elementary Treatise on the Calculus (1912),[265] biologist Herbert Walter (1892) who wrote the 1913 biology reflective series The Human Skeleton, Manhattan project scientists Frances Carroll (1939) and John Googin (1944), president of National Medical Association John Kenney (1942), chemist George Hammond graduated in 1943, he was member of the National Academy of Sciences, served as the executive chairman of the Allied Chemical Corporation for ten years and is known as the inventor of Hammond's postulate.[266]

Athletics

Alumni and associates of the college have also contributed to the world of athletics, sports management and professional sponsorships. Founding member of the Boston Red Sox, Harry Lord graduated in 1908, and played the very first baseball of the Red Sox two years after his graduation in 1911.[267][268] In 1927, the college graduated another member of the Red Sox, Charles Small, who pitched for the team for ten years.

Frank Keaney graduated in 1911, and is credited as the inventor of baseball's fast break. Overall the college has graduated 11 Olympians, including: Emily Bamford, Hayley Johnson, Justin Freeman, Mike Ferry, Nancy Fiddler, Arnold Adams, Art Sager, Ray Buker, Harlan Holden, and Vaughn Blanchard. Andrew Byrnes, class of 2005, won the Olympic Gold Medal Rowing for the Canadian National Team.[269]

Alma mater

The college has many school songs; the college's Alma Mater was written by Irving Blake in 1911.[270]

Here's to Bates, our Alma Mater dear, Proudest and fairest of her peers;

We pledge to her our loyalty, Our faith and our honor thru the years.

Long may her praises resound. Long may her sons exalt her name.

May her glory shine while time endures, Here's to our Alma Mater's fame.

Administration

President

Bates College is governed by its central administration, headquartered in and metonymically known as Lane Hall. The first president of the college was its founder, Oren Burbank Cheney and its current president is Clayton Spencer, who took office Friday, Oct. 26, 2012. Her installation drew 2,500 students, faculty, alumni, and distinguished members of the American collegiate educational system to Lewiston, Maine.[271] She was previously a Dean at Harvard University reporting to the college's president. There have been eight presidents of Bates College, and one interim president.[272] The president is ex officio a member and President of the Board of Trustees, Chief Executive Officer of the corporation, and principal academic of the college.[273] As of 2016, there are ten members of the executive leadership team since the beginning of the Spencer Administration in 2012.[274]

Board of Trustees

There are currently 37 members on the Bates College Board of Trustees. The college's Board of Fellows and Board of Overseers combined to create a united Board of Trustees featuring alumni, and accomplished members of society associated with Bates. The current Chairman of the Board is 1980 alumnus and former CEO of Cubist Pharmaceuticals, Michael Bonney. The Board of Trustees combined with the office of the presidency create the Bates College Corporation, the highest level of authority for the college and its extended domains.

Endowment and fundraising

According to NACUBO's "U.S. and Canadian Institutions Endowment Value Listing", the college's endowment as of the 2015 fiscal year is $261.5 million.[3] This reflects a 4.4% decrease from the market value of the previous year's endowment of $263.8 million. In 2015, overall giving to Bates through donations and gifts totaled at 21.5 million USD.[275] As of the 2016 fiscal year, the college received $28.2 million in overall donations demonstrating a 134% increase in giving since 2013, and breaking the previous 2006 record of $24.8 million. Approximately $13 million will be allocated directly to the endowment.[276] Although the college's endowment has seen increased growth and market value, its considered high in its market but low among its peers; this increases the college's fee dependency and overall sticker price, which at one point was the most expensive in the country.[277][278] In February 2016, a gift of $19 million was given to Bates in support of new academic programs.[279] Michael Bonney and his wife, Alison Grott Bonney gave $10 million, the largest donation by a single party in the history of Bates.[280][281] The largest capital campaign of the college, was under President Elaine Hansen and totaled $120 million in fundraising.[282]

In 2014, members of the student advocacy group, Bates Energy Action Movement (BEAM), requested that the college divest from 200 companies that held the largest fossil fuel reserves.[283][284] In response the college asserted that the Board of trustees had a fiduciary responsibility to the growth of the endowment and declined to specifically divest from the companies.[285] However, in accordance with the student's request the college did disclose its full investment strategy, and commented on the long term implications of divestment by saying:

Were we to guarantee a fossil fuel free endowment more broadly than the 200 companies, greater than half of the endowment would need to be liquidated. In either scenario, the transition would result in significant transaction costs, a long-term decrease in the endowment’s performance, an increase in the endowment’s risk profile, and thus a loss in annual operating income for the college.[286]

In fiction and literature

Throughout its history, the College has been notably featured in literature, artistic works and overall popular culture.

  • The Sopranos (S1, E5): In the episode entitled, "College", Tony Soprano takes his daughter, Meadow on a trip to Maine to visit colleges that she is considering. They first visit Bates, while walking past the college's chapel she states, "[Bates College has] a 48-to-52 male-female ratio, which is great, strong liberal arts program and this cool olin arts center for music."[287] She later mentions the college's sexual atmosphere.[288]
  • Ally McBeal (S1, E2): In the episode "Compromising Positions" it is reveled that Ally McBeal's brother is a fictional alumni of Bates. Later in the episode Ally meets her first love interest of the series, Ronald, who is another fictional alumni of the college and was roommates with her brother.[289][290]
  • The Letter (2003): Selected portions of the movie were filmed on or directly on the side of the college's campus.[291]
  • 11.22.63 (novel) (2011): The protagonist of the Stephen King novel, Jacob Epping, is a fictional alumni of Bates.[292]
  • The Simpsons (S27, E8):[293] In the episode entitled, "Paths of Glory", it is suggested to Lisa Simpson that she transfers to Bates.[294][295]
  • 11.22.63 (S1, E5): In the episode entitled, "The Truth", Maine time-traveler Jake Epping (played by James Franco) tells his sweetheart that he went to Bates.[296]

In media

  • On April 20, 1987, actor Paul Newman wrote to President Reynolds to register his disapproval of one of the student's traditions called Newman Day.[297] The incident received widespread media coverage due to Newman's public disappointment with the tradition and the response of the college.[298][299]
  • Dave Matthews referred to a concert he performed at Bates in 1995 on the Charlie Rose Show, claiming that the concert "at this little college in Maine" sparked his career.[300]
  • On July 17, 2006, Sports Illustrated profiled a tradition conceived by the students of Bates in an article entitled, "With This Ring, I Bust Thy Chops."[301]
  • Bates has been subject to widespread media attention as one of the most expensive colleges in the United States and in June 2011, was ranked the most expensive in the United States.[153][277][302] A statement was released by Lane Hall a month later stating, "while it's expensive to provide a Bates education — a highly personalized, academically rigorous experience in a residential environment — the college strives to do so at the lowest price consistent with that level of quality," later adding that "[Bates] takes a ‘comprehensive fee’ approach — presenting families our true overall charges in one clear total — we lead that list, followed immediately by four other schools that do likewise."[303]

See also

References

Citations

  1. ^ Britannica
  2. ^ Bates College
  3. ^ a b "U.S. and Canadian Institutions Listed by Fiscal Year (FY) 2015 Endowment Market Value and Change in Endowment Market Value from FY2014 to FY2015" (PDF). NACUBO. 2015. 
  4. ^ Bates appoints Leigh Weisenburger as Dean of Admission and Financial Aid | News | Bates College
  5. ^ Joshua G. McIntosh | Student Affairs | Bates College
  6. ^ ‘Your job is to discover and learn,’ Convocation speaker Matt Auer tells Class of 2018 | News | Bates College
  7. ^ a b "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on August 24, 2015. Retrieved December 13, 2015. 
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  9. ^ "Pronunciation of Bates : How to pronounce Bates". Retrieved 2016-02-26. 
  10. ^ "Bates College is listed under "Most Selective" category". US News and World Report. 2007. Archived from the original on October 11, 2007. 
  11. ^ a b "Bates College | Best College | US News". colleges.usnews.rankingsandreviews.com. Retrieved 2016-06-16. Bates College [is] the first coeducational college in New England. 
  12. ^ a b "Bates College". Forbes. Retrieved 2016-06-16. [Bates College] was the first coeducational college in New England. 
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  14. ^ a b "College Guide Rankings 2015 – Liberal Arts Colleges". Washington Monthly. Retrieved 2016-06-16. 
  15. ^ "Bates College - Best College - US News". colleges.usnews.rankingsandreviews.com. Retrieved 2016-06-16. Ranked 25th in the United States and categorizes as "most selective" 
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  29. ^ "The story of the life and work of Oren B. Cheney, founder and first president of Bates college". archive.org. Retrieved 2016-01-10. 
  30. ^ Johnnett, R. F. (1878). Bates Student: A Monthly Magazine. Edmund Muskie Archives, Bates College, Lewiston, Maine: Bates College. pp. Multi–source; pp. 30. ...the bell tower flickered in flames while the children ran from its pillar-brick walls...screams awoke the night... 
  31. ^ Cheney, Cheney, Emeline Stanley Aldrich Burlingame (1907). The Story of the life and work of Oren B. Cheney, founder and first president of Bates College. Ladd Library, Bates College, Lewiston, Maine: Boston, Mass., Pub. for Bates college by the Morning star publishing house. p. 24. ..Parsonfield Seminary burned down inexplicably... 
  32. ^ "The story of the life and work of Oren B. Cheney, founder and first president of Bates college". archive.org. Retrieved 2016-01-11. 
  33. ^ Chase, Harry. Bates College was named after Mansfield Man. Edmund Muskie Archives: National Resources Trust of Mansfield. p. 5. 
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  35. ^ "Chapter 3 | 150 Years | Bates College". www.bates.edu. Retrieved 2016-02-08. 
  36. ^ "National Register of Historic Places Registration Form: Frye Street Historical District" (PDF). 
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  39. ^ "The story of the life and work of Oren B. Cheney, founder and first president of Bates college". archive.org. Retrieved 2016-01-10. 
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  41. ^ Larson, Timothy (2005). "Faith by Their Works: The Progressive Tradition at Bates College from 1855 to 1877,". Edmund S. Muskie Archives and Special Collections, Lewiston, Maine: Bates College. pp. Multi–source. 
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  46. ^ Stuan, Thomas (2006). The Architecture of Bates College. Ladd Library, Bates College, Lewiston, Maine: Bates College. p. 23. In reference to Lane Hall's seal atop its header: "a stag denoting what was commonly referred to as the impact of ones environment, specifically nature, in Maine.. impact of Maine's nature on the person, a single of grain..fruits of ones labour in such an environment" - "An open book, effortlessly situated, restating the college's motto, and fulfilling the notions of academic excellence and devoted study... academic excellence and devotion" - "An oil lamp, representing the college's clear convictions, a moral clarity, in time of uncertain constraints, it lighted the way to a more prosperous time... unwavering clarity in times of uncertainty." 
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Further reading

  • Alfred, Williams Anthony. Bates College and Its Background. (1936) Online Deposit.
  • Stuan, Thomas. The Architecture of Bates College. (2006)
  • Chase, Harry. Bates College was named after Mansfield Man. (1878)
  • Woz, Markus. Bates College – Traditionally Unconventional. (2002)
  • Bates College Archives. Bates College Catalog. (1956–2017). 2017 Catalog.
  • Bates College Archives. Maine State Seminary Records. Online Deposit.
  • Bates College Archives. Bates College Oral History Project. Online Deposit.
  • Clark, Charles E. Bates Through the Years: an Illustrated History. (2005)
  • Smith, Dana. Bates College – U. S. Navy V-12 Program Collection. (1943) Online Deposit.
  • Eaton, Mabel. General Catalogue of Bates College and Cobb Divinity School. (1930)
  • Larson, Timothy. Faith by Their Works: The Progressive Tradition at Bates College. (2005)
  • Calhoun, Charles C. A Small College in Maine. p. 163. (1993)
  • Johnnett, R. F. Bates Student: A Monthly Magazine. (1878)
  • Phillips, F. Charles Bates College in Maine: Enduring Strength and Scholarship. Issue 245. (1952)
  • Dormin J. Ettrude, Edith M. Phelps, Julia Emily Johnsen. French Occupation of the Ruhr: Bates College Versus Oxford Union Society of Oxford College. (1923)
  • The Bates Student. The Voice of Bates College. (1873–2017)
  • Emeline Cheney; Burlingame, Aldrich. The story of the life and work of Oren Burbank Cheney, founder and first president of Bates College. (1907) Online Version.

Notes

  1. ^ Although most sources signify 1855 as the official year of founding, historians have asserted that the technical founding of the institution was in 1832. Bates was established directly of off the Maine State Seminary which was founded in 1854. The Maine State Seminary was established directly off the Parsonsfield Seminary which was founded in 1832.[1] The Maine State Seminary originally absorbed Parsonsfield and moved from North Parsonsfield to Lewiston, thus giving the college a technical "founding date" of 1832. Similar cases may be found in Princeton's, Columbia's, and Yale's founding. Oren Burbank Cheney re-established the school's academic program upon his return and was Parsonsfield's first principle, and acted in the capacity throughout his later colligate career and early political career. It is believed that he along with John Buzzel would be credited as its founders. Historians have questioned the technical meaning of "founding", asserting that it could be when the Trustees of the College first convened, or when the charter was granted or when the college was operational or when the idea of the college was first released publicly or when the "physical entity" of the college was established. Select historians have claimed that, if the "physical entity" of the college is considered its founding then Bates could claim a founding date as far back as 1799 with John Buzzel publicly garnering capital for the expansion of his private residence to be renovated into a "religious school". The majority of official accounts issued by the school note March 16, 1855 as its founding date with Oren Burbank Cheney as its founder.[2]
  2. ^ Incorporated as and legally known as the President and Trustees of Bates College. Prior to 1864, the college's liberal arts, preparatory, and theological schools were collectively known as the Maine State Seminary.
  3. ^ Students may choose, after three years, to switch to Dartmouth or Columbia to complete the final two years of their engineering program, to receive a degree from Bates and the school of engineering.
  4. ^ Parsonsfield Seminary burned mysteriously in 1853, at midnight. The overall account of the burning remains unclear with sources varying on the actual occurrences. When recounting its burning, Oren Burbank Cheney, stated, "the bell tower flickered in flames while the children ran from its pillar-brick walls.." The fire was believed to have killed three school children, and two fugitive slaves, leading to a brief and unsuccessful investigation.
  5. ^ Non-hispanic white students of any gender applying from New England regular decision had an acceptance rate of 10.2%. Students of any race or ethnicity and gender coming from the Southwest and South had a slightly higher acceptance rates of 16.3%, and 21.2%.
  6. ^ Domestically, an admit rate of 45% to 55% would given to a first generation low-income female hispanic student applying from California. To contextualize, only four students were accepted from Nevada, four from New Mexico, four from Louisiana, and one student from Wyoming garnering a respective scaled admit rate of 10% and a regular admit rate of 19.3%. Internationally, an admit rate of less than 5% would be given to a female student from China.

External links