Batesburg-Leesville, South Carolina

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Batesburg-Leesville, South Carolina
Nicknames: 
B-L, The Twin Cities
Location of Batesburg-Leesville within South Carolina.
Location of Batesburg-Leesville within South Carolina.
Coordinates: 33°55′N 81°33′W / 33.917°N 81.550°W / 33.917; -81.550Coordinates: 33°55′N 81°33′W / 33.917°N 81.550°W / 33.917; -81.550
CountryUnited States
StateSouth Carolina
CountiesLexington, Saluda
Government
 • MayorLancer Shull
Area
 • Total7.4 sq mi (19.2 km2)
 • Land7.3 sq mi (19 km2)
 • Water0.1 sq mi (0.2 km2)
Elevation
643 ft (196 m)
Population
 (2000)
 • Total5,517
 • Density752/sq mi (290.2/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
ZIP codes
29006, 29070
Area code(s)803
FIPS code45-04300[1]
GNIS feature ID1692657[2]
Websitehttp://www.batesburg-leesville.org

Batesburg-Leesville is a town in Lexington and Saluda counties, South Carolina United States. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the town's population was 5,448 in 2016,[3] up from 5,362 at the 2010 census.

History[edit]

The town of Batesburg-Leesville was formed in 1992 by the consolidation of the towns of Batesburg and Leesville.[citation needed] The last mayor of Batesburg and the first mayor of Batesburg-Leesville was Elza S. "Sandy" Spradley, Jr.

Hartley House (1830) located on U.S. Highway One across from the old Batesburg Graded School

The D. D. D. Barr House, Batesburg Commercial Historic District, Simon Bouknight House, Cartledge House, Cedar Grove Lutheran Church, Church Street Historic District, Broadus Edwards House, Hampton Hendrix Office, Hartley House, Henry Franklin Hendrix House, Thomas Galbraith Herbert House, J.B. Holman House, A.C. Jones House, Leesville College Historic District, Crowell Mitchell House, McKendree Mitchell House, Mitchell-Shealy House, Old Batesburg Grade School, John Jacob Rawl House, Rawl-Couch House, Southern Railway Depot, and Rev. Frank Yarborough House are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[4][5]

Batesburg's Southern Railway Depot (1900) now located in the Wilson Street Park

In February 1946, a black American soldier, Sergeant Isaac Woodard, was attacked by the local police chief, Linwood Shull. The assault left Woodard blind. Shull was never punished. The attack was the subject of an Orson Welles radio commentary a few months later.[6][7]

In early 2018, the Town of Batesburg-Leesville, along with Town Attorney Christian Spradley, Police Chief W. Wallace Oswald, and Mayor Lancer Shull (no relation to Linwood Shull[citation needed]), reopened the Woodard case to consider dismissing the 1946 charges. During a regular term of municipal court on June 5, 2018, the Woodard case was reopened and the charges were dismissed[citation needed] by Town Judge Robert Cook. A permanent historic plaque now stands on the corner of West Church Street and Fulmer Street in old Batesburg commemorating the civil rights incident at the site of the original police station.[8]

Leesville United Methodist Church (1909) on U.S. Highway One
Former Batesburg Graded School (1912) on U.S. Highway One
Barr-Price Funeral Home (1909) - Part of the Leesville College Historic District

Law and government[edit]

Batesburg-Leesville is served by a council-manager style government. The town employs approximate 60 full-time employees, and 35 volunteer firefighters. The town will operate from a $7.4 million budget in Fiscal Year 2018-2019.[9]

Mayor[edit]

Batesburg-Leesville's Mayor is Lancer Shull.[10]

Town Council[edit]

The town council[10] comprises eight elected council persons representing single-member districts. The current council members are:

  • District 1: Cynthia Etheredge
  • District 2: Olin Gambrell
  • District 3: Steve Cain
  • District 4: Charles Simpkins
  • District 5: Shirley E. Mitchell
  • District 6: Susan Whittle
  • District 7: Jason Prouse
  • District 8: Magen Hallman

Administration[edit]

William Theodore "Ted" Luckadoo is the town manager and oversees the day-to-day administrative functions of the town. Ted was named the third town manager of consolidated Batesburg-Leesville in 2014. Seth Duncan was hired in 2014 to serve as the assistant town manager.

Fire Department[edit]

The Batesburg-Leesville Fire Department[11] consists of two stations, five career staff members and 36 volunteer firefighters as of January 2019. The two stations are located in each of the historic business districts and represent their origins as they are still identified as the Batesburg station and the Leesville station. The department boasts an Insurance Services Office Class 3/3B rating.

  • Fire Chief: Jay Hendrix
  • Assistant Chief: Shane Summer
  • Assistant Chief: John Gall
  • Captain: Bobby Hallman
  • Lieutenant: Chris Hallman
  • Lieutenant: Dustin Crapps
  • Training Officers: Jason Herbert and Davey Taylor

Economy[edit]

Historic Leesville Business District - Main Street
Historic Batesburg Business District - Oak Street

Top employers[edit]

The top employer in Batesburg-Leesville is Lexington County School District Three with four different schools and a district office. The next is Ansaldo STS, which has a 184,000-square-foot (17,100 m2) manufacturing facility.

Poultry industry[edit]

The town's economic dependence on poultry harvesting is apparent due to the presence of two large processing plants: Amick Farms and Columbia Farms. These assist in making Lexington County the top poultry producer in the state.

Poultry Festival[edit]

The South Carolina Poultry Festival (formerly the Ridge Poultry Festival) has been on the second Saturday in May since 1987. The festival features live music, food vendors, craft vendors, a carnival, a parade, and to conclude the event, a cake auction and fireworks show.

Education[edit]

Public schools[edit]

The public school system in Batesburg-Leesville is administered by Lexington County School District Three, which consists of:

  • Batesburg-Leesville Primary School (grades K-2)
  • Batesburg-Leesville Elementary School (grades 3-5)
  • Batesburg-Leesville Middle School (grades 6-8)
  • Batesburg-Leesville High School (grades 9-12)

All sports teams associated with School District Three use a panther as their mascot. The Panthers' colors are purple, gold, and blue.

Historic public schools[edit]

The Batesburg-Leesville Primary School opened in 1984. At that time the district began operating just four schools, as they consolidated smaller, older schools into the new school. Historical schools which closed in 1984 included Hampton Elementary School (1954), Utopia Elementary School (1953), Leesville Elementary School and Batesburg Primary School.

The Batesburg-Leesville Elementary School opened 1996 and replaced the Old Batesburg Grade School [1] which now serves as the Lexington School District Three Administrative Office.

The Batesburg-Leesville Middle School opened in 1999. This led to the closing of the old middle school campus which had originally been built as Batesburg-Leesville High School in 1921 with numerous additions through the years.

The Batesburg-Leesville High School opened in 1975.

Prior to racial integration statewide, the local African-American students attended Twin-City High School and Hampton School. Twin-City High School was located on Maple Street in Batesburg where the Twin-City High School Park is now located. The park is owned by the Twin-City Alumni Association. The original two-story wooden Hampton School (1922) was replaced in 1954 by a single story brick structure on South Lee Street in Leesville. The original wooden building was subsequently torn down, but a marker remains under a large tree in the parking lot of Friendship Baptist Church on South Lee Street. Other "colored" schools included Leesville Colored Primary School and Batesburg-Saluda Colored School.

There were other older schools which had closed previously to include Delmar School which was located a few miles outside of town. View the Delmar School historical marker at [2]. More photographs of these old school buildings may be seen at SC School Insurance Photos 1935-50.

Private schools[edit]

W. Wyman King Academy and the Ridge Christian School are both private, nondenominational Christian schools accepting students in grades K-12.

Colleges and universities[edit]

In 2008, Midlands Technical College opened a new Batesburg-Leesville satellite campus in the Leesville Historic District. The campus is within the boundaries of the Leesville College Park at the intersection of Main Street and College Street.

The City of Columbia, S.C., approximately 30 miles away, features numerous four-year colleges and universities, including the University of South Carolina, as well as such private institutions as Columbia College (South Carolina), Benedict College, Columbia International University, and Allen University. The University of South Carolina Aiken is another four-year public university located about 30 miles to the west in Aiken, South Carolina. Newberry College is a four-year private college located about 30 miles to the north in Newberry, South Carolina.

Additionally, Midlands Technical College has numerous two-year campuses within Lexington and Richland counties in addition to the Batesburg-Leesville location. Piedmont Technical College is another two-year college located in nearby towns of Saluda, South Carolina and Newberry, South Carolina.

Historic colleges[edit]

Leesville College Park and old classroom building, summer 2018
  • Leesville College, 1890-1911, originally called the Leesville English and Classical Institute (1881-1890). The Haynes Auditorium (built 1883) in the Leesville College Historic District at the intersection of Main Street and College Street was the original classroom building. Two neighboring houses were the college President's House and Dormitory. The two homes were a single building during the college days and known as Salisto Hall (a modifier combining the name of two neighboring rivers, Saluda and Edisto). The school was said to have been the first in the state to include practical and technical training in its curriculum, to have a girls' basketball team, to teach tennis and to teach higher mathematics to females. A.B. degrees were granted after four years of Latin, two years of French or German, mathematics, natural science, history, English, philosophy, and Greek. A Master's Degree was offered for a year of post-graduate work. There were departments of music, arts, commercial law, bookkeeping, typing, and one devoted to the Pitman system of shorthand.[12]
  • Summerland College, 1912-30. Originally known as Summerland Resort, this property was converted to an all-female college of the Lutheran Church in 1912. It was located on the site of the current Batesburg-Leesville High School. It was closed after the 1930 school year and then consolidated with the all-male Newberry College.

Media[edit]

Newspapers[edit]

Batesburg-Leesville is served weekly by The Twin-City News, which specifically focuses on local news, as well as that from immediately surrounding areas (mostly Gilbert and Monetta). It minimizes national or world news. The Twin-City News was established in 1925 and is Batesburg-Leesville's oldest continuously-operating business.

The town is also served by The State newspaper, which circulates amid most of the state.

In 2007, Lexington County Chronicle and The Dispatch-News began appearing at town stores and business to complement their subscribers in the area. This newspaper covers all county governments, state, national, and international news, to the extent such news concerns Lexington County residents.

Radio[edit]

Batesburg-Leesville has only one radio station transmitting from within its borders, WBLR 1430 AM. However, Batesburg-Leesville is in range of several radio stations broadcasting from the surrounding areas, including:

  • WYFV 88.7 FM - Christian - Cayce, SC
  • WMHK 89.7 FM - Christian - Columbia, SC
  • WUSC 90.5 FM - University of South Carolina - Columbia, SC
  • WLTR 91.3 FM - Classical/NPR - Columbia, SC
  • WARQ 93.5 FM - New Rock - Columbia, SC
  • WCOS 97.5 FM - Country - Columbia, SC
  • WLXC 98.5 FM - R&B/Soul - Lexington, SC
  • WWDM 101.3 FM - R&B/Soul - Columbia, SC
  • WEKL 105.7 FM - Classic rock - Augusta, GA
  • WNOK 104.7 FM - "Top 40" - Columbia, SC
  • WTCB 106.7 FM - "Top 40" - Columbia, SC

Television[edit]

Over-the-air channels receivable in Batesburg-Leesville include:

  • WJBF - Channel 6 - Augusta, GA
  • WRDW-TV - Channel 12 - Augusta, GA
  • WOLO-TV - Channel 25 (ABC Affiliate) - Columbia, SC
  • WFXG - Channel 54 - Augusta, GA
  • WLTX - Channel 19 (CBS Affiliate) - Columbia, SC
  • WACH - Channel 57 (Fox Affiliate) - Columbia, SC
  • WIS-TV - Channel 10 (NBC Affiliate) - Columbia, SC
  • WRLK-TV - Channel 35 - Columbia, SC

Alternatively, digital cable providers Time Warner Cable and Pond Branch Telecommunications collectively cover the majority of the greater Batesburg-Leesville area.

Geography[edit]

Batesburg-Leesville is located at 33°54′35″N 81°32′03″W / 33.909767°N 81.534296°W / 33.909767; -81.534296 (33.909767, -81.534296).[13]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 7.4 square miles (19.2 km2), of which 7.3 square miles (19.0 km2) is land and 0.1 square mile (0.2 km2) (1.21%) is covered by water.

Batesburg-Leesville is located along the Atlantic Seaboard fall line which separates the Piedmont region from the Coastal Zone. Historically, U.S. Route 1 followed this line, and it presently separates the north and south sides of the duel town. Typically in this vicinity, the Piedmont area has a clay soil surface, while the Coastal Zone is sandy.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880286
189052884.6%
190097183.9%
19101,995105.5%
19202,84842.8%
19302,839−0.3%
19402,9333.3%
19503,1698.0%
19603,80620.1%
19704,0366.0%
19804,023−0.3%
19904,0821.5%
20005,51735.2%
20105,362−2.8%
Est. 20165,448[14]1.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[15]

As of the U.S. Census[1] of 2000, there were 5,517 people, 2,167 households, and 1,482 families residing in the town. The population density was 751.4 people per square mile (290.2/km2). There were 2,446 housing units at an average density of 333.2 per square mile (128.7/km2).

The racial makeup of the town was 52.82% White, 45.66% African American, 0.29% Native American, 0.20% Asian, 0.40% from other races, and 0.63% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.61% of the local population.

There were 2,167 households, of which 31.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.0% were married couples living together, 22.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.6% were non-families. 28.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50, and the average family size was 3.03.

In the town, the population was spread out with 26.5% under the age of 18, 8.4% from 18 to 24, 25.2% from 25 to 44, 22.6% from 45 to 64, and 17.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 83.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 76.5 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $32,865, and the median income for a family was $40,040. Males had a median income of $32,447 versus $22,196 for females. The per capita income for the town was $16,078. About 16.1% of families and 18.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.9% of those under age 18 and 12.5% of those age 65 or over.

Notable people[edit]

Notable figures who were born in, lived in, or are otherwise associated with Batesburg-Leesville include:

Athletes[edit]

Authors, educators[edit]

  • Dr. and Prof. Lodwick C. Hartley, 1906-1979, author and educator. Hartley, from Batesburg, graduated from Batesburg-Leesville High School in 1923. He received a B.A. from Furman University in 1927, an M.A. from Columbia University in 1928, and a Ph.D. from Princeton University in 1937. He joined the North Carolina State University (then N.C. State College of Agriculture and Engineering) faculty as an assistant professor in 1929. He became an associate professor in 1939, and head of the English Department in 1940. He would remain in this position until his retirement in 1971. He authored more than a dozen books, including Plum Tree Lane, which was loosely based on his youth in Batesburg from 1906 to 1918. He passed away on July 2, 1979, and is buried in the Batesburg Cemetery.[17][18][19]

Musicians[edit]

  • Linda Martell (born Thelma Bynem in Leesville), was an American rhythm and blues and country music singer. In 1969 she had a top-25 hit with "Color Him Father," and became the first African-American singer to perform at the Grand Ole Opry in Nashville. The next year she attained television fame on The Bill Anderson Show and Hee Haw. After making 11 more appearances at the Grand Ole Opry, she ceased singing in 1974.

Political[edit]

  • Katrina F. Shealy, has been a South Carolina State Senator since 2013. Upon assuming office, she became the sole female in the State Senate. This Republican from Lexington County was born in Leesville.
  • Ryan C. Shealy, a Democratic state legislator in Columbia who served in the South Carolina House of Representatives from 1954 to 1970, and in the South Carolina Senate from 1980 to 1982. He was born in Leesville.
  • George Bell Timmerman, Jr., served as governor of South Carolina from 1955 to 1959, a Southern Democrat leading the state during a period of growing racial strife. From 1947 to 1955 he had served as a lieutenant governor under Democrats Strom Thurmond and Jimmy Byrnes. Although born in Anderson County, he was buried in Batesburg Cemetery after retiring to the township.

Civil rights[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. ^ "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Batesburg-Leesville town, South Carolina". www.census.gov. Retrieved 2018-02-22.
  4. ^ National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
  5. ^ "National Register of Historic Places Listings". Weekly List of Actions Taken on Properties: 11/15/10 through 11/19/10. National Park Service. 2010-11-26.
  6. ^ Poston, Ted (17 July 1946). "Ask US to Probe Negro Vet's Blinding by Carolina Cops". New York Post. Archived from the original on 13 January 2016. Retrieved 15 March 2015.
  7. ^ https://www.stripes.com/civil-rights-historians-tell-little-known-story-of-wwii-vet-1.529594
  8. ^ http://batesburg-leesville.org/sgt-isaac-woodard-historical-marker-dedication
  9. ^ "FY 2018-2019 Budget" (PDF). Town of Batesburg-Leesville.
  10. ^ a b "Mayor and Council - Town of Batesburg Leesville". batesburg-leesville.org. Retrieved 2017-11-16.
  11. ^ http://batesburg-leesville.org/fire-department
  12. ^ http://www.nationalregister.sc.gov/lexington/S10817732027/S10817732027.pdf
  13. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  14. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  15. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  16. ^ http://www.cnlbr.org/Portals/0/Players%20Register/I-L%202018-04.pdf
  17. ^ https://www.lib.ncsu.edu/findingaids/mc00082
  18. ^ https://d.lib.ncsu.edu/collections/catalog/0226727#?c=&m=&s=&cv=&xywh=-3322%2C0%2C10259%2C5519
  19. ^ https://finding-aids.lib.unc.edu/04195/

External links[edit]