Map of Chad showing Batha.
|• Governor||Loum Hinansou Laina (2013)|
Batha (Arabic: البطحة) is one of the 23 regions of Chad, composed of what was formerly Batha Prefecture. It is located in the centre of the country. The regional capital is Ati. The region of Batha is divided into three departments are Batha Est, Batha Ouest and Fitri.
Per the census of 2009, the population of the region was 527,031, 51.90 per cent female. The number of nomads in the region was 37,419, 9.60 per cent of the population. Arabs and Bilala were the major ethno-linguistic groups in the region as of 2009.
Chad has a general elevation of 240 m (790 ft) in Lake Chad Depression towards Guera massif located at an elevation of 1,800 m (5,900 ft) and eastwards towards mountaineous Saharan region of 3,350 m (10,990 ft). The only rivers in the country of importance are Chari and Logone, flowing into Lake Chad. The region receives an annual rainfall of 744 mm (29.3 in) and has vegetational zones. The region is the principal agricultural segment in the whole country, producing cotton and groundnut, the two main cashcrops of the country. There are a variety of local crops like rice are also grown in the region.
Per the census of 2009, the population of the region was 527,031, 51.90 per cent female. The average size of household as of 2009 is 5.10: 5.10 in rural households and 5.40 in urban areas. The number of households was 103,261: 89,991 in rural areas and 13,270 in urban areas. The number of nomads in the region was 37,419, 9.60 per cent of the population. There were 526,008 people residing in private households. There were 221,810 above 18 years of age: 98,651 male and 123,159 female. The sex ratio was 93.00 females for every 100 hundred males. There were 489,612 sedantary staff, 4.50 of the population. The main ethnico-linguistic groups are the Arabs (33.62%), the Bilala (18.11%), the Kuka (15.71%), the Masalit (5.73%) and the Mesmédjé (5.61%). Batha is one of the 23 regions of Chad and has the Head Post Office of the region is located in the capital. As of 2015, internet and telephone were limited and post was the primary mode of communication.
Chad became independent in 1961 from the French Colonial Empire. On account of ensuing political instability and local civil wars, it continued as a one party democary till 1991, while other parties were also allowed. All the powers rested centrally with the President. As a part of decentralization in February 2003, the country is administratively split into regions, departments, municipalities and rural communities. The prefectures which were originally 14 in number were re-designated in 17 regions. The regions are administered by Governors appointed by the President. The Prefects, who originally held the responsibility of the 14 prefects, still retained the titles and were responsible for the administration of smaller departments in each region. The members of local assemblies are elected every six years, while the executive organs are elected every three years. As of 2016, there are totally 23 regions in Chad, which are divided based on population and administrative convenience. The region of Batha is divided into three departments are Batha Est, Batha Ouest and Fitri.
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