Batin (Islam)

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Bāṭin (Arabic: باطن‎) literally means "inner", "inward", "hidden", etc. The Quran, for instance, has a hidden meaning in contrast to its exterior or apparent meaning, the zahir. Sufis believe that every individual has a batin in the world of souls. It is the inward self of the individual; when cleansed with the light of one's spiritual guide, it elevates a person spiritually.[1][2] This notion is connected to Allah's attribute of the Hidden One, who cannot be seen but exists in every realm.

Muslim groups believe that batin[3] can be fully understood only by a figure with esoteric knowledge. For Shia Muslims, that is the Imam of Time.

In a wider sense, it[3] is the inner meaning or reality behind all existence, the Zahir[3] being the world of form and the apparent meaning.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Daftary, Farhad (2000). Intellectual traditions in Islam New York: St. Martins Press. ISBN 186064760X. p. 90.
  2. ^ Gleave, Robert (2011). Islam and literalism: Literal meaning and interpretation in Islamic legal theory. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press. ISBN 0748631135. Page 64.
  3. ^ a b c Radtke, B. "BĀṬEN". Encyclopedia Iranica. Retrieved 9 July 2014.
  4. ^ "Love of the Prophets family". Archived from the original on 2014-01-26.

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