Batiovo

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Batiovo
Батьово
Urban-type settlement
Commercial and residential buildings in the center of Batiovo
Commercial and residential buildings in the center of Batiovo
Coat of arms of Batiovo
Coat of arms
Batiovo is located in Ukraine
Batiovo
Batiovo
Location of Batiovo in Ukraine
Coordinates: 48°21′43″N 22°23′24″E / 48.36194°N 22.39000°E / 48.36194; 22.39000Coordinates: 48°21′43″N 22°23′24″E / 48.36194°N 22.39000°E / 48.36194; 22.39000
Country  Ukraine
Province  Zakarpattia Oblast
District UKR Бе́регівський райо́н flag.jpg Berehove Raion
First mentioned 1205
Town status 1971
Government
 • Town Head Ferenc Beregszászi
Area
 • Total 5 km2 (2 sq mi)
Elevation[1] 105 m (344 ft)
Population (2016)
 • Total Decrease 3,048
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code 90212
Area code +380 3141
Website http://rada.gov.ua/

Batiovo (Ukrainian: Батьово, translit. Bat’ovo; Hungarian: Bátyú) is an urban-type settlement in Berehove Raion (district) of Zakarpattia Oblast (province) in western Ukraine. Population: 3,048 (2016 est.)[2].

Geography[edit]

The UzhhorodSolotvyno railroad line runs through Batiovo, with a station located in the town that serves as a border control between Ukraine with Hungary. The railway in Batiovo is the largest employer for the town's residents.[3]

History[edit]

The place was first mentioned in 1205 as Bátyú (Ukrainian: Батьу).[4] During that time, the settlement was located on the banks of the Tisza river, however, frequent floods forced the town's residents to relocate to a further location from the river's banks.[3] In 1816, Batiovo had a total of 310 residents and 54 houses.[5] In 1910, the settlement was part of the Kingdom of Hungary and had a total of 1,490 inhabitants, the majority of which were Hungarians. In 1921, the local arm of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia was established in Batiovo.

During World War II, about 40 families from the town were sent to Nazi concentration camps and an additional 90 people were sent to do forced labor. After the Soviet annexation of Western Ukraine in 1939-1940, Batiovo became part of the Soviet Union. In Autumn of 1944, 140 residents were taken prisoner by Soviet forces.[3] In 1946, the settlement's name was changed to Vuzlove (Ukrainian: Вузлове) or Uzlovoe (Russian: Узловое), which it kept until it was renamed back to "Batiovo" on April 1, 1995.[6]

In 1971, the settlement was granted the status of an urban-type settlement. In 2001, Batiovo survived a large flood from the Tisza largely in part thanks to the railway line's embankment which stopped the coming waters.[3]

Demographics[edit]

The town's population was 3,046 as of the 2001 Ukrainian Census[4] and 3,046 in 2011.[7] Two-thirds of the town's population consists of ethnic Hungarians, with the remaining population consisting of Ukrainians and Russians.[3]

Attractions[edit]

The town houses a couple of attractions, including the Reformed Church, which was originally built in 1910, but rebuilt in 1988, and renovated in 2003; as well as the Lónyay Estate, which was nationalized during the Soviet times.[3][8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Bat'ovo (Zakarpattia Oblast, Berehove Raion)". weather.in.ua. Retrieved 18 April 2012. 
  2. ^ "Чисельність наявного населення України (Actual population of Ukraine)" (PDF) (in Ukrainian). State Statistics Service of Ukraine. Retrieved 19 July 2016. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f "Bátyú". KárpátSzállás.net (in Hungarian). Archived from the original on 16 May 2012. Retrieved 18 April 2012. 
  4. ^ a b "Batiovo, Zakarpattia Oblast, Berehove Raion". Regions of Ukraine and their Structure (in Ukrainian). Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 18 April 2012. 
  5. ^ "Settlement of Batiovo". Agency Rusininform Ltd. (in Russian). karpattour.narod.ru. Archived from the original on 5 September 2006. Retrieved 18 April 2012. 
  6. ^ "№137/95-ПВ". Organs of self-government: laws regarding the administrative structure (in Ukrainian). Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. Archived from the original on 9 December 2013. Retrieved 18 April 2012. 
  7. ^ "Actual Population of Ukraine on January 1, 2011" (PDF). State Statistics Committee of Ukraine (in Ukrainian). Main Statistical Office in L'viv region. Retrieved 20 April 2012. 
  8. ^ "Bat'ovo (Bátyú), Lónyay-kastély". Central European Historic Garden Database. Retrieved 18 April 2012. 

External links[edit]

  • "Batiovo". Castles and churches of Ukraine (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 18 April 2012.