All-Ukrainian Union "Fatherland"

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All-Ukrainian Union "Fatherland" ("Batkivshchyna")
Всеукраїнське об'єднання "Батьківщина"
Leader Yulia Tymoshenko[1][2]
Founded 9 July 1999 (1999-07-09)[3]
Headquarters Kiev
Youth wing Young Batkivshchyna [4]
Ideology Conservatism
Liberal democracy[5]
Pro-Europeanism[5][6]
Political position Centre-right[6][7]
European affiliation European People's Party (observer)[8][9]
International affiliation International Democrat Union (associate)[10]
Colours Crimson
Slogan We Have the Power to Change Everything[11]
Verkhovna Rada
20 / 450
[12]
Regions (2015)[13]
8,840 / 158,399
Website
ba.org.ua

The All-Ukrainian Union "Fatherland" or Batkivshchyna (Ukrainian: Всеукраїнське об'єднання "Батьківщина", Vseukrayins'ke Obyednannya Bat'kivshchyna) is a political party in Ukraine, led by Yulia Tymoshenko.[1]

As the core party of the former Yulia Tymoshenko Bloc, Batkivshchyna has been represented in the Verkhovna Rada (Ukraine's parliament) since Yulia Tymoshenko set up the parliamentary faction of the same name in March 1999.[14][15][16] Since 2008, Batkivshchyna has been an associate member of the European People's Party.[17] After the November 2011 banning of the participation of blocs of political parties in parliamentary elections,[18] Batkivshchyna became a major force in Ukrainian politics independently.[19] Yulia Tymoshenko was a political prisoner of Yanukovych regime from 5 August 2011 until 22 February 2014. After the 2014 revolution she was rehabilitated by the Supreme Court of Ukraine and the European Court of Human Rights in the absence of crime structure.[20][21][22] Since the participation of blocks of political parties in the parliamentary elections in 2012 was banned, Batkivshchyna held a campaign called "United opposition Batkivshchyna" and advanced on its behalf members of other parties-allies of Batkivshchyna; party list was headed by the leader of the "Front of Changes" Arseniy Yatsenyuk. On 15 June 2013 the parties "Front of Changes" and "Reforms and Order" finally merged with the All-Ukrainian Union Batkivshchyna by self-liquidation. As at 31 December 2013 the parliamentary faction Batkivshchyna counted 90 deputies.[23][19][24][25][26] During Euromaidan events, on 22 February 2014 the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine adopted a resolution on the implementation of international obligations of Ukraine on release of former Prime Minister of Ukraine Yulia Tymoshenko.[27]

Tymoshenko started reforming the party and the Batkivshchyna went to the parliamentary elections in 2014 with new members, the top five of the list included: Nadiya Savchenko, Yulia Tymoshenko, Ihor Lutsenko, Serhiy Sobolev, and Alyona Shkrum. Based on the election results the party received 19 seats in the Ukrainian parliament, 17 – according to party lists, 2 – on majority system; Igor Zhdanov[28] from Batkivshchyna got the position of Youth and Sports Minister in the Government.[29][30] According to the results of local elections-2015 the party "Fatherland" received second place, and thereby doubled its result in comparison with the parliamentary elections-2014.[31]

According to recent opinion polls, Batkivshchyna has the highest rating among all Ukrainian parties. In 2017, Batkivshchyna would have received, according to various opinion polls, 17,9%,[32] 16,6%,[33] 17,1%,[33] votes of all respondents if the elections to Parliament took place.

History[edit]

Early history[edit]

The predecessor of the today's party is the Association of Peace-loving Forces "Batkivshchyna" that was founded in 1995 by Volodymyr Prisnyakov, a rector at Dnipropetrovsk National University.[16] In 1998, Tymoshenko was elected a people's deputy of the Verkhovna Rada from the Bobrynets constituency, Kirovohrad Oblast numbered 99. In spring 1999, Tymoshenko created a parliamentary group the "Fatherland" as a breakaway group of Hromada.[34] It should be noted that on 14 September 1998 the General Prosecutor of Ukraine had accused Hromada leader Pavlo Lazarenko of embezzlement, and the following March Tymoshenko established the "Fatherland" parliamentary group.[35][15] On 9 July 1999 based on the parliamentary group and smaller party there was created new political party "All-Ukrainian Union" Fatherland" at its constituent congress.[16] The first party chairman elected was Viktor Drachenko, a former Communist Party secretary from Dnipropetrovsk Oblast.[16] The party was registered at the Ministry of Justice of Ukraine on 16 September 1999, certificate № 122.[36] At the second congress, held on 18 December of the same year was elected Chairman of the party Yulia Tymoshenko.[16]

Yulia Tymoshenko Bloc[edit]

In the 2002 parliamentary elections, the party was the main constituent of the Yulia Tymoshenko Bloc.[36] The bloc obtained 22 seats in the parliament, all on the party list. Thirteen of them were allocated to "Fatherland".

In January 2005, Tymoshenko became Prime Minister of Ukraine under Viktor Yushchenko's presidency.[37][38] Several months earlier, she was a leader in the Orange Revolution which enabled Yushchenko's election.[37][39]

After losing several seats in 2002 and 2003, in September 2005 the bloc had grown to 40 members.[40] In March 2005, the Yabluko party merged with Batkivshchyna;[16] however, in March 2007 Yabluko became the Party of Free Democrats.[16] In late 2005, the United Ukraine party also merged with Batkivshchyna.[16] In the 2006 and 2007 parliamentary elections the party was part of the Tymoshenko bloc,[36] which won 129 of 450 seats in 2006 (22.29 percent of the total vote) and 156 of 450 seats (30.71 percent of the total vote) in 2007.[36]

Yulia Tymoshenko at a March 2011 meeting of the European People's Party

On 18 December 2007 Yulia Tymoshenko was reelected prime minister by a two-vote margin, making Our Ukraine–People's Self-Defense Bloc and the Yulia Tymoshenko Bloc a majority coalition.[41][42] Since 2008, the party has been an observer member of the European People's Party.[9]

In 2009, the "Fatherland" Yulia Tymoshenko has put forward a candidate for the presidency of Ukraine. After its defeat in the elections parliamentary coalition ceased to exist, the Cabinet Tymoshenko was dismissed. Tymoshenko stated on 22 February 2010, she would go into Parliamentary opposition.[43][44] During the 2010 Ukrainian local elections the party (political blocs were not permitted to compete in the election)[45][46] was defeated by the rival Party of Regions in nearly all regions of Ukraine, although it remained the main opposition party.[47] Although Batkivshchyna won seats in 19 of 24 regional parliaments, it did not win a seat in the Supreme Council of Crimea.[48] In Lviv Oblast and Kiev Oblast as well as in Ternopil the party did not participate in the elections cause it was unable to register their candidates; Yulia Tymoshenko claimed that "fraudulent Batkivshchyna party organisations were registered on orders from Viktor Yanukovych".[49][50][51]

United opposition in 2012 Parliamentary elections[edit]

On 16 November 2010, the Yulia Tymoshenko Bloc in the Verkhovna Rada was renamed the Bloc Yulia Tymoshenko-Batkivshchyna.[52] During the presidency of Viktor Yanukovych against leader Party Yulia Tymoshenko opened several criminal cases. 5 August 2011 Tymoshenko was arrested. 11 October 2011 sentenced to 7 years in prison on charges of abuse of power and official authority at the conclusion of gas contracts with Russia in January 2009.[22] Danish Helsinki Committee, observing the trial, came to the conclusion that his political motivation, and gross violations of the European Convention on Human Rights. In 2010-2013, the European Parliament adopted six resolutions in which the persecution of Tymoshenko called "politically motivated selective justice".[1][53]

On 17 November 2011, party blocs were banned in parliamentary elections.[18] The following month, Batkivshchyna and the People's Self-Defense party announced that the latter would merge with the former,[54][55] and on 28 December first deputy party head Oleksandr Turchynov said, "I believe that other political forces will join in".[56]

Batkivshchyna, the former Yulia Tymoshenko Bloc member Reforms and Order Party and the People's Movement of Ukraine announced their intention to submit a single party list in the March 2012 parliamentary elections.[57] On 7 April, Arseniy Yatsenyuk announced that the Front for Change party would join them on the single-party list.[58]

On 6 June 2012, Vyacheslav Kutovy and Volodymyr Kupchak left the party;[60] Kupchak he had been threatened by party leader Yatsenyuk and the party had "betrayed Yulia Tymoshenko, who had sparked the protest movement Rise up, Ukraine!".[61] In July 2012, Batkivshchyna agreed with the Svoboda party on the distribution of single-member district candidates in the 2012 parliamentary elections.[62] Two weeks before the 28 October election, Batkivshchyna withdrew 26 parliamentary candidates in favour of the Ukrainian Democratic Alliance for Reform (UDAR); UDAR withdrew 26 of its single-seat candidates in favour of Batkivshchyna candidates, attempting to maximise the opposition vote.[63]

Oblast map of Ukraine, colour-coded by Batkivshchyna vote
Results of the 2012 elections

Batkivshchyna was a de facto umbrella party in the election, whose election list included members of the Reforms and Order, People's Movement of Ukraine, Front for Change, For Ukraine!, People's Self-Defense, Civil Position and Social Christian parties.[64][65][66][67] In July 2012, members of the Mejlis of the Crimean Tatar People joined the list, known as the Fatherland United Opposition.[68] Front for Change leader Arseniy Yatsenyuk headed the list, because Tymoshenko was imprisoned.[25][59] The list won 62 seats and 25.55 percent of the vote under the proportional party-list system (down from 30.71 percent in 2007 for the Yulia Tymoshenko Bloc[36]), and another 39 in simple-majority constituencies. Competing in 152 of 225 constituencies,;[69] they won a total of 101 seats, 22.67 percent of the 450 seats in the Verkhovna Rada.[70] The party lost about two million votes, compared with the results of the Yulia Tymoshenko Bloc in the previous election.[19] Yatsenyuk was temporarily selected leader of this parliamentary faction (also) on 12 December 2012.[71] On 19 October 2012, Batkivshchyna and Svoboda signed an agreement for "the creation of a coalition of democratic forces in the new parliament".[72] The party is also coordinating its parliamentary activities with UDAR.[73]

In early April 2013 four lawmakers left the party in protest of Yatsenyuk's leadership style, and Roman Stadniychuk was forced to replace Serhiy Vlasenko's parliamentary mandate.[74][75] The following month, Batkivshchyna, UDAR and Svoboda pledged to coordinate for the 2015 Ukrainian presidential election.[76]

2013 unification[edit]

In December 2012, the parties which aligned with Batkivshchyna in the 2012 parliamentary elections considered forming a single party.[77] On 15 June 2013, the Reforms and Order Party and the Front for Change merged with Batkivshchyna.[78] A portion of the People's Movement of Ukraine (including former chairman Borys Tarasyuk)[79] also merged; the remainder of the party had merged with the Ukrainian People's Party the previous month.[80]).[81] During the same congress, the party also approved Tymoshenko's nomination as its candidate in the 2015 Ukrainian presidential election.[2] At the party congress, which was held in Kiev on the Sofia area, 482 delegates unanimously supported the candidature of Tymoshenko.[82]

Euromaidan and return to government[edit]

The party played a substantial role in the anti-government Euromaidan protests, which began in late November 2013 and culminated in the 21 February 2014 impeachment of President Viktor Yanukovych after the February 2014 Ukrainian revolution, in which Tymoshenko was released from jail and officially rehabilitated.[83][84][85] Just after Euromaidan revolution, the Ukrainian Supreme Court closed the case and found that "no crime was committed".[20] European Court of Human Rights in Strasbourg acknowledged political persecution and torture and put a final end to all criminal case against Yulia Tymoshenko in 2011-2014.[86] After Yanukovych's ouster from the presidency, and return the Constitution of 2004, was formed the ruling coalition, which includes the Batkivshchyna, UDAR and Svoboda. This coalition formed a coalition government, headed by Arseniy Yatsenyuk.

The leader party "Fatherland" Yulia Tymoshenko has begun to reform the party. Early August the party expelled more than 1,500 members, including more than 700 deputies, in a lustration campaign.[87]

The party has its own Batkivshchyna Battalion that fights in the War in Donbass.[88][89]

2014 Parliamentary election[edit]

Results of the 2014 elections

The Central electoral Commission registered the party "Batkivshchyna" in nationwide multi-member constituency at the extraordinary elections to the Verkhovna Rada. The decision was taken at the CEC meeting on 22 September 2014. As a result, at the extraordinary parliamentary elections in 2014 the party "Fatherland" was held in Parliament typing (894,837 votes - 5.68%), which allowed it to Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine VIII convocation get 17 seats on party lists, and two seats in majority constituencies.[91] Following the elections the party became a member of the coalition supporting the current second Yatsenyuk Government and has 1 minister in this government.[92][91]

Since 2014 Parliamentary election[edit]

On 11 December 2014 Parliament supported the initiative of Ukraine Yulia Tymoshenko hopes for release Nadiya Savchenko.[93] On 25 May 2016, Savchencko was exchanged in a prisoner swap for two Russian GRU officers[94] captured by Ukraine.[95] (Technically, she was granted a pardon by president Vladimir Putin.[96])

On 5 March 2015 the Parliament supported the bill on supporting volunteers Ukraine.[97]

On 21 April 2015 Yulia Tymoshenko initiated a working group to check the validity of utility tariffs.[98] "Fatherland" party has made the reduction of tariffs for housing and communal services.[99]

The party was one of the winners of the 2015 Ukrainian local elections.[100]

Batkivshchyna pursues a consistent policy to support the ban on the sale of agricultural land.[101]

On 4 February 2016, Parliament adopted a law on the improvement of the protection of journalists' professional activity, one of the initiators of which are members of the party Batkivshchyna.[102]

On 17 February 2016 Batkivshchyna withdrew from the ruling coalition following a vote in the Rada to remove Yatsenyuk from his position, which was rejected by a majority.[103]

On 31 March 2016, Parliament adopted the law on family farms[104] initiated by the party Batkivshchyna.

The party did not join the coalition that supports the 14 April 2016 installed Groysman Government.[105]

During 17 July 2016 constituency mid-term elections the party won two (extra) seats in the Ukrainian parliament.[106]

On 15 December 2016 Batkivshchyna expelled the number 1 on its 2014 parliamentary election list, Nadiya Savchenko, from its parliamentary faction in response to her earlier meeting with separatist leaders Aleksandr Zakharchenko (of the Donetsk People's Republic) and Igor Plotnitsky (of the Luhansk People's Republic).[107][108] The party saw this meeting as "negotiations with terrorists" and "adamantly opposed" it.[107]

Local election in 2015[edit]

According to the Central Election Commission, the results of local elections in 2015 resulted in the All-Ukrainian Union "Fatherland" party placing second in Ukraine. "Fatherland" will be represented 8016 deputies in local councils, and by 369 deputies as heads of villages, towns and cities. In comparison to the 2014 parliamentary elections, "Fatherland" was able to increase its representation by 250%.[100][109][110]

Local election 2016[edit]

According to the Committee of Voters of Ukraine, "Fatherland" was one of the leaders of election in united municipalities took place on December 11, 2016. In 41 local community, 104 deputies of the "Fatherland" and 3 heads of the communities were elected.[111]

Ideology and stances[edit]

The party manifesto claims that it sees to instill in Ukraine national, democratic, and Christian values, held together through reformation, spirituality, patriotism, national solidarity, responsibility, rights and freedoms. The party advocates transforming Ukraine into a competitive nation-state in the model western Europe based on justice and welfare.[112]

According to the party, only citizens of Ukraine will have the right to private ownership of land, but that "high concentration of land ownership by one person" will be forbidden.[113]

The party sees Ukrainian membership in the European Union (EU) as a strategic goal.[113][114] It favors visa-free travel for Ukrainians to the EU and wants to "cancel humiliating visa regimes".[113] It would like to see "a mutually beneficial and equitable agreement on the establishment of free trade with Russia".[113] In June 2013, the party's parliamentary faction voted for the denunciation of the 2010 Ukrainian–Russian Naval Base for Natural Gas treaty.[nb 1][116]

The party's 2012 election program did not mention NATO,[117] but its 2014 program stated that the party wants to annul Ukraine's non-aligned status[118] and that it wants Ukraine to become a member of NATO.[119]

The party wants to prosecute "Law enforcement involved in political repression".[117]

The party is in favor of party-list proportional representation elections with open lists.[113][117][120] It also favors Citizens' Initiatives when 50,000 signatures are collected.[clarification needed][113] The party wants to empower local governance.[113]

Government grants[clarification needed] should be awarded to graduates who successfully passed testing for studies at Ukrainian universities.[113]

It proposes a Ukraine's health system that has mandatory health inspections and a gradual development of voluntary health insurance system funded by employers.[113]

The party wants to introduce jury trials into the Ukrainian law system and wants to "depoliticise" the process of appointment of judges.[113] It also wants an independent judiciary that will increase the role of the Supreme Court of Ukraine.[117] The Constitutional Court of Ukraine, "which has compromised itself with decisions that were ordered (by the Yanukovych administration)" should be liquidated.[117] It wants the criminal code to be "Europeanized" and law enforcement brought under civil control.[117]

The party wants to improve human rights in Ukraine.[113][114]

The party regards the Holodomor as a genocide of the Ukrainian nation.[114]

Before their removal of power in February 2014 the party sought to impeach former Ukrainian President Viktor Yanukovych and his "anti-people regime" to "return Ukraine to the path of European integration",[117] while trying to reverse the former Azarov Government policy of raising the status of the Russian language.[121]

15 May 2016 "Fatherland" prepared a statement in the name of the new Prosecutor General in connection with offenses in the activities of the National Commission, which performs state regulation in the energy and utilities relative to the unjustified increase of gas prices for the population.[122]

23 May 2016 All-Ukrainian Union "Fatherland" launched a website "Fair rates", which promotes the idea of establishing fair gas tariffs for the population.[123][124]

Associated and merged parties[edit]

Associated in electoral block[edit]

Merged[edit]

Election results[edit]

Verkhovna Rada[edit]

Year Popular vote  % of popular vote Overall seats won Seat change Government
2002 Yulia Tymoshenko Bloc
22 / 450
Increase 13 Only 2005 Coalition government
2006
129 / 450
Increase 107 Opposition
2007
156 / 450
Increase 27 Coalition government
2012 5,208,402 25.54%
101 / 450
Decrease 55 Opposition
2014 893,549 5.68%
19 / 450
Decrease 82 Opposition

Presidential elections[edit]

Election year Candidate # of 1st round votes  % of 1st round vote # of 2nd round votes  % of 2nd round vote Won/Loss
2010 Yulia Tymoshenko 6,159,810 25.05 11,593,357 45.47 Loss
2014 Yulia Tymoshenko 2,310,050 12.81 Loss

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ In June 2013 Ukraine's First Deputy Foreign Minister Ruslan Demchenko stated a unilateral denunciation of the 2010 Ukrainian–Russian Naval Base for Natural Gas treaty was not possible from a legal point of view.[115]

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External links[edit]