Batley and Spen (UK Parliament constituency)

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Coordinates: 53°43′01″N 1°38′06″W / 53.717°N 1.635°W / 53.717; -1.635

Batley and Spen
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Batley and Spen in West Yorkshire.
Outline map
Location of West Yorkshire within England.
County West Yorkshire
Population 107,899 (2011 census)[1]
Electorate 77,472 (December 2010)[2]
Major settlements Batley, Cleckheaton, Birstall, Birkenshaw
Current constituency
Created 1983
Member of parliament Tracy Brabin (Labour Co-operative)
Number of members One
Created from Batley and Morley, Brighouse and Spenborough and Dewsbury
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency Yorkshire and the Humber

Batley and Spen /bætli ənd spɛn/ normally: /bæʔli ənd spɛn/ is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2016 by Tracy Brabin, a member of the Labour Co-operative Party (which denotes she is a member of the Labour Party and Co-operative Party, one of 27 current Labour MPs, and requires members to contribute practically to a cooperative business).[n 2]

Constituency profile[edit]

The area is in the rolling Pennines of West Yorkshire with considerable commerce, industry, retail and occupational trades carried out by most of its residents and a sizeable retired population, compared to city centres. A lower percentage of social housing is present than the regional average, however most of the larger settlements have some social housing.[3] The population in the district is diverse. Cleckheaton and many of the towns in the Spen Valley have few residents from non-white heritage backgrounds, while Batley has a sizeable number of residents with South Asian backgrounds, namely Pakistani (9.2%) and Indian (Gujarati) (15.9%). Heckmondwike also has a well-established South Asian community with 16.9% residents having Pakistani heritage.[4]

The results of the last fifty years show marginal majorities for Labour and for the Conservatives.

Jo Cox, who had represented the constituency since the 2015 general election, was fatally shot and stabbed on 16 June 2016.[5][6] The Conservative Party, Liberal Democrats, Green Party and UKIP announced on 17 June that they would not contest the vacant seat.[7]

Boundaries[edit]

1983–1997: The Metropolitan Borough of Kirklees wards of Batley East, Batley West, Birstall and Birkenshaw, Cleckheaton, Heckmondwike, and Spen.

1997–2010: The Metropolitan Borough of Kirklees wards of Batley East, Batley West, Birstall and Birkenshaw, Cleckheaton, and Spen.

2010–present: The Metropolitan Borough of Kirklees wards of Batley East, Batley West, Birstall and Birkenshaw, Cleckheaton, Heckmondwike, and Liversedge and Gomersal.

The constituency was created in 1983 from parts of the seats of Batley and Morley, Brighouse and Spenborough and Dewsbury. This West Yorkshire constituency covers Batley, Birkenshaw, Birstall, Cleckheaton, East Bierley, Gomersal, Hunsworth, and Liversedge. Traditionally Batley and Heckmondwike have been inclined to vote Labour, while the other settlements have been more inclined to vote Conservative. The exception is Cleckheaton which has returned Liberal Democrat members for the local council.

The seat swung in Labour's favour in the elections of 1997, 2001 and 2005 though the Conservatives reduced the Labour majority in 2010 with a swing below the national average.

History[edit]

The seat did not exist in its present form prior to 1983. It has seen significant boundary changes since its creation – most notably those changes that took effect for the 1997 general election.

The town of Heckmondwike was part of the seat from its creation in 1983 until 1997, when it was transferred to Dewsbury. Heckmondwike was returned to Batley and Spen for the 2010 general election.

The electoral ward of Heckmondwike (which includes part of Liversedge township) was considered part of the Spen Valley (although it was never included in the former Spenborough Urban district). Heckmondwike ward was for many years a Labour stronghold, but in the 2000s elected two BNP councillors. The BNP councillors were narrowly defeated by Labour in 2007[8] and 2008.[9]

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[10] Party
1983 Elizabeth Peacock Conservative
1997 Michael Roy Wood Labour
2015 Jo Cox Labour
2016 by-election Tracy Brabin Labour

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General election 2017: Batley and Spen[11][12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Co-op Tracy Brabin
Green Alan Freeman
Independent Mohammed Hanif N/A
Liberal Democrat John Lawson
Independent Aleks Lukic N/A
Conservative Ann Myatt
By-election 2016: Batley and Spen[13][14][15][Note 1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Tracy Brabin 17,506 85.8 Increase 42.6
English Democrat Therese Muchewicz 969 4.8 N/A
BNP David Furness 548 2.7 N/A
Independent Garry Kitchin 517 2.5 N/A
English Independence Corbyn Anti 241 1.2 N/A
Liberty GB Jack Buckby 220 1.0 N/A
Independent Henry Mayhew 153 0.8 N/A
Independent Waqas Ali Khan 118 0.6 N/A
National Front Richard Edmonds 87 0.4 N/A
One Love Ankit Love 34 0.2 N/A
Majority 16,537 81.0 Increase 68.0
Turnout 20,393 25.8
Labour hold Swing N/A
  1. ^ Conservatives, UKIP, Greens and Liberal Democrats declined to field a candidate out of respect for the previous holder of the post, Jo Cox, who was murdered in office.
General election 2015: Batley and Spen[17][18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Jo Cox 21,826 43.2 +1.7
Conservative Imtiaz Ameen 15,769 31.2 −1.8
UKIP Aleks Lukic 9,080 18.0 N/A
Liberal Democrat John Lawson 2,396 4.7 −11.1
Green Ian Bullock 1,232 2.4 +1.3
TUSC Dawn Wheelhouse 123 0.2 N/A
Patriotic Socialist Karl Varley 53 0.1 N/A
Majority 6,057 12.0
Turnout 50,479 64.4
Labour hold Swing +1.7
General election 2010: Batley and Spen[19][20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Michael Roy Wood 21,565 41.5 −3.7
Conservative Janice Small 17,159 33.0 +1.3
Liberal Democrat Neil Bentley 8,925 17.2 +1.8
BNP David Exley 3,685 7.1 +1.1
Green Matt Blakeley 605 1.2 −0.5
Majority 4,406 8.5
Turnout 51,939 67.7 +6.9
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General election 2005: Batley and Spen[21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Michael Roy Wood 17,974 45.8 −4.1
Conservative Robert Light 12,186 31.1 −5.6
Liberal Democrat Neil Bentley 5,731 14.6 +4.3
BNP Colin Auty 2,668 6.8 N/A
Green Clive Lord 649 1.7 +0.2
Majority 5,788 14.8
Turnout 39,208 62.3 +1.8
Labour hold Swing +0.8
General election 2001: Batley and Spen[22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Michael Roy Wood 19,224 49.9 +0.5
Conservative Elizabeth Peacock 14,160 36.7 +0.4
Liberal Democrat Kathryn Pinnock 3,989 10.3 +1.5
Green Clive Lord 595 1.5 +0.7
UKIP Allen Burton 574 1.5 N/A
Majority 5,064 13.2
Turnout 38,542 60.5 −12.6
Labour hold Swing +0.1

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General election 1997: Batley and Spen[23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Michael Roy Wood 23,213 49.4 +6.3
Conservative Elizabeth Peacock 17,072 36.4 −9.0
Liberal Democrat Kathryn Pinnock 4,133 8.8 −1.7
Referendum Ed O.C. Wood 1,691 3.6 N/A
BNP Ron A. Smith 472 1.0 N/A
Green Clive Lord 384 0.8 −0.2
Majority 6,141 13.1
Turnout 46,965 73.2 −6.5
Labour gain from Conservative Swing +7.7
General election 1992: Batley and Spen[24][25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Elizabeth Peacock 27,629 45.4 +2.0
Labour Eunice A. Durkin 26,221 43.1 +2.0
Liberal Democrat Gordon J. Beever 6,380 10.5 −3.8
Green Clive Lord 628 1.0 N/A
Majority 1,408 2.3 0.0
Turnout 60,858 79.7 +0.7
Conservative hold Swing 0.0

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General election 1987: Batley and Spen[26]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Elizabeth Peacock 25,512 43.4 +4.1
Labour Kenneth Woolmer 24,150 41.1 +3.5
Social Democratic Keith Burke 8,372 14.3 −7.2
Moderate Labour Allan Harrison 689 1.2 N/A
Majority 1,365 2.3
Turnout 58,723 79.0 +5.6
Conservative hold Swing +0.3
General election 1983: Batley and Spen[27]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Elizabeth Peacock 21,433 39.6 N/A
Labour Kenneth Woolmer 20,563 38.0 N/A
Social Democratic Stephen Woollery 11,678 21.5 N/A
Ecology Clive Lord 493 0.9 N/A
Majority 870 1.6 N/A
Turnout 54,167 73.4 N/A
Conservative win (new seat)

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References
  1. ^ "Batley and Spen: Usual Resident Population, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 28 January 2015. 
  2. ^ "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  3. ^ 2001 census[full citation needed]
  4. ^ "Kirklees Census 2001". Kirklees Council. Archived from the original on 5 September 2009. Retrieved 23 June 2016. 
  5. ^ Boyle, Danny (16 June 2016). "Labour MP Jo Cox dies after being shot and stabbed in her constituency near Leeds". The Telegraph. Retrieved 16 June 2016. 
  6. ^ Booth, Robert; Dodd, Vikram; Parveen, Nazia (16 June 2016). "Labour MP Jo Cox has died after being shot and stabbed". The Guardian. Retrieved 16 June 2016. 
  7. ^ Stone, Jon (17 June 2016). "Jo Cox death: Parties stand down in killed Labour MP's seat as Corbyn and Cameron call for unity". The Independent. Retrieved 17 June 2016. 
  8. ^ "Kirklees Election Results 2007". Kirklees Council. 2007. Retrieved 21 February 2009. 
  9. ^ "Kirklees Election Results 2008". Kirklees Council. 2008. Retrieved 16 June 2016. 
  10. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "B" (part 1)[self-published source][better source needed]
  11. ^ "Candidates for Batley and Spen". Democracy Club Candidates. 
  12. ^ http://www.thepressnews.co.uk/press-news/election-battle-begins-earnest/
  13. ^ Kirklees Metropolitan Borough Council "Statement of Persons Nominated and Notice of Poll"
  14. ^ "Election results for Batley and Spen, 20 October 2016". 20 October 2016. Retrieved 21 October 2016. 
  15. ^ "Labour's Tracy Brabin wins Batley and Spen by-election following death of MP Jo Cox". The Independent. Retrieved 18 March 2017. 
  16. ^ "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  17. ^ "Batley & Spen". BBC News. Retrieved 13 May 2015. 
  18. ^ "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  19. ^ "UK > England > Yorkshire & the Humber > Batley & Spen". Election 2010. BBC. 7 May 2010. Archived from the original on 1 May 2010. Retrieved 12 May 2010. 
  20. ^ "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  21. ^ "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  22. ^ "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  23. ^ "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  24. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 December 2010. 
  25. ^ "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  26. ^ "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.